Limited Liability Companies

News & Analysis as of

Montana Law Revised To Allow Captives To Organize As Limited Liability Companies

On April 28, 2015, Montana Governor Steve Bullock signed into law amendments to Montana’s law regarding captive insurers. Significantly, the amendments make it possible for public entities in Montana to set up captives....more

Inconsistent Positions Appear to Contribute to Interlocutory-Appeal Denial

In The Renco Group v. MacAndrews AMG Holdings LLC (Del. Ch. Apr. 20, 2015), the Delaware Court of Chancery denied a motion for interlocutory appeal of a decision dismissing the plaintiff's breach of fiduciary duty, aiding and...more

Delaware Court of Chancery Holds Forum Selection Clause Trumps Prior-Filed Action Doctrine

The Delaware Court of Chancery recently upheld a non-exclusive forum selection clause and denied a motion to dismiss despite a prior-filed action pending in a different state based on largely the same claims. In 2013,...more

Hampton v. Turner, C.A. No. 8963-VCN (Del. Ch. Apr. 29, 2015) (Noble, V.C.)

In a letter opinion analyzing how provisions of a limited liability company operating agreement fit together, the Court of Chancery denied defendants’ motion for summary judgment as to plaintiffs’ claim for judicial...more

Court Sorts Out California RULLCA Transition Muddle

Monday, I wrote about Kennedy v. Kennedy, 2015 Cal. App. LEXIS 329 (Apr. 20, 2015).  That post discussed the Court of Appeal’s holding that under the General Corporation Law the dismissal of a cause of action for involuntary...more

Member Rights in Kentucky Limited Liability Companies

All members of Kentucky Limited Liability Companies, whether they hold a majority or minority membership interest, have rights under Kentucky statutory and common law, but these rights may be modified, curtailed or extended...more

Court Of Chancery Explains LLC Agreement

A repeat issue with using the LLC form of entity is trying to figure out what the LLC agreement means. This decision is another example of the Court sorting through conflicting interpretations that must have surprised at...more

Court Of Chancery Permits Equitable Dissolution

In this precedent-setting decision, the Court upholds the right of an assignee of an LLC interest to petition for its dissolution....more

Limited Liability Companies: Handle Bankrupt LLC Members With Care

Walro v. The Lee Group Holding Co., LLC (In re Lee), 524 B.R. 798 (Bankr. S.D. Ind. 2014) – A chapter 7 trustee sought a court determination that (1) a debtor’s voting rights in a limited liability company (LLC) were...more

An S-Election for Your LLC: Is it Really the Best of Both Worlds?

For entrepreneurs who want to set up a company and avoid double taxation (i.e., taxation of amounts earned by the company and then taxation of the owners when they receive payments from the company), the choice often comes...more

Guaranteed Payments: the Equivalent of a Salary for LLC Members and Partners

Absent special elections to be taxed differently, partnerships and limited liability companies (referred to herein as “entities”) with two or more partners or members (referred to herein as “owners”) are taxed on a...more

Abolition of resident representative requirement for subsidiaries of foreign companies in Japan

In an effort to boost foreign investments in Japan, the Cabinet Office recently resolved to eliminate the residency requirements for representatives of Japanese subsidiaries of foreign companies. The change took effect on...more

Partnerships – TMP Must Be a Partner

With April 15th rapidly approaching, I thought I would address a common question that I receive this time of year. Who can be the tax matters partner of a partnership?...more

Single Member Limited Liability Companies – Tax Issues

I commonly meet taxpayers who are the sole owners of their businesses who wish to incorporate or form a limited liability company (LLC) for legal purposes but may not understand that their decision may have unintended tax...more

Franchising for the Greater Good

Nonprofit organizations and business franchises operate in separate worlds.  But sometimes those worlds meet in a way that can be mutually beneficial.  When the franchise benefits the mission of the nonprofit, the...more

Bankruptcy Beat: Single Asset Real Estate Debtor Could Not Show That Plan with Substantial Balloon Payment had a Realistic Chance...

At issue in GRG Acquisitions, LLC v. MDM Golf of Gillette Ridge, LLC (In re MDM Golf of Gillette Ridge, LLC), Case No. 14-21565 (ASD) (December 23, 2014), was whether relief from the automatic stay should be granted to a...more

Start-Up Pack (Belgium)

In This Issue: - Welcome - An introduction to key legal documents for start-ups - Glossary of useful venture capital and company terms - A step-by-step guide to setting up a company in Belgium - A shareholders’...more

Act 31/2004, Amending The Companies Act (“Ley De Sociedades De Capital”) - Improvement of Corporate Governance

Act 31/2014, of 3 December, amending the Capital Companies Act for the improvement of corporate governance, as published in the Official State Gazette (BOE) of 4 December 2014, has introduced significant changes in Spanish...more

Superior Court of New Jersey Pierces the “LLC” Veil, Holding Sole Member Liable for Environmental Liabilities

On February 26, 2015, in Coty US LLC v. 680 S. 17th Street LLC, the Superior Court of New Jersey, Chancery Division, pierced the veil of a New Jersey limited liability company and held its sole member liable for environmental...more

Protecting an LLC From A Wayward Member While Maintaining SBA Eligibility

When creating a limited liability company (“LLC”), members are often so concerned with getting the company established–and anticipating problems that may arise with third parties, be it suppliers or customers–that they fail...more

New York Labor Law Amendments Put LLCs and Their Members on the Front Line

The New York State Legislature passed a bill on June 19, 2013, intended to update New York’s labor law, including the Wage Theft Protection Act (WTPA). The bill (A 8106-C, S5885-B), signed into law by Governor Andrew Cuomo on...more

What is a Security? Even the SEC Can’t Always Tell

On February 27, 2015, an Administrative Law Judge (ALJ) determined that, contrary to claims by the SEC, interests in an LLC that invested in conservation easements as a tax deduction mechanism were not “securities” within the...more

Are LLC Interests Securities in California?

Does California consider membership interests in a limited liability company to be securities? There are two correct answers to this question – yes and no. As I discussed a few years back, the California Corporate Securities...more

Locke Lord QuickStudy: Choice of Entity Considerations

Starting a business can be a daunting but rewarding challenge. One of the key decisions at the early stages of a new business is how to structure your business – i.e., what legal entity to form in order to carry on your...more

Court Of Chancery Upholds Arbitration Clause In LLC Agreement After Conversion

This is an interesting decision because it deals with whether an LLC agreement requiring arbitration may be enforced even after the LLC was converted into a corporation that lacks such an arbitration clause....more

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