Intent

News & Analysis as of

Application of Home Country Inheritance Law

The Personal Status Law provides in Art. 1(2) the general rule that" the provisions of this law shall apply to non-UAE nationals" and the exception that "unless the foreigner elects to apply his or her personal status law"....more

Wealth Management Update - September 2016

September Interest Rates for GRATs, Sales to Defective Grantor Trusts, Intra-Family Loans and Split Interest Charitable Trusts - The September § 7520 rate for use with estate planning techniques such as CRTs, CLTs, QPRTs...more

Massachusetts Enacts New Pay Equity Law

Summary - Massachusetts Governor Charlie Baker signed a pay equity bill into law on August 1, 2016. The law is intended to strengthen existing law by promoting compensation transparency, limiting questions to job...more

Ninth Circuit Rules that CFAA Imposes Criminal Penalties When Terminated Users Try To Access Systems With Borrowed Passwords

It can be a violation of the federal Computer Fraud and Abuse Act (“CFAA”) to “access[] a protected computer without authorization.” The CFAA clearly applies when criminals with no connection to a company try to force their...more

Corporate Investigations and White Collar Defense - June 2016

Eye on the Supreme Court—Corruption and Fraud Edition - Why it matters: This session, the Supreme Court has undertaken the review of numerous cases that raise thorny issues arising in the white collar context. In our...more

Second Circuit Holds Insurers Have Duty to Defend Data Trap Lawsuit

In its recent decision in Nat’l Fire Ins. Co. v. E. Mishan & Sons, Inc., 2016 U.S. App. LEXIS 10151 (2d Cir. June 1, 2016), the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit, applying New York law, had occasion to...more

Mens Rea in Bank Fraud? U.S. Supreme Court to Decide

In April the U.S. Supreme Court announced its plan to take a new case involving the relevance of intent in bank fraud. In the fall the Supreme Court will rule in Shaw v. United States whether prosecutors are required to prove...more

Second Circuit Deals Blow to Government’s Use of FIRREA as an Enforcement Tool

When does a breach of contract amount to fraud? Last week the Second Circuit answered this question and reversed a $1.27 billion judgment against Bank of America and a $1 million judgment against a former executive for their...more

Tax Law Blog: More Issues for Prince's Lack of Estate Planning

I’m not typically one to follow pop culture, but in the case of Prince’s lack of an estate plan, I’m following closely how this can serve as an example of how not to do your estate plan. An earlier post discussed the...more

In a Major FIRREA Victory for the Banks, the Second Circuit Overturns $1.27 Billion Jury Verdict

On Monday, the Second Circuit overturned a jury verdict and $1.27 billion penalty against Bank of America imposed under the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery, and Enforcement Act of 1989 (FIRREA), 12 U.S.C. § 1833a....more

Bank Fraud Statute Returns to Supreme Court

Does the federal bank fraud statute require proof of an intent to deceive a bank as well as cheat it out of some of its funds? What happened - The U.S. Supreme Court has agreed to answer this question in Shaw v....more

Second Circuit: Intent to Harm Is Not Required for Criminal Conviction Under Investment Advisers Act

On May 4, 2016, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit affirmed the fraud conviction of a registered investment adviser and held that proof of intent to harm is not an element of a criminal conviction under section...more

Michigan Consumer Protection Act Claims Do Not Require Proof of Intent to Deceive

Because the Michigan Consumer Protection Act (MCPA) was derivative of common law fraud, many have argued that all claims brought under the MCPA require a plaintiff to prove fraud-like elements in order to create liability...more

Ill Will Not Required – Court Finds Disability Discrimination Even Where Employer Acted In Good Faith

On February 25, 2016, the Court of Appeal for the Fifth Appellate District held that employees can prove disability discrimination without having to show the employer acted intentionally or in bad faith. The Court held that...more

Determining An Intent To Dispose Under CERCLA Remains a Puzzlement

Determining when a person has “arranged” for the disposal of a hazardous substance has long been difficult. The Supreme Court brought some clarity to the issue in Burlington Northern, when it said that...more

Entertainment and Media Litigation Update - October 2015

The "Dancing Baby" Case—Ninth Circuit Rules That "Fair Use" Must First Be Considered Before Sending Takedown Notices Under the DMCA - Why it matters: On September 14, 2015, the Ninth Circuit ruled in Lenz v. Universal...more

Fifth Circuit Tips Its Hand as to Analysis of FLSA’s Tip Credit

Restaurants throughout the Fifth Circuit, and even beyond, should review the recent decision of Montano v. Montrose Restaurant, which discusses the often tricky and always fact-intensive question of whether a restaurant...more

Five Surprising Facts About the Inclusive Communities Case

In the Supreme Court’s recent, landmark decision in Texas Department of Housing & Community Affairs v. Inclusive Communities Project, Inc., 576 U.S. ___, 2015 WL 2473449 (Jun. 25, 2015), the Court held that, while disparate...more

Whose Intent to Evade Tax Is It?

On July 29, 2015, the Federal Circuit, rejecting the Tax Court’s decision in Allen v. Commissioner, 128 T.C. 37 (2007), held in BASR Partnership v. United States, No. 2014-5037, that section 6501(c)’s suspension of the...more

Supreme Court Requires Proof of Criminal Intent Even If Facebook Threats Are Obvious to a Reasonable Person

On June 1, 2015, in Elonis v. United States, ____ U.S. ___ (2015) (Docket #13-983), a case involving statements made on the Criminal Defendant/Petitioner’s Facebook page, the U.S. Supreme Court reversed the Third Circuit’s...more

Meeting of the Minds at the Inbox: Some Pitfalls of Contracting via Email

We have had a number of clients run into issues relating to whether or not an email exchange constituted a binding contract. This issue comes up regularly when informality creeps into negotiations conducted electronically,...more

Come What May: The Power of Testimony in Domicile Cases

One of the more interesting aspects I’ve seen in residency cases in my practice is the importance and understanding of a taxpayer’s intent in the overall analysis. That’s part of what makes residency cases so unique. There...more

SCOTUS rules Facebook posts not threatening without intent

The Supreme Court of the United States of America (SCOTUS) ruled on June 1, 2015, that violent Facebook posts of a husband about killing his wife with a mortar launcher and blowing up FBI agents cannot be considered...more

Insider Trading Recklessness and Kevin Love’s Shoulder

A couple of weeks ago I expressed skepticism about the ultimate impact of Judge Rakoff’s recent opinion in SEC v. Payton. In it, he held that for purposes of a motion to dismiss, the SEC had adequately alleged insider...more

U.S. Sentencing Commission Approves Major Changes to Fraud Guidelines - The Updates Could Significantly Affect White Collar...

On April 9, 2015, the United States Sentencing Commission voted to approve changes to §2B1.1 of the sentencing guidelines. The changes will take effect on Nov. 1, 2015, unless Congress objects. If they go into effect, these...more

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