Limited Liability Company (LLC)

News & Analysis as of

New Law to Govern Pennsylvania Entities

Effective February 21, 2017, Pennsylvania law will change significantly for business corporations, nonprofit corporations, and especially for limited liability companies (“LLCs”), limited partnerships (“LPs”), limited...more

Arizona’s Revised Laws on PACs and Corporate Contributions

The recent major revisions to Arizona’s campaign finance laws (passed in bills S.B. 1516, H.B. 2296 and H.B. 2297), which took effect late last year, modified the previous restrictions on corporate contributions to political...more

Major Changes to Business Entity Laws in Pennsylvania Beginning February 21, 2017

Pennsylvania has enacted a comprehensive set of laws (Act 170) modernizing the treatment of unincorporated associations, including limited liability companies, limited partnerships, limited liability partnerships, limited...more

IRS Announces Proposed Partnership Audit Regulations Which Impact Limited Liability Companies and Partnerships

The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) has released Proposed Regulations under Section 1101 of the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2015 (BBA), which provide that for tax years beginning after December 31, 2017, all entities taxable as...more

Lawyers: Give your clients a business entity checkup

As we prepare for perhaps another round of major tax law changes, you might want to consider the status of your clients’ legal postures. Making a client’s business structure more nimble or setting the stage to obtain outside...more

Bermuda – Proactively Seeking to Grow its Influence as an Off-Shore Investment Jurisdiction

Bermuda has long been a favorite jurisdiction of captive insurance companies and insurance-linked investment funds. More than 70% of the $25 billion in global insurance-linked securities (ILS) volume is listed on the Bermuda...more

Massachusetts Bankruptcy Court Sends a Reminder on Avoiding the Substantive Consolidation Trap

There are numerous reasons why a company might use more than one entity for its operations or organization: to silo liabilities, for tax advantages, to accommodate a lender, or for general organizational purposes. Simply...more

NJ Supreme Court Clarifies Standard for Member Expulsion under LLC Act

One of the features of the Revised Uniform Limited Liability Company Act (RULLCA) that has been adopted in Minnesota and many other states is that it allows for an LLC to expel a member by judicial order under certain...more

Trascent Management Consulting, LLC v. George Bouri, C.A. No. 10915 (Del. Nov. 28, 2016)

In this opinion, the Delaware Supreme Court affirmed the Court of Chancery’s ruling that a company cannot avoid its advancement obligations by claiming in a summary proceeding that the advancement agreement was fraudulently...more

Business Litigation Alert: "Will Texas Change the Recovery of Attorneys' Fees in 2017?"

The general rule in Texas is that litigants must pay their own attorneys’ fees. Texas only allows the recovery of attorneys’ fees where it is authorized by statute, called for in the contract between the parties, or – in rare...more

Company Types in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Knowing which corporate vehicle to use is a key concern in any commercial enterprise. This article will summarise the different types of corporate entity used within the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and the key differences between...more

Corporate News - February 2017

A monthly newsletter covering topics of interest in the field of UK corporate law including mergers and acquisitions, listed companies, equity capital markets, corporate governance and general company law. Please see...more

Delaware Superior Court Explains Liability Of Signatory To Contract

This is an excellent review of when a signatory to a contract might be personally liable notwithstanding that he claims to have only signed in a representative capacity. Hint: contractual references to the signatory separate...more

Court Of Chancery Explains Limitation On Fiduciary Duty Claims

This decision explains how a provision in an LLC agreement waiving fiduciary duties is to be applied in the context of conflicted transactions. It is a good summary of Delaware law on that issue. ...more

First Department Affirms the Validity of an LLC Operating Agreement Adopted by Majority Members without Minority Consent: ...

In Shapiro v. Ettenson, No. 2849, 2017 BL 19404 (App. Div. 1st Dep’t Jan. 24, 2017), the Appellate Division, First Department recently affirmed a decision by Supreme Court Justice Kelly O’Neill Levy upholding an LLC operating...more

Winter Case Notes: De Facto Partnership and Other Recent Decisions of Interest

Welcome to another edition of Winter Case Notes in which I clear out my backlog of recent court decisions of interest to business divorce aficionados by way of brief synopses with links to the decisions for those who wish to...more

LLC Bound By Agreement Signed By Manager’s Manager

Justice Kenneth R. Yegan clearly and concisely frames the question in Western Surety Co. v. La Cumbre Office Partners, LLC, 2017 Cal. App. LEXIS 77 (2017)...more

First Steps Toward a Successful Franchise Acquisition

Owning a franchised business can present a lucrative opportunity, and this is especially true when acquiring a franchise with a history of success and/or an opportunity for growth. While each franchise system is different and...more

Business Litigation Alert: "Starting a New Business? Include These Five Provisions in Every Formation Agreement"

The ultimate success of a business often rests on the ability of its owners to make sound decisions up front - an ounce of prevention, if you will - and avoid bigger problems that might arise later. This principle...more

Reverse Cross Border Merger Could Become Popular as UK Companies Restructure in Advance of Brexit

Reverse cross border mergers could become a popular device for UK companies seeking to maintain and preserve “passporting” or other EU rights. The mechanism of a reverse cross-border merger (in this context whereby a UK...more

Tax basis: The key to reducing gain on sale or deducting asset purchases

This article discusses key ideas used in reducing or eliminating gain subject to tax when you sell an interest in your business or when your business sells part or all its assets. These ideas can also possibly help those who...more

Thinking About Becoming a Minority Member of a New York LLC Without an Operating Agreement? Think Again

An appellate decision last week sounds alarm bells for minority members of New York LLCs that have no operating agreement and for anyone considering becoming a minority member of an LLC without first having in place an...more

The Basics of 1031 Exchanges – Part Two: Structuring Partnership/LLC 1031 Exchange Cash-out Transactions

This is part two of a two-part series on Internal Revenue Code Section 1031 tax-deferred exchange transactions. The first article provided an overview of the basic rules that govern 1031 exchanges. This article describes...more

Operating Agreement Trumps Falsified Liquor License Application In Dispute Over LLC Membership

Oh, the things that can happen when the LLC members identified in the company’s operating agreement differ from those identified in official documents submitted to government agencies....more

Why Luxembourg remains a jurisdiction of choice for private equity

1. Framework for an exit from an SARL - Prior to 23 August 2016, any transfer of shares to non-shareholders of an SARL was subject to the prior approval of the shareholders holding not less than 75% of the SARL's share...more

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