Limited Liability Companies

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The Waters of March -The Benefits of Owning Life Insurance within a Cascading Charitable Lead Annuity Trusts (CLATs)

...I recall hearing Bossa Nova as a ten year old at my neighbor’s house in the Panama Canal Zone – Sergio Mendes and Brazil 66. The Waters of March is one of many great songs written by Antonio Carlos Jobim and sung by Elis...more

The Mergers & Acquisitions Review: Eighth Edition: Chapter 17 - Cyprus

I GENERAL INTRODUCTION TO THE LEGAL FRAMEWORK FOR M&A - Since Cyprus’s accession to the EU, the legislation regulating M&A activity in Cyprus has been closely aligned with Europe-wide practices. Prior to...more

Personal Responsibility for PA Tax Assessments

Under Pennsylvania law, there are important exceptions to the general rule that officers, employees and owners of a corporation or limited liability company have no personal liability for the business’s unpaid tax...more

Oregon Limited Liability Companies: Do I Need An Operating Agreement?

Limited liability companies (“LLCs”) have become a common choice of entity in Oregon in the 20-plus years since adoption of the Oregon Limited Liability Company Act (“Act”). LLCs are formed by filing Articles of...more

August 2014 Estate Planning Update: Protecting Investment Properties

Investment properties can be subject to lawsuits by other creditors because they are not protected by Nevada’s homestead law. Under Nevada homestead law, many classes of assets are automatically protected from creditors. ...more

Personal Liability In Business Ownership/Operation

Common practice for well advised business owners is to operate the enterprise through a chartered corporation or other limited liability entity recognized in the state(s) in which the business will be operated. The main...more

Protecting your real estate assets

When preparing an estate plan, asset protection for real estate is particularly challenging, because it’s the only asset that can’t be moved. Gifting it is one option, but this leaves the property exposed to creditors. This...more

Venture Capital Firm Liable For "Aiding And Abetting" Breach Of Fiduciary Duty

A recent case in the California Court of Appeals underscores the dangers that await venture capital firms brave (or foolish) enough to fund companies in the midst of internal disputes. In American Master Lease LLC v Idanta...more

Real Estate Tip - Keep It in The Family?

Using a will to give a commercial building to a loved one, a business partner or even a charitable organization is not ideal planning. Adverse tax consequences, the public probate process and operational difficulties aside,...more

Hotel Reassessment Invalid When LLC Owning Hotel Sells 100 Percent Membership Interest But No Person Or Legal Entity Obtains More...

The rule set out in California Code of Regulations Title 18 Section 462.180(d)(1)(B) provides there is a change in the ownership of real property owned by an LLC, "when any corporation, partnership, LLC, or any person… obtain...more

Editorial: Fla. Sets Strict Standard For Direct Shareholder Claims

Florida recently clarified the limited circumstances in which a corporate shareholder or limited liability company member has standing to bring a direct claim for damages relating to the company. On July 9, in Dinuro...more

FTB Issues Legal Ruling Addressing Filing And Franchise Tax Obligations of LLCs And Their Members

I’ve written several posts on discussing the meaning and ramifications of “doing business” for California tax purposes. See, e.g., Why Your LLC May Be Doing More Than You Think In California Even When It’s Doing Nothing, 60...more

Limited Liability Companies (LLC): The Basics

The limited liability company (LLC) is a form of business organization which in recent years has rapidly gained popularity in the United States. A properly structured LLC offers its owners (referred to as “members”) the...more

Corporate & Business Alert: Minnesota Adopts New Limited Liability Company Act

On April 8, 2014, Governor Dayton signed into law the Minnesota Revised Uniform Limited Liability Company Act – new Chapter 322C of the Minnesota Statutes (the “New Act”). The New Act will become effective on August 1, 2015,...more

Florida Appeals Court Clarifies Law On Derivative And Direct Shareholder Lawsuits

On July 9, 2014, Florida’s Third District Court of Appeal issued a landmark opinion in the case of Dinuro Investments, LLC vs. Felisberto Figueira Camacho, et al., 3D13-1242 & 3D13-1246, (July 9, 2014). In Dinuro, the Court...more

Delaware Court of Chancery Rejects Indemnification Sleight of Hand

In Branin v. Stein Roe Inv. Counsel, LLC, C.A. 8481-VCN, 2014 WL 2961084 (Del. Ch. June 30, 2014), the Delaware Court of Chancery held that a vested right to indemnification may not be rescinded by a subsequent amendment to...more

Is Your Out-of-State LLC “Doing Business” in California?

Individuals and entities, including those from outside California, who invest in or do business through an out-of-state limited liability company (“LLC”) may be surprised to find out that they have filing obligations and tax...more

Can You Replace Your Manager? Delaware Case Emphasizes the Importance of Carefully Considering LLC Agreement Provisions

Common sense might lead one to expect that a controlling stakeholder has the power to replace the manager of a limited liability company (LLC), but this might not be the case when the underlying LLC agreement provides...more

Homebuilder Series Webinar: Joint Ventures Solutions, Steve Lear [Video]

This is the second in a series of in-depth webinar discussions that cover a range of legal and business issues affecting the homebuilder industry. Homebuilders frequently use joint ventures as a means to finance...more

For Love or Charity – A Charitable Bailout Using Charitable Remainder Trusts for the Sale of a C Corporation

I have personally observed in my professional travels that many taxpayers are reluctant charitable donors. However, we you remind a business owner that they only have three choices when it comes to taxes (1) Pay yourself;...more

Tissue Bank Owned By For-Profit And Leased To Related Non-Profit Exempt From Indiana Property Tax

In Hamilton County Assessor v. SPD Realty, LLC, Cause No. 49T10-1104-TA-28 (May 27, 2014) (March 1, 2009 assessment date), the Indiana Tax Court affirmed the grant of a charitable purpose exemption where the office building...more

Final Noncompensatory Partnership Options Regulations Could Affect the Tax Treatment of Penny Warrants and Other Arrangements

Investments in partnerships (and other pass-through entities such as limited liability companies treated as a partnership) often involve the acquisition of warrants, options or other rights to acquire securities. This is...more

In Frank Aragona Trust, Tax Court Holds that Trustees’ Activities as Employees Count for Purposes of Material Participation Under...

The issue of whether a trust has passive or non-passive income from its investment in a pass-through entity has taken on increased importance in light of the tax imposed on net investment income under Code Section 1411 of the...more

How Confused Is This? California Defines LLCs Subject To New Law To Include Foreign LLCs

The California Revised Uniform Limited Liability Company Act. which took effect on January 1 of this year, provides the statutory framework for the formation and operation of limited liability companies. The law appears to...more

The New York Legislature Passes a Bill Eliminating the Annual Wage Notice Requirement

Employers in New York will not have to issue annual wage notices to employees in 2015 and beyond. On June 19, 2014, a bill was passed in both the New York Assembly and Senate that eliminates the requirement contained in the...more

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