Title VII

Title VII of the Civil Rights Act is a United States federal law enacted in 1964 and aimed at preventing discrimination in the workplace on the basis of race, color, sex, national origin, and religion. Title VII... more +
Title VII of the Civil Rights Act is a United States federal law enacted in 1964 and aimed at preventing discrimination in the workplace on the basis of race, color, sex, national origin, and religion. Title VII has been subsequently extended to discrimination on the basis of pregnancy and sexual stereotypes and to prohibit sexual harassment. Title VII applies to all employers with fifteen or more employees including private employers, state and local governments, and educational institutions.  less -
News & Analysis as of

2014 Employment and Labor Law Final Exam Answer Key

Thank you to everyone who participated in this year’s Employment and Labor Law Final Exam. We hope the exam was challenging and informative. Congratulations to Margi Fleming and Danisha Sheppard. Both Margi and Danisha will...more

Volunteers Alleging Employment Status Lose Title VII Case, but Court Applies Vigorous Analysis First

Everyone’s looking for volunteers. The Salvation Army recruits helpers with the promise of “Doing the most good.” Volunteers of America invites participation by reminding the public “There are no limits to caring.” Even...more

Employment Client Alert: Punitive Damages Award in Title VII Sexual Harassment Case Does Not Violate Due Process

In State of Arizona v. ASARCO LLC, WL 6918577, published December 10, 2014, the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals held that an award of $300,000 in punitive damages did not violate due process even though no compensatory damages...more

Employment Law Advice You Should Never Follow

This is terrible advice on so many levels. First, an employee who doesn’t have even the relatively minimal income provided by unemployment is going to be that much more likely to sue you — as a matter of financial survival,...more

EEOC Consent Decree Ends Midway Neurological Pregnancy Discrimination Case

Federal Agency Charged Bridgeview Facility Illegally Fired Pregnant Social Worker - CHICAGO - Midway Neurological & Rehabilitation Center, a provider of short- and long- term medical and rehabilitation care located in...more

The Pregnancy Discrimination Act – Granting Equal Rights to Being Treated Poorly?

In 1978 Congress enacted the Pregnancy Discrimination Act (“PDA”) to amend Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 to prohibit sex discrimination on the basis of pregnancy. Why then in 2014, over forty-five years later, is...more

Employment Law Commentary -- Volume 26, Issue 11 -- Is She Really Allowed To Wear That? Religious Accommodation In The Workplace

Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 19641 prohibits discrimination based on religion and puts an affirmative obligation on an employer to accommodate employees’ religious practices. Issues involving religion arise in many...more

Responding to West-African Employees who Travel to Ebola-Affected Countries - Employee Rights vs. Public Health Concerns

Buried near the end of articles in the New York Times and The Washington Post about the first United States Ebola patient, Thomas Eric Duncan, was the observation that the quarantine being imposed on Mr. Duncan’s fiancée, her...more

Judicial Review of EEOC Conciliation Efforts

Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 mandates that “…if the EEOC [Equal Employment Opportunity Commission] finds that there is reasonable cause to believe a charge of discrimination against a private party it “shall...more

Transgender Employees: The New Protected Category?

By now, most employers are familiar with the list of categories protected from employment discrimination under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act: race, color, religion, national origin and sex. Additional categories are...more

Bullies at Work? It’s Time to Take Action Because It May Be More Common Than You Think

You may recall some recent high profile stories in the media involving teenagers committing suicide as a result of being bullied by their peers. However, bullying is not limited to the playground or teenagers engaged in...more

The Importance of Timing in Employment Terminations

There is a saying that “timing is everything,” and in some instances of employment termination, the timing, if not everything, may still be an important consideration....more

Sixth Circuit Remands Memphis Title VII Disparate Impact Case, Yet Again

It’s hard not to feel sorry for the residents of Memphis, Tennessee. Depending on which source you consult, its violent crime rate hovers between three and four times the national average, and various publications describe it...more

Despite settlement, EEOC continues and expands discrimination investigation

At this point, employers have become all too familiar with the new, aggressive enforcement agenda of the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. The agency’s systemic initiative to root out alleged discriminatory employment...more

Sixth Circuit Decision Confirms that Employers May Lawfully Choose Not to Hire a Job Applicant with a Prior History as a False...

Some employers in the health care and other industries who regularly deal with the federal government and are subject to the False Claims Act (“FCA”) have felt helpless in trying to weed out serial whistleblowers in the...more

Waiting for the Dust to Settle: Mach Mining and the Future of the EEOC's Duty to Conciliate in Good-Faith Prior to Civil...

In 2013, individuals filed more than 100,000 charges of Title VII violations with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (“EEOC” or “Commission”), thousands of which the EEOC has -- and continues -- to aggressively...more

Asking about religion accommodations

An employer’s obligation to raise the issue of potential accommodations for religious discrimination under Title VII will soon receive clarification, as the U.S. Supreme Court is set to hear E.E.O.C. v. Abercrombie & Fitch...more

Which Petard?

Title VII says a union may not refuse to refer a person for work on discriminatory grounds. In a recent case, the plaintiff alleged that, because of her sex, her union never referred her to a job driving for movie production...more

Volunteers Are Not “Employees” Protected From Employment Discrimination Under Title VII

Many non-profit organizations, public agencies, and other employers rely upon volunteers. But what happens when an organization decides to terminate a volunteer’s affiliation with it because of the volunteer’s religion? ...more

10 Tips for Using Social Media during the Hiring Process

Many human resource professionals go beyond the use of traditional resumes, references and face-to-face interviews and turn to social media to gain additional insight into a candidate's qualifications and personality....more

ACM Services to Pay $415,000 to Settle EEOC Class Race, Gender Discrimination and Harassment Suit

Contractor Shunned Blacks and Women for Jobs, and Harassed and Fired Two Women for Opposing the Discrimination, Federal Agency Charged - BALTIMORE - ACM Services, Inc., a Rockville, Md.-based environmental remediation...more

Lopez v. City of Lawrence Decision Criticizes “Disparate Impact” Analysis

In the context of analyzing a Title VII Civil Rights and Massachusetts law “disparate impact” claim, a federal court has cast considerable doubt on the efficacy of statistical tools employed in “disparate impact” analysis. In...more

Lactation Discrimination and Accommodation Becomes a New Hot Topic for Federal Agencies and Courts

The recent pregnancy accommodation Guidance from the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission ("EEOC") makes it clear that discrimination against a female employee who is lactating or breastfeeding is illegal, in violation of...more

Understanding an Employer’s Obligations When Domestic Violence Affects the Workplace

Over the past few months, the media has reported extensively about several incidents of domestic violence involving professional athletes. While these high-profile cases generate huge attention, it is important to remember...more

Expansion of Title VII Protection to LGBT Employees

As 2014 comes to a close, it has become quite clear that there is a legal trend towards expanding Title VII protection to LGBT employees. Earlier this year, the Employee Non-Discrimination Act (ENDA) was proposed to ban...more

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