Limited Liability Companies

News & Analysis as of

Third Circuit Challenges Supreme Court to Reconsider Whether an LLC’s Citizenship Should Be Based on Its Members

Action Item: An LLC’s state of organization and principal place of business are legally irrelevant for purposes of determining diversity jurisdiction in the Third Circuit. Despite the practical difficulties this law imposes...more

Raising Capital? Don’t Forget about SEC Filings (It’s Not as Difficult as It Sounds)

The mention of "securities law and regulations" is a common, but daunting phrase that many entrepreneurs hear when they are attempting to raise money from investors for their companies. Under federal securities laws, any sale...more

Are LLC Owners Subject to Medicare Tax on Their Distributive Shares?

In a typical employer-employee relationship, the employer and employee each pay half of the Medicare tax due. However, the owners (called “members”) of a limited liability company (“LLC”) are usually considered self-employed...more

UK tax treatment of US LLCs: HMRC responds to the Supreme Court’s decision in Anson v HMRC

Executive Summary - Her Majesty’s Revenue & Customs (HMRC) has now published its response to the U.K. Supreme Court’s recent judgment in Anson v HMRC. The response confirms that HMRC will continue its existing practice...more

Louisiana Fourth Circuit Holds Public Bid Invalid Absent Written Evidence of Authority to Sign Bid

Contractors that bid public projects in Louisiana are familiar with the Public Bid Law's requirement that "[w]ritten evidence of authority of the person signing the bid for public works shall be submitted at the time of...more

Chancery Dismisses Complaint for Failure to Allege Noncompliance

A principal difference between alternative entities and corporations under Delaware law is the ability in the former to modify or eliminate fiduciary duties. A Delaware court is required by statute to give effect to the...more

Corporation or LLC? Business Organizations for Tech Startups.

One of the first actions you will take with your startup is to organize your company a separate legal entity to protect yourself from personal liability for the company’s debts. In the tech startup context, you’ll typically...more

Playing With Fire: No Liability Coverage For Tax Preparers Who Took Deductions for Illegal Tax Shelters

“Gimme Shelter” is one of the greatest of a lot of great Rolling Stones songs (made greater by Merry Clayton’s gut-wrenching contribution). And, of course, “Gimme Shelter” is a cliché often trotted out in discussions of tax...more

Sixth Circuit Holds that a Business Entity Is a "Person" for Purposes of FDCPA's Enforcement Provision

The Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals recently held that a limited liability company (“LLC”) constitutes a “person” within the meaning of the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act (FDCPA or the “Act”), in Anarion Investments LLC v....more

Section 1031 Exchanges: Innovative Strategies and Issues

This webinar addresses the requirements for 1031 Exchanges, the various types of 1031 Exchanges, and issues involving 1031 Exchanges in partnerships, limited liability companies and tenant-in-common situations. Please...more

What the Mahalo??

Although commonly known, judgment creditors rarely utilize the charging order as a collection mechanism. This may change as a result of recent case law developments. The charging order has long been recognized in the...more

New Regulations Expected this Fall May Limit Valuation Discounts in Certain Asset Transfers

For high-net worth individuals – particularly those whose assets include closely-held business interests or family investment entities – anticipated changes in the valuation of those assets for estate and gift tax purposes...more

Limited Liability Company Can Sue as “Person” Under FDCPA, Sixth Circuit Rules

A limited liability company is a “person” that can file a lawsuit under the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act (FDCPA), the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit has ruled. In Anarion Investments LLC v. Carrington...more

UK Supreme Court Forces HMRC to Rethink its Tax Treatment of Delaware LLCs

Supreme Court rules in favour of taxpayer in landmark case regarding UK tax treatment of Delaware LLCs. On 1 July 2015, the UK Supreme Court handed down a long-awaited ruling in the case of Anson v Commissioners for Her...more

Breaking News! Fair Debt Collection Practice Issue

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit has held that a Delaware Limited Liability Company was a “person” as defined by the FDCPA, and reversed the District Court decision which had dismissed an FDCPA claim against a...more

2015 Amendments to Delaware Alternative Entity Acts

New amendments affect Delaware general partnerships, limited liability partnerships, limited partnerships and limited liability companies. On July 24, Delaware Governor Jack Markell signed into law several amendments to...more

2015 Changes to the Minnesota Business Corporation Act

On August 1, 2015, House Bill H.F. No. 385, which was signed into law by Governor Mark Dayton in May 2015, will become effective. The new law streamlines the process for executing cross-entity and cross-border conversions...more

CMS Investment Holdings, LLC v. Castle et al., C.A. No. 9468–VCP (Del. Ch. June 23, 2015) (Parsons, VC)

In this decision, the Delaware Court of Chancery largely declined to dismiss claims for breach of a limited liability company agreement, breach of the implied covenant of good faith and fair dealing, unjust enrichment, breach...more

The Meaning Of "Successors," "Members," And "Designees" In A Release

The words "successors," "members," and "designees," as used in a Release were at issue in Judge Bledsoe's Opinion last week in TaiDoc Technology Corp. v. OK Biotec Co., 2015 NCBC 71. Plaintiff TaiDoc had settled a...more

The LLC Operating Agreement - Why Is It Important And What Should It Say?

An LLC is a fairly limitless business form. Generally, an LLC can be and act in any number of ways, tailored to how you want your company to operate. The Kentucky LLC statute provides several gap-filler provisions, but most...more

IRS Targets Use of Basket Option Contracts and Basket Contracts by Hedge Funds and Other Taxpayers as Tax Avoidance Transactions

On July 8, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) issued two notices (Notice 2015-47, 2015-30 IRB 1, and Notice 2015-48, 2015-30 IRB 1) targeting the use of Basket Option Contracts and Basket Contracts as tax avoidance...more

New York State Department of Taxation and Finance To Disregard Single-Member LLC Interests for New York Estate Tax

In a recent New York State Advisory Opinion, the New York State Department of Taxation and Finance advised that a federal income tax entity classification election could impact whether property held by a nonresident through a...more

Taxpayer wins landmark decision regarding the UK tax treatment of US LLCs

Following the taxpayer’s victory in the recent Supreme Court decision of HMRC v Anson, UK resident members of Delaware LLCs may now be entitled to claim relief against their UK tax liabilities for US tax paid on their share...more

Fund Managers, Welcome to the Hotel California - When It Comes to Certain Taxes, It's Possible You Can Never Leave - Tax Update...

Fund Managers May Be Taxable in California, Even if the Manager Has No Property or Payroll in California and All of the Management Services Are Performed Outside of the State. Several recent law changes in California,...more

Is It All Now Transparent? UK Supreme Court Case on Delaware LLCs Leaves Open Questions on Entity Classification for UK Tax...

The UK Supreme Court delivered an unexpected final judgment on 1 July 2015 in the long-running case of Anson v Commissioners for Her Majesty’s Revenue & Customs [2015] UKSC 44. Reversing the decisions of the Upper Tribunal...more

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