News & Analysis as of

Fourth Amendment Search & Seizure

The Fourth Amendment to the United States Constitution protects citizens from unreasonable searches and seizures and provides that warrants may only be granted upon findings of probable cause. The Fourth... more +
The Fourth Amendment to the United States Constitution protects citizens from unreasonable searches and seizures and provides that warrants may only be granted upon findings of probable cause. The Fourth Amendment applies to the States via the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment.  Important areas of Fourth Amendment jurisprudence flow from questions surrounding the definitions of "search" and "seizure," the applicability of the Amendment to so-called "stop and frisk" situations, the level of control that must be exerted by law enforcement before an individual is deemed "seized," and the "exclusionary rule," just to name a few.    less -

Court Upholds Murder-for-Hire Conviction, Rejects Fourth Amendment Challenges

The murder-for-hire statute makes it a crime to agree to commit murder in exchange for “anything of pecuniary value.” 18 U.S.C. § 1958. The Second Circuit has understood this language to require that, at the time of the...more

The Circuit Raises A Glass To A Broad Construction Of Law Enforcement’s Authority Under The Fourth Amendment

Yesterday the Second Circuit issued a decision in United States v. Diaz, No. 15-3776 (Walker, Sack, Chin). In an opinion by Judge Sack, the Court addressed two questions under the Fourth Amendment: when does a police...more

Latest Legal Developments On Student Searches

by Tucker Arensberg, P.C. on

Highhouse v. Wayne Highlands School District, — F.Supp.3d — 2016 WL 4679012 (M.D. Pa. Sept. 7, 2016): claims relating to unlawful strip search of student accused of stealing money against individual employees and a school...more

Immigration Fact and Fiction for the U.S. Employer: More on CBP Searching Electronic Devices – What is Left of the Fourth...

As mentioned in a prior blog post, the U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) can conduct searches of individuals departing the United States, a fact that many are not aware of. In fact, the rule that failure to declare...more

On the Border: Lawmakers Seek to End Warrantless Searches of Electronic Devices by Border Authorities

by Snell & Wilmer on

The controversial practice of U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) agents randomly demanding that Americans turn over passwords to their mobile devices so they can be searched at the border and at ports of entry may be...more

Beware of Potential Punitive Damages Associated with Section 1983 Actions

by SmithAmundsen LLC on

Under Title 42 § 1983 of the U.S. Code, liability is imposed upon individuals and entities that act “under color of law.” Based on the Fourth Amendment, people have the right to be secure against unreasonable searches and...more

Privacy Tip #80 – Continued Controversy Over Mobile Device Searches by CBP

Many people were shocked and outraged over the story I relayed about a U.S. citizen, in fact, a NASA scientist, who, after returning from racing solar cars abroad was required by Custom and Border Patrol (CBP) agents to hand...more

Immigration Fact or Fiction for the U.S. Employer: CBP Searching Electronic Devices – A New Thing?

There has been heightened interest and concern regarding the potential for U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) to search laptops and smart phones at the port of entry, due to the mention of such searches in one of...more

Crossing the Border with Electronics - Helpful Tips and Pitfalls to Avoid

by Dickinson Wright on

International travelers have been reporting that cell phones, computers, and other communication devices are being seized by Officers of the U.S. Customs and Border Protection (“USCBP”) branch of the U.S. Department of...more

Tech Rally – Industry Giants Back Google's Play to Protect Data

by Bracewell LLP on

On March 10, 2017, Google Inc. filed its objection to a Pennsylvania magistrate judge's order to comply with search warrants and turn over personal user data partially stored on foreign servers abroad. A number of technology...more

Illinois Appellate Court Limits Warrantless Searches of Liquor Licensees

by Holland & Knight LLP on

The Illinois Appellate Court has found unconstitutional a provision of the Illinois Liquor Control Act (Liquor Act) that authorizes unlimited inspection of liquor retailers' premises by local officials. The court ruled that...more

Is There an Opening to Withdraw or Modify Electronic Logging Device Rule?

by Holland & Knight LLP on

The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) published its final electronic logging device (ELD) rule on Dec. 16, 2015, which the FMCSA claims, "is intended to help create a safer work environment for drivers, and...more

