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Fourth Amendment Warrantless Searches

The Fourth Amendment to the United States Constitution protects citizens from unreasonable searches and seizures and provides that warrants may only be granted upon findings of probable cause. The Fourth... more +
The Fourth Amendment to the United States Constitution protects citizens from unreasonable searches and seizures and provides that warrants may only be granted upon findings of probable cause. The Fourth Amendment applies to the States via the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment.  Important areas of Fourth Amendment jurisprudence flow from questions surrounding the definitions of "search" and "seizure," the applicability of the Amendment to so-called "stop and frisk" situations, the level of control that must be exerted by law enforcement before an individual is deemed "seized," and the "exclusionary rule," just to name a few.    less -

The Carpenter Case and Other Privacy-Related News

by Revision Legal on

As we discussed in the last few weeks, privacy is repeatedly in the news. Washington lawmakers are trying again to update the Electronic Communications Privacy Act, the Stored Communications Act (the “SCA”), and the Pen...more

Supreme Court to Review Digital Privacy (Part 1)

by Miles & Stockbridge P.C. on

In 1986, Congress passed an obscure statute called the Stored Communications Act that has become much more relevant 30 years later. The U.S. Supreme Court will have two opportunities to help define the scope of digital...more

Privacy & Cybersecurity Update - June 2017

In this month's edition of our Privacy & Cybersecurity Update, we examine a new Chinese cybersecurity law that went into effect despite international concern for how it will be implemented; Colorado's adoption of new...more

County of Los Angeles v. Mendez

U.S. Supreme Court Rejects Ninth Circuit’s “Provocation Rule” - The Ninth Circuit’s provocation rule makes an officer’s otherwise reasonable use of force unreasonable if (1) the officer “intentionally or recklessly...more

The “Third Party” Catch-22

by Ifrah PLLC on

As the Department of Justice has been doubling down on law enforcement overreach, the Supreme Court has just decided to hear a case that may limit the use of a common tool that law enforcement uses to infringe upon the...more

U.S. Supreme Court Will Hear Mobile Phone Privacy Case

The United States Supreme Court has just agreed to hear the case of a Detroit man who was sentenced to 116 years in prison after data from his own cellular phone was used against him at his trial for his role in a string of...more

Exigent Circumstances Under the Fourth Amendment May Extend to the Need to Interview an Arrestee in Place

In a split decision in United States v. Delva, No. 15-cr-683 (Kearse, Winter, Jacobs), the Second Circuit held that the Fourth Amendment allowed law enforcement officers to seize cell phones and a number of letters that were...more

Warrant Needed for “Black Box” Data in Florida

by Wilson Elser on

In a case of first impression in Florida, a split appellate court in State of Florida v. Charles Wiley Worsham Jr., No. 4D15-2733 (Fla. Dist. Ct. App. Mar. 29, 2017), held that a warrant was necessary before law enforcement...more

Filling the Void in Internet Privacy: Time to Turn to the Courts (Again)

by Pierce Atwood LLP on

Now that the U.S. government has overturned the FCC’s privacy regulations, are courts more likely to step in to protect the Internet privacy rights of individuals?...more

Immigration Fact and Fiction for the U.S. Employer: More on CBP Searching Electronic Devices – What is Left of the Fourth...

As mentioned in a prior blog post, the U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) can conduct searches of individuals departing the United States, a fact that many are not aware of. In fact, the rule that failure to declare...more

On the Border: Lawmakers Seek to End Warrantless Searches of Electronic Devices by Border Authorities

by Snell & Wilmer on

The controversial practice of U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) agents randomly demanding that Americans turn over passwords to their mobile devices so they can be searched at the border and at ports of entry may be...more

Odor of Marijuana Grounds for Vehicle Search

by Pessin Katz Law, P.A. on

In Robinson, et. al. v State, Nos. 37, 39, & 46, September Term, 2016, decided January 20, 2017 (Watts, J.), the Maryland Court of Appeals, Maryland’s highest court, (the “Court”) held that a law enforcement officer...more

