Limited Liability Companies

News & Analysis as of

A Cautionary Tale: Members of a Defunct LLC May Have Liability For Attorney Fees

In CB Richard Ellis Inc. v. Terra Nostra Consultants the California Court of Appeal for the Fourth Appellate District decided an interesting issue concerning the liability of an LLC member for a fee award imposed against the...more

Member-Employees of Limited Liability Companies

Every now and then, the question arises: can an owner of a limited liability company (LLC) also be an employee of that company? The answer boils down to how the LLC elects to be taxed. ...more

Tax Me Once - December 2014

A Creative – If Complex – Route to Tax Savings When Going Public For technology and other startups, going public can be doubly taxing—literally....more

Structuring an Agreement Among Owners

When forming a new technology company, there are very few documents as important (and unfortunately, as overlooked) as a Shareholders’ Agreement. The discussion in this post is couched as an agreement among shareholders of a...more

California Tax Developments - A Reed Smith Quarterly Update (3rd Quarter 2014)

Case Updates - Court finds ownership of LLC membership interest does not constitute doing business in California On November 14, the Fresno County Superior Court determined that Swart, an Iowa-based corporation with a...more

SEC Files Action Based on Misappropriation of Pre-IPO Shares

The SEC filed a fraud action based on the misappropriation of shares of a private firm held by investors through an LLC. The shares were then resold and reissued to other investors. SEC v. Kumar, Civil Action No. 23145 (N.D....more

Why Am I Taxed Now on My Future Receipts: The Woes of a Profits Interest

Companies often grant stock options to incentivize employees and so that their interests are aligned with the future success of the company, and partnerships (and limited liability companies taxed as partnerships) are no...more

Judge Rules Against FTB In “Doing Business” Definition

Over a year ago, I wrote about an Iowa corporation, Swart Enterprises, Inc., which operates a 60 acre farm in Kansas. Swart has no physical presence in California. It owns no real or personal property in California. However,...more

Limited Liability Company Members May Be Held Liable After a “De Facto” Dissolution of the Entity

Court Of Appeal, Fourth Appellate District (October 7, 2014)- One of the advantages of the Limited Liability Company (“LLC”) structure is, not surprisingly, that it generally limits the liabilities of its Members. One...more

The NC Business Court Rules On Recovering Attorneys' Fees In A Derivative Action Against An LLC

In this week's opinion in Ekren v. K&E Real Estate Investments, 2014 NCBC 56, Judge Bledsoe outlined how a derivative action plaintiff can recover attorneys' fees....more

(INFOGRAPHIC) Amalgamation of Interests - or How to Ensure You Wasted Time Setting Up Multiple Project Companies

There is a fairly customary practice in real estate development and construction intended to take advantage of the liability protections afforded by the Uniform Limited Liability Company Act. The practice is very...more

Business Entity Alphabet Soup – GP, LP, JV, LLC, C, S, QSSS – What do they mean?

As government contractors, the business universe is likely filled with familiar acronyms. However, one may not be as familiar with the meaning behind the alphabet letters that comprise the different business entities in the...more

Orrick's Financial Industry Week in Review

EBA Consults on RTS on Contractual Recognition of Write-Down and Conversion Powers under BRRD - On November 5, the European Banking Authority (EBA) published a consultation paper on draft regulatory technical standards...more

MoFo New York Tax Insights - Volume 5, Issue 11 - November 2014

In This Issue: - Court Orders Department of Finance to Release Corporate Tax Return Records to City Comptroller - ALJ Upholds State Tax Department Policy on Personal Liability of LLC Members for Sales...more

Documentary Transfer Tax May Be Imposed When A Change of Ownership Occurs For Property Tax Purposes Due To A Transfer Of Ownership...

The Revenue and Taxation Code permits the imposition of a documentary transfer tax when there is "realty sold." The Code also requires entities to report a "change in ownership" of legal entities. In 926 North Ardmore...more

Making The Right Choice For Your Business Entity

It has been said that plans are nothing, but planning is everything. Nowhere is this truer than in selecting the most appropriate legal entity for your new business....more

Another Bankruptcy Proofing Strategy Bites the Dust, or Does It?

In an effort to minimize the risk of loss in connection with a loan default, lenders often employ creative means to make it difficult, if not impossible, for a borrower to file bankruptcy....more

Court of Appeal Holds Transfer Tax Applies to Legal Entity Changes in Ownership

In 926 North Ardmore Avenue, LLC v. County of Los Angeles, the 2nd District Court of Appeal held that Proposition 13 changes in ownership prompted by transfers of legal entity interests should also be characterized as “realty...more

Court Of Appeal Embraces De Facto LLC Dissolution

Under the former Beverly-Killea Limited Liability Company Act, a limited liability company was dissolved upon the first to occur of any of the following three events...more

Disregarded Entity May Select Different Accounting Method than its Owner

In a recent Chief Counsel Advice (“CCA”), the IRS determined that a disregarded entity for federal income tax purposes (the “LLC”) operated a separate and distinct trade or business from that of its owner (the “Company”) and...more

IRS: Investment Fund Managers are Subject to Self-Employment Tax

The Office of Chief Counsel of the Internal Revenue Service (the "IRS") recently issued internal guidance in the form of a Chief Counsel Advice (the "CCA") indicating that the IRS has taken the position that the "limited...more

Joint Venture Critical Issues: Formation, Governance, Competition And Exits

The joint venture is a vehicle for the development of a business opportunity by two or more entities acting together, and will exist if the parties have: (1) a community of interest in the venture, (2) an agreement to share...more

IRS Considers Whether Management Fees of an LLC Are Subject to Self-Employment Tax

A recent response by the Internal Revenue Service Chief Counsel (CCA) to an inquiry from one of its field office agents addressed the question of whether management fees earned by an investment manager organized as a limited...more

The Florida Revised Limited Liability Company Act Action may be required by Florida LLCs by December 31, 2014

In 2013, the Florida Legislature adopted the Revised Florida Limited Liability Act. The Revised LLC Act restates the Florida laws governing LLCs in an entirely new Chapter 605, which succeeds the prior LLC Act found in...more

Corporate and Financial Weekly Digest - Volume IX, Issue 37

In this issue: - Council of Institutional Investors Issues Report on Board Evaluation Disclosure - FINRA Revises Proposal to Adopt Consolidated FINRA Rule 2231 - IRS Considers Whether Management Fees of...more

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