Limited Liability Company (LLC)

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Entity Selection Series | Part One: The Benefits of a Limited Liability Company

So, you developed the next great start-up idea and you are looking to organize your company… Initially, the entrepreneur will have to decide what type of entity to use and under what state to form the company. Various legal...more

The Rule Against Perpetuities is Alive and Enforceable in Oklahoma

Today we venture into Oklahoma, to be instructed on the Supreme Court’s treatment of the Rule Against Perpetuities. First, the Rule: No property interest is good unless it must vest, if all, not later than 21 years after...more

Limited Liability Companies: A Primer for the Canadian Finance Lawyer

The use of limited liability companies in the United States has expanded dramatically over recent years. A limited liability company (LLC) offers its owners protection from liability like a corporation, but with the advantage...more

2016 Year-End Estate Planning Advisory

In 2016, we continued to experience a period of relative stability in our federal transfer tax system and have been able to plan without expecting imminent significant changes to the system. Under the American Taxpayer Relief...more

Court Of Chancery Grants Dissolution On Conditions

This is an interesting decision in a small case. The Court granted the request to dissolve a Delaware entity in deadlock, but conditioned that dissolution on an agreement not to use the fact of dissolution in another...more

Why Do You Need a Buy-Sell Agreement for Your Closely Held Company?

Why do you need a Buy-Sell Agreement for your closely held company? In a nutshell, your business partner might die, become disagreeable, or just simply lose his or her mind, and you need a set of rules to resolve the matter....more

Consider The Risks Before Electing S Status For Your LLC

Family-owned businesses are often formed as LLCs. For federal tax purposes, an LLC with two or more members is treated as a partnership unless it elects otherwise. Income earned by a partnership is not subject to a separate...more

SEC Issues Interpretive Guidance for Up-C Structures Permitting Holding Period Tacking under Rule 144 for Unit-for-Share Exchanges

On November 1, 2016, the staff of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) issued interpretive guidance concluding that in Up-C structures the holding period of LLC units or other partnership interests (the “OP...more

More Silliness In California’s Revised Uniform Limited Liability Company Act

Readers will know that I have been a frequent critic of California’s Revised Uniform Limited Liability Company Act, Cal. Corp. Code § 17701.01 et seq. In many cases, it is simply hard to believe that the legislature really...more

I diritti particolari dei soci nelle società a responsabilità limitata e la creazione di “categorie di quote”

The company law reform of 2003, completely overhauling the limited company model, finds its foundation in the enhancement of the social role. The eminently personalist nature of the srl is expressed in the recognition of a...more

Benefit Corporations May Expense Payments to Charities

In a General Information Letter addressing the tax treatment of benefit corporations, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) stated that a taxable benefit corporation may deduct payments to charities as business expenses (and...more

Estate Planning for Family Businesses

Estate planning for closely held family businesses could be significantly affected by proposed regulations that have been published by the Internal Revenue Service. The IRS proposed regulations and their effect on...more

Trust and Estate: Family Feud — Hollywood May Call It Entertainment But It Is No Laughing Matter for Family Businesses, Part II...

INTRODUCTION - As discussed in Part One of this article, statistics show that most family-owned businesses fail after a generation or two. Specifically, only 30% of family-owned businesses survive the transition from...more

Russia: New Rules on Approvals of Certain Corporate Actions

The new rules, which take effect on 1 January 2017, will apply to both limited liability and stock companies. Russia recently changed the laws governing the approval of certain corporate actions....more

Exceptions to Limited Liability for LLC Members [Florida]

Fla.Stats. §605.0304(1) provides for the limited liability of LLC members - it provides: "A debt, obligation, or other liability of a limited liability company is solely the debt, obligation, or other liability of the...more

Member Of A Delaware LLC? Don't Bring Claims To Inspect Books And Records, Or For Dissolution, In North Carolina's Courts

The Plaintiff in Camacho v. McCallum, 2016 NCBC 79 has to head to Delaware to litigate her claims for inspection of the records of the LLC of which she is a member, and also to seek dissolution of the LLC. Why, even...more

IRS Tightens Rules on Disguised Sales and Allocating Partnership Liabilities

New final, temporary and proposed regulations address leveraged transactions, “bottom-dollar” guarantees and other issues, but postpone action on some key questions. On October 4, 2016, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS)...more

Investment Management Update - October 2016

Investment Adviser AXA Wins Excessive Fee Trial - A federal judge in New Jersey has ruled in favor of AXA Equitable Life Insurance Company (AXA Equitable) and its wholly owned subsidiary, AXA Equitable Funds Management...more

IRS Clarifies Benefit Coverage Requirements for Employees of Tax-Exempt Disregarded Entities

The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) recently issued General Counsel Memorandum 201634021 (Memorandum), clarifying benefit coverage requirements for employees of a disregarded LLC wholly owned by a single member tax-exempt...more

Proposed Regs May Limit US Estate Plan

On August 2, 2016, the US Treasury issued long-awaited pro- posed regulations under Code section 2704 that make comprehensive and very significant changes to the valuation of interests in many family-controlled entities for...more

Why Set up a Local Company in the UAE?

Dubai is a well-respected pathway to the East, and since it became a financial hub, companies that engage in all types of business activities are now looking to establish a presence here. Setting up a Local Company is an...more

Treasury Targets Tax Deferral in Leveraged Partnership Structures with New Regulations

The Treasury issued new final, temporary and proposed regulations that take aim at, and significantly reduce the effectiveness of, leveraged partnership structures intended to achieve tax deferral to the contributing partner....more

Federal Contractors Be Aware: Rule on Tax Delinquencies and Felony Convictions Finalized

The U.S. government finalized on Sept. 30, 2016, regulations amending the Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) that will affect an estimated 350,000 federal contractors. These new regulations were promulgated as a result of...more

The Benefits of Using Multiple “Single-Asset” Limited Liability Companies for Investment Properties

Practicing real estate law means that I’m constantly talking with all types of clients, including large scale developers as well as individuals simply looking to do a little investing in real estate. Interestingly and...more

Court-Appointed “Tiebreakers” In a 50/50 Ownership Setting

When two people start a company, neither wants to give control to the other, so ownership is usually split 50/50. This sounds like a great idea at the outset, when everyone is on the same page, and there is usually no other...more

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