Investment Company Act of 1940

News & Analysis as of

"Another Mutual Fund Adviser Prevails at Trial in Excessive Fee Litigation"

Following a four-day bench trial, Judge Renee Marie Bumb of the U.S. District Court for the District of New Jersey ruled in favor of an adviser on claims brought under Section 36(b) of the Investment Company Act by investors...more

Capital Formation Bills Approved by House and Senate Committees

On March 9, 2017, a number of bipartisan bills designed to promote capital raising for companies were approved by the House Financial Services Committee and the Senate Committee on Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs. ...more

Federal Court Issues Trial Ruling in Section 36(b) “Manager of Managers” Lawsuit: Second Consecutive Opinion Finding Plaintiffs...

The U.S. District Court for the District of New Jersey recently issued its post-trial ruling in Kasilag et al. v. Hartford Investment Financial Services, LLC et al. The Hartford ruling is the second post-trial Section 36(b)...more

SEC Issues Guidance to Ease Fund Implementation of “Clean Shares”

In January, we authored a post discussing an SEC no-action letter, dated January 11, 2017, to Capital Group (the “Capital Group Letter”), the parent company of American Funds. In the Capital Group Letter, the SEC agreed that...more

Personal Advice for Robo-Advisers: Beef Up Disclosure and Compliance

Robo-advisers, those automated bots that offer up personalized investment advice with little, if any, human contact, face increased regulatory scrutiny as they grow more popular. After monitoring and engaging them for...more

Efficiency at What Cost? Advantages of a Separate Board for ETFs

Exchange-traded fund (ETF) products and sales have proliferated dramatically in the past five years and the trend promises to continue. It is no surprise then that established mutual fund companies have been eager to enter...more

SEC Staff Clarifies Application of 1940 Act Section 22(d) to Brokers Selling Clean Shares of Mutual Funds

In response to a request for interpretative guidance, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission staff (staff) advised on January 11, 2017 that Section 22(d) of the Investment Company Act of 1940 does not prevent a broker...more

Debt Dialogue: January 2017

This month’s issue of Debt Dialogue address handover of records to a substitute collateral manager (in the Tilton litigation), the EU bail-in rules, the interplay of Section 3(c)(7) of the Investment Company Act and rights of...more

Effects of the DOL Fiduciary Rule Reach Mutual Fund Industry

The Department of Labor finalized the so-called “Fiduciary Rule” in April 2016 and announced it would go into effect in April 2017. Since the finalization of the Fiduciary Rule, the annuities, brokerage, and advisory...more

Mutual Funds Come Clean: Brokers Can Set Fund Share Sales Charges

The staff of the SEC’s Division of Investment Management effectively allowed brokers to determine the commissions they will charge their customers who buy “Clean Shares” of mutual funds. In a “no-action” letter...more

SEC Staff Allows Brokers to Set Fund Commissions with “Clean Shares”

The SEC’s Division of Investment Management issued a no-action letter on January 11, 2017 explicitly permitting brokers to set their own commission rates for sales of so-called “clean shares” of mutual funds. Previously, as...more

New Year, Similar Priorities: SEC Announces 2017 OCIE Areas of Focus

On January 12, 2017 the SEC announced its Office of Compliance Inspections and Examinations (OCIE) priorities for the year, including areas of focus for Retail Investors, Senior Investors and Retirement Investments,...more

Regulatory Update and Recent SEC Enforcement Actions

FINRA Bar Results from Assertion of Fifth Amendment Right against Self-Incrimination in Criminal Action - On October 5, 2016, the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (“FINRA”) barred an indicted investment adviser,...more

My 2017 Crowdfunding Wish List

2016 brought with it many developments in the crowdfunding industry, most notably the introduction of the long-awaited Title III crowdfunding rules. While admittedly not all crowdfunding legislation passed this year was as...more

SEC Staff Issues Guidance on Fund Fee Structure Disclosures

In a Guidance Update published on December 15, 2016, the staff of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission’s (SEC) Division of Investment Management (Staff) articulated its views as to certain disclosure issues and...more

Commercial Mortgage Loans and CMBS: Developments in the European Market – Chapter 20

In late 2011 and early 2012, the fragile green shoots of recovery began to peek out from the barren blasted heath of the crisis-blown financial markets. Market activity was spurred by a rare confluence of secular trends,...more

SEC Adopts New Rules to Modernize and Enhance Information Reported by Registered Investment Companies

On October 13, 2016, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) adopted new rules and forms and amended current rules and forms under the Investment Company Act of 1940 (1940 Act) to significantly expand the...more

House Passes Creating Financial Prosperity for Businesses and Investors Act

On Monday, the House of Representatives passed the Creating Financial Prosperity for Businesses and Investors Act (H.R. 6427) (the “Act”) by a vote of 398 to 2. The Act is actually a compilation of six measures that were...more

U.S. District Court: Fund Trustees Cannot Rely on Attorney-Client Privilege in Section 36(b) Case

A federal district court has ordered mutual fund trustees to produce privileged documents to a plaintiff who sued an investment adviser accused of charging excessive investment advisory fees. The November 21, 2016 order may...more

California’s Private Fund Adviser Exemption

Before the enactment of the Dodd-Frank Act in 2010, many advisers to alternative investment vehicles, such as hedge funds, private-equity funds, and venture capital funds relied on the Section 203(b)(3) exemption from...more

"Plaintiffs Facing Headwinds in Pending Mutual Fund Fee Litigation"

With the first-filed cases at or near completion, the results are not looking good for the plaintiffs in the latest wave of mutual fund fee litigation. Defendants prevailed after trial in one of those cases and achieved...more

The Trump Administration: Change By Appointment

The election of Donald J. Trump as the 45th President of the United States, along with the Republican control of the majority of both the House of Representatives and the Senate, will likely result in significant changes in...more

New FINRA Capital Acquisition Broker Rules May Offer Limited Relief to Private Investment Fund Advisers

The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) recently approved a Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (“FINRA”) proposal to adopt a new regime for the regulation of electing broker-dealer firms that meet the...more

Summary of New SEC Requirements for Open-End Fund Liquidity Risk Management and Amendments to Permit Use of “Swing Pricing”

On October 13, 2016, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (Commission) unanimously adopted regulatory changes that require open-end funds, including traditional mutual funds and exchange-traded funds, to establish...more

New Liquidity and Swing Pricing Rules for US Mutual Funds

On October 13, 2016, a unanimous US Securities and Exchange Commission adopted far-reaching rules intended to address mutual fund liquidity risks. On the same day and by a divided (two to one) vote, the SEC adopted new mutual...more

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