Investment Company Act of 1940

News & Analysis as of

SEC Issues Report on Increasing Use of Outsourced Chief Compliance Officers

In November 2015, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) released its Outsourced CCO Initiative Report. The report addressed the increased trend of outsourcing compliance activities to third-party consultants within the...more

SEC Amends Rule 2a-7 to Eliminate References to NRSRO Ratings and to Revise Issuer Diversification Requirements

The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) recently adopted amendments (Amendments) to remove references to credit ratings in Rule 2a-7 under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended (1940 Act), the primary rule...more

SEC Finalizes Regulation Crowdfunding

The United States Securities and Exchange Commission has issued final rules on Regulation Crowdfunding. Our summary is set forth below. The final rules and forms are effective 180 days after publication in the Federal...more

Following the Wisdom of the Crowd? A Look at the SEC’s Final Crowdfunding Rules

In this alert, we provide a detailed overview of the final rules, Regulation Crowdfunding, which will be applicable to crowdfunding offerings conducted in reliance on Section 4(a)(6) of the Securities Act of 1933 as amended...more

A Compilation of Enforcement and Non-Enforcement Actions

Non-Enforcement - SEC Decides Against Mounting an Appeal in Koch Ruling - The July 2015 ruling by the D.C. Circuit Court in Koch v. SEC will apparently not be challenged by the SEC. The Court ruled in that...more

U.S. SEC Proposes Liquidity Risk Management Programs, Optional “Swing Pricing,” and Liquidity Reporting for Mutual Funds and...

On September 22, 2015, the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) proposed a new rule and amendments to rules and reporting forms under the Investment Company Act of 1940 (the “1940 Act”), designed to standardize...more

Corporate Investigations & White Collar Defense - October 2015

"Wherefore Art Thou Due Process?" Part III - Why it matters: It is time for another installment in our continuing "Wherefore Art Thou Due Process?" coverage into the ongoing constitutional challenges to the SEC's...more

SEC Enforcement Actions Against Investment Advisers

According to the SEC’s most recent financial report, as of August 2014, SEC-registered investment advisers managed $62.3 trillion in assets. Not surprisingly, investment advisers attract a great deal of attention from the...more

Observation 3.0: Frequently Asked Questions and Answers on the Volcker Rule and the Implications for Foreign Banks Investing in...

1. Question: What is the Volcker Rule, and when does it take effect? Answer: The Volcker Rule was enacted into law as section 619 of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2010 (Dodd-Frank...more

Ninth Circuit Affirms Dismissal of '40 Act Section 36(b) Excessive Fee Action Against Davis

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit recently affirmed the dismissal of an amended complaint asserted by a shareholder of the Davis New York Venture Fund (the “Fund”) under section 36(b) of the Investment Company...more

Financial Services Quarterly Report - Third Quarter 2015: Developing and Maintaining a Modern U.S. Compliance Program

When the SEC adopted Rules 38a-1 under the Investment Company Act of 1940 (Investment Company Act) and 206(4)-7 under the Investment Advisers Act of 1940 (Advisers Act) in 2003 – which required registered funds and registered...more

SEC Proposes Liquidity Management Rules for Open-End and Exchange-Traded Funds

On September 22, 2015, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) voted to propose a new Rule 22e-4 under the Investment Company Act of 1940 (the 1940 Act), as well as amendments to its rules and forms designed to promote...more

Financial Services Quarterly Report - Third Quarter 2015: Recent Developments in U.S. “Excessive Fee” Litigation

The U.S. mutual fund industry is poised to see significant developments in the ongoing wave of Section 36(b) “excessive fee” litigation. Days apart in August, the Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals affirmed the grant of summary...more

SEC Reconsiders Exchange-Traded Products

The SEC recently published myriad questions about the listing, trading, and marketing (especially to retail investors) of "new, novel, or complex" exchange-traded products (ETPs). Such ETPs include exchange-traded funds...more

SEC Proposes Liquidity Management Rules for Mutual Funds and ETFs

On September 22, the Securities and Exchange Commission proposed a comprehensive package of rule reforms designed to enhance effective liquidity risk management by open-end funds, including mutual funds and exchange-traded...more

SEC Announces First “Distribution in Guise” Case

The Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) on September 21, 2015, brought the first of its long-awaited “distribution in guise” cases against a mutual fund adviser and distributor. The case follows a number of warnings...more

SEC Proposes Liquidity Risk Management Rules for Open-End Funds

In the second step of its five-part plan to enhance registered funds regulations, the SEC has proposed new requirements on portfolio liquidity, risk monitoring, and board oversight. At an open meeting held on September...more

Financial Services Weekly News - September 2015 #4

Regulatory Developments - NYDFS Announces Approval of First BitLicense Application from a Virtual Currency Firm: The New York State Department of Financial Services (NYDFS) announced Sept. 22 that it has approved...more

SEC Charges Adviser and Distributor in Connection with Distribution Fee Sweep

On Monday, September 21, 2015, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) charged a New York-based investment adviser and its affiliated distributor with misusing mutual funds’ assets to pay distribution and marketing...more

The SEC Releases the First Distribution-In-Guise Enforcement Action Concerning Fund Assets Used to Pay For Marketing and...

The SEC’s order provides significant guidance on how the SEC staff will scrutinize the propriety of payments made pursuant to commonly occurring agreements between mutual funds and their service providers and with respect to...more

The New SEC Enforcement Initiative

The SEC announced another new initiative. It is known as the “Distribution-in-Guise Initiative.” This initiative focuses on preserving the assets of mutual funds for its shareholders, apparently by ensuring that fund managers...more

Cybersecurity Update: National Futures Association Proposes Cybersecurity Guidance Setting Forth General Requirements for Member...

The National Futures Association (“NFA”) submitted to the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (“CFTC”) on August 28, 2015 a proposed Interpretive Notice (“Proposed Guidance”) for CFTC’s approval, which provides guidance to...more

FinCEN Proposes BSA/AML Rules for Investment Advisers (Again)

On Tuesday, August 25, 2015, the Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN), a bureau of the U.S. Treasury Department, issued a notice of proposed rulemaking that would bring certain investment advisers under the umbrella...more

Seventh Circuit Affirms District Court on Remand in Jones v. Harris Associates

In Jones v. Harris Associates L.P., the Supreme Court adopted the Gartenberg standard for cases brought under Section 36(b) of the Investment Company Act of 1940: “[T]o face liability... an investment adviser must charge a...more

Seventh Circuit Issues Excessive Fee Decision In Harris Case

The Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals issued a decision on August 6, 2015, in the case of Jones v. Harris Associates L.P. on remand from the United States Supreme Court. The case was actually remanded to the Circuit Court in...more

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