Illinois Appellate Court Limits Warrantless Searches of Liquor Licensees

by Holland & Knight LLP on

The Illinois Appellate Court has found unconstitutional a provision of the Illinois Liquor Control Act (Liquor Act) that authorizes unlimited inspection of liquor retailers' premises by local officials. The court ruled that...more

Court Finds Airport Cannot Fly Under the Radar on Employee’s Email Privacy Claims

by PretiFlaherty on

A federal district court in Virginia recently grounded an airport’s attempt to escape liability for accessing an employee’s email account. (Hoofnagle v. Smyth-Wythe Airport Commission.) The decision, which delivered a mixed...more

United States Supreme Court Upholds Constitutionality of Criminal Breath Test Refusal Statutes

by Rumberger Kirk & Caldwell on

The United States Supreme Court recently upheld the constitutionality of state statutes providing criminal penalties for the refusal to provide a breath test after an arrest for DUI, but held them unconstitutional when...more

En Banc Fourth Circuit Rules No Fourth Amendment Protection For Cell-Site Location Information

by King & Spalding on

On May 31, 2016, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit held in United States v. Graham, Nos. 12-4659 and 12-4825, in an en banc rehearing, that the government’s acquisition of historical cell-site location...more

No Knocking Necessary: Court Rules EEOC Can Enter Employer’s Premises Without Warrant Or Consent

by Seyfarth Shaw LLP on

Seyfarth Synopsis: Court ordered enforcement of the EEOC’s subpoena and authorized the Commission to conduct an on-site investigation without the employer’s consent. The EEOC has conducted on-site inspections of...more

An Important Check On The Abuse Of Government Authority

by McGuireWoods LLP on

As citizens of a nation founded on the rule of law, we depend upon law enforcement and prosecutors to protect us from harm and from those who infringe our liberty. In exchange for this protection, we permit these public...more

Cellphone Searches After Riley v. California: Will This Landmark Decision Transform Hallowed Fourth and Fifth Amendment...

SUMMARY - In a seminal decision, the U.S. Supreme Court held in Riley v. California and United States v. Wurie that police need a warrant justified by probable cause to search a cellphone seized incident to lawful...more

Federal Judge Rules Against NSA Telephone Surveillance Program

by King & Spalding on

On Monday, November 9, Judge Richard Leon of the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia ruled, in Klayman v. Obama, against part of the National Security Agency’s (“NSA”) surveillance program that collects domestic...more

You Can Check Out Any Time You Like… But Your Information Might Never Leave

by Seyfarth Shaw LLP on

When you check into a hotel, do you assume that the clerk asks for your license plate number to avoid accidentally towing your car? Or that guest services wants to know how many people are in your group to make sure that...more

Government Dismisses Its Case After Warrantless Airport Laptop Search

by Ifrah PLLC on

The government has voluntarily dismissed its case against Jae Shik Kim, the South Korean businessman for whom Ifrah Law obtained a motion to suppress in federal court. In 2012, Mr. Kim was stopped by federal agents as he...more

Telemedicine Prescribers Should Read This Case: U.S. vs. Zadeh

by Foley & Lardner LLP on

Health care providers who use telemedicine for remote prescribing of controlled substances should pay close attention to an important case currently pending at the Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals. The case will decide whether...more

Warrantless access to cell phone location data may be heard by the Supreme Court

A number of courts have considered whether the Fourth Amendment requires the government to obtain a warrant to access historical and/or real time cell phone geographic location information, known as CSLI. CSLI is cell site...more

U.S. Supreme Court Upholds Privacy Rights for Los Angeles Hotel Operators

by Wilson Elser on

In a win for privacy advocates, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that a City of Los Angeles municipal ordinance permitting warrantless police searches of hotel registries is unconstitutional. The subject ordinance (Los Angeles...more

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