Fraudulent Transfers

News & Analysis as of

Orrick's Financial Industry Week in Review

CFTC Announces Proposal to Amend the Definition of "Material Terms" - On September 10, the U.S. Commodity Futures Trading Commission Division announced that it will publish in the Federal Register a proposed amendment to...more

Third Circuit Reverses Denial of Class Certification in Complete Sham Telemarketing RICO Case

The United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit reversed the denial of class certification in a case brought against a bank and its payment processors that allegedly engaged in a fraudulent scheme to cause...more

Strong Arm Powers: Does Sovereign Immunity Trump a Claim Based on State Law?

Kohut v. Wayne County Treasurer (In re Lewiston), 528 B.R. 387 (Bankr. E.D. Mich. 2015) – The debtor made property tax payments on behalf of several real estate projects.  The chapter 7 trustee sought to recover those...more

Are All Fraudulent Transfers Unfair or Deceptive Acts?

Courts almost always treat fraud claims as per se (automatic) violations of N.C. Gen. Stat. § 75-1.1. Does that mean that fraudulent transfers of assets, likewise, automatically support recovery under section 75-1.1?...more

California’s New Voidable Transactions Act

California’s recently enacted Uniform Voidable Transactions Act (UVTA), makes it easier for creditors to recover assets that are transferred to third parties when a debtor is insolvent, even when there is no improper intent...more

Golf Channel to Get a Mulligan?

In a surprise move, the Fifth Circuit vacated its recent, controversial Golf Channel opinion, potentially giving the Golf Channel a second chance in a case that seemed lost. As I discussed in my previous post, the Fifth...more

Bankruptcy Avoidance Litigation Part I — Do I Really Have to Give That Payment Back?

(Part one in a two-part series on avoidance litigation in bankruptcy cases) While initial consumer and commercial bankruptcy filings have, in recent years, ebbed in the wake of the historic highs of the Great Recession,...more

CMS Investment Holdings, LLC v. Castle et al., C.A. No. 9468–VCP (Del. Ch. June 23, 2015) (Parsons, VC)

In this decision, the Delaware Court of Chancery largely declined to dismiss claims for breach of a limited liability company agreement, breach of the implied covenant of good faith and fair dealing, unjust enrichment, breach...more

Fraudulent Transfers Get an Update in California

Why it matters - With the enactment of the Uniform Voidable Transaction Act (UVTA) to supersede the Uniform Fraudulent Transfer Act (UFTA), California has put a fresh spin on the law of fraudulent transfers in the state....more

Bankruptcy Beat: An Emerging Trend: Bankruptcy Trustees Seeking to Claw Back Tuition Payments Made by Unsuspecting Parents

A developing trend in our nation’s bankruptcy courts has been the number of lawsuits filed or threatened by bankruptcy trustees to recover tuition payments made by a student’s parents when the parents later file for...more

Uniform Voidable Transactions Act Becomes Law (Almost)

(1985)On June 2, 1897, the New York Journal famously quoted Samuel Clemens (aka Mark Twain) as saying “The report of my death was an exaggeration”.   This widely quoted (and misquoted) denial was a riposte to a story that...more

$5.9 Million in Payments to Golf Channel Declared Out of Bounds

The Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals recently issued a decision that should make defendants in Ponzi cases shiver in their boots. The court said that the defendant, the Golf Channel, had to return nearly $6 million and that it...more

Despite Changing Economic Reality, Federal Court Holds Indian Tribes Have Sovereign Immunity in Bankruptcy, Absent Waiver

As the Indian gaming industry continues to thrive, Indian tribes are increasingly engaging in other commercial endeavors including banking, construction, energy, telecommunications, manufacturing, retail and more. Based on a...more

4 Reasons Bankruptcy Might Be a Very Bad Idea

For some filing for bankruptcy will not only bring a lot of much needed relief it is actually a smart financial step. Bankruptcy can clear away a lot of debt and truly provide a fresh start. However there are situations where...more

Tenth Circuit Affirms Clawback From Unsuspecting Recipient of Funds Under Uniform Fraudulent Transfer Act

The US Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit recently upheld the grant of summary judgment for the receiver of a business that was alleged to have participated in a Ponzi scheme, finding that the clawback of funds was...more

Fore! Ponzi Scheme Lands The Golf Channel In The Rough

Receivers handling Ponzi schemes and fraud cases are familiar with the concept of suing the “winners” in the scheme to recover transfers made to them in excess of their investment. Such suits are based on the theory that the...more

When A Parent Files For Bankruptcy Colleges May Forfeit Tuition Payments

While it is hard to imagine that a college or university could be forced to refund tuition paid years ago that enabled Student to receive a college education, this scenario is now playing out with increasing frequency. Many...more

Commercial Restructuring & Bankruptcy News - May 2015, Issue 2

In This Issue: - How Safe are the Bankruptcy Code Safe Harbors? - Stockton’s Chapter 9 Plan Approval - Delaware Chancery Court Clarifies Fiduciary Duties of Insolvent Corporation Directors in Derivative...more

Commercial Restructuring & Bankruptcy Alert - May 2015

In this issue: - How Safe are the Bankruptcy Code Safe Harbors? - Stockton’s Chapter 9 Plan Approval - Delaware Chancery Court Clarifies Fiduciary Duties of Insolvent Corporation Directors in Derivative...more

Two Recent Decisions Potentially Expand Fraudulent Transfer Exposure in Ponzi Schemes

Two recent decisions from the Fifth Circuit and Eighth Circuit could expand the fraudulent transfer exposure of unknowing third parties that provide goods, services, or funding to companies operating Ponzi...more

Section 546(e) Protects Two Tiered Securitization Structures

What happens when a debtor, whose loan is pooled and securitized, files for bankruptcy? Are payments made to investors recoverable as fraudulent transfers or preferences? Until recently, no published court opinion...more

Eighth Circuit Says Focus is on the Intent of the Debtor in Fraudulent Transfer Law, Does Not Address Ponzi Scheme Presumption

This case is the product of yet another dispute in the extensive, multi-billion dollar fraud perpetrated by Tom Petters. In 2005, as the sole board member of Petters Group Worldwide, LLC (“PGW”), Petters directed the...more

Tronox: The Weed that Choked a Flower – Lessons for Buyers on Remedies

As we noted in Parts 1 and 2 of this series, any buyer of assets from a company in any degree of financial stress should be concerned about the transaction being attacked as a fraudulent transfer. Officers and directors of a...more

The Fifth Circuit Shifts the Risk of Doing Business with Fraudulent Enterprises to Trade Creditors

When a debtor pays the market cost for goods and services provided to it by third-party vendors, these payments normally cannot be recovered as fraudulent transfers in the U.S. That is because the debtor receives reasonably...more

1031 exchange: a business strategy to defer capital gains tax, P.2

In our last post, we began speaking about the potential for businesses to take advantage of tax law to defer capital gains tax on business property they want to relinquish. One important thing to point out, though, is that...more

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