Ninth Circuit Considers Limits to DEA Access to Oregon PDMP

by McDermott Will & Emery on

On November 7, 2016, the US Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit heard arguments in Oregon Prescription Drug Monitoring Program v. United States DEA, No. 14-35402 (9th Cir. 2016). Here, the Drug Enforcement Administration...more

Be Reasonable: Qualified Immunity, After-Discovered Facts, and the Case of Hernandez v. Mesa

In some form or fashion, law students learn that the words “reasonable man” denote a person exercising those qualities of attention, knowledge, intelligence and judgment which society requires of its members for the...more

United States Supreme Court Upholds Constitutionality of Criminal Breath Test Refusal Statutes

by Rumberger Kirk & Caldwell on

The United States Supreme Court recently upheld the constitutionality of state statutes providing criminal penalties for the refusal to provide a breath test after an arrest for DUI, but held them unconstitutional when...more

D.H. v. Clayton County School District - A Federal Appeals Court Reaffirms New Jersey v. TLO

In the light of Riley v. California and United States v. Wurie, which imposed a warrant requirement for the search of cellular phones incident to lawful arrest, some legal commentators believed the courts were poised to...more

The Supreme Court - June 2016 #6

by Dorsey & Whitney LLP on

The Supreme Court of the United States issued decisions in five cases on June 23, 2016: Fisher v. University of Texas at Austin, No. 14-981: Petitioner Abigail Fisher applied for admission to the University of Texas at...more

En Banc Fourth Circuit Rules No Fourth Amendment Protection For Cell-Site Location Information

by King & Spalding on

On May 31, 2016, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit held in United States v. Graham, Nos. 12-4659 and 12-4825, in an en banc rehearing, that the government’s acquisition of historical cell-site location...more

California Telecom Providers File Suit to Protect Competitively Sensitive Information

by Nossaman LLP on

On May 5, AT&T Mobility along with several other telecommunications providers and trade associations filed a complaint in the Northern District of California against the California Public Utilities Commission (“CPUC”)...more

Government Access to Private Data: Microsoft Opens a New Front in the Battle for Consumer Privacy

by BakerHostetler on

Prior to the Information Age, sensitive papers were stored in file cabinets and drawers. When home computers arrived, information was digitized and moved to hard drives or other electronic media, still possessed by the user....more

Ninth Circuit Addresses Probationers’ Cell Phone Searches by Police

by Best Best & Krieger LLP on

The centrality of cell phones to our daily lives, and the wide array of sensitive information those phones may carry, creates a complex and ever-evolving series of issues over the amount of privacy we can expect to be...more

Police Make iPhone Public Enemy No. 1

by Ifrah PLLC on

FBI Director James Comey took a rare break from the posturing typical of investigators and prosecutors in the current showdown between Apple and the FBI. While prosecutors argue that Apple’s privacy concerns are a smokescreen...more

California Gives the Fourth Amendment a 21st Century Makeover

The average American today generates more media than they did at any other point in history, and the ease with which our communications, photos, and videos are sent and stored digitally means most of us have more media stored...more

Does the Government Have Carte Blanche to Retain Seized Data Indefinitely? In Amicus Brief to the Second Circuit, Policy Groups...

by BakerHostetler on

On July 29, 2015, BakerHostetler filed an amicus brief with the Second Circuit on behalf of the Center for Democracy and Technology, joined by five prominent nonprofit public interest groups, for the en banc rehearing of...more

DANGER – “General” Search Warrants in the Digital Age

If you knew that there was a chance—maybe even a good chance—that a law enforcement officer could gain access to every single text, email, photograph and voice mail on your smartphone, going back years, because you were...more

51 Results
|
View per page
Page: of 3
Cybersecurity

"My best business intelligence,
in one easy email…"

Your first step to building a free, personalized, morning email brief covering pertinent authors and topics on JD Supra:
Sign up using*

Already signed up? Log in here

*By using the service, you signify your acceptance of JD Supra's Privacy Policy.
*With LinkedIn, you don't need to create a separate login to manage your free JD Supra account, and we can make suggestions based on your needs and interests. We will not post anything on LinkedIn in your name. Or, sign up using your email address.
Feedback? Tell us what you think of the new jdsupra.com!