Limited Liability Company

News & Analysis as of

Patterson v. Domino’s Pizza, LLC: Franchisors Are Not Vicariously Liable as “Employers” or “Principals” for Their Franchisees’...

In a significant win for franchisors, the California Supreme Court ruled 4-3 that although Domino’s “imposes comprehensive and meticulous standards for marketing its trademarked brand and operating its franchises in a uniform...more

LLC Managers Beware: Get Involved With Member Distributions By an Insolvent LLC and You May Be Personally Liable

A chapter 7 trustee sued a manager of three limited liability company (LLC) debtors for breach of fiduciary duty and to hold the manager personally liable for distributions made to members, including himself....more

Court Rules LLC Form Provided No Fiduciary Shield To Personal Jurisdiction

Last Friday’s post concerned whether a plaintiff could establish jurisdiction by tagging a corporate officer attending a conference in California. The question was whether a corporation is present wherever its officers are...more

Idaho Real Estate & Development Law Update: Lack of Corporate Formalities Will Not Destroy the Limited Liability Protection...

In the case of Wandering Trails v. Big Bite Excavation released June 18, 2014, the Idaho Supreme Court clarified the requirements for piercing the veil of a limited liability company or LLC and thereby imposing liability on...more

Summary of IC-DISC Tax Benefits

Interest-Charge Domestic International Sales Corporations (“IC-DISCs”) offer significant potential tax benefits for U.S. companies that export U.S. manufactured products or certain engineering or architectural services with...more

In Business & Corporate Law Avoiding a Messy Business Divorce is Important! #BusinessAttorney

When people come together to begin a business, they may not think the time will come when they will not get along. But if, after many years, you and your business partner no longer see eye-to-eye when it comes to how to...more

Limited Liability Companies (LLC): The Basics

The limited liability company (LLC) is a form of business organization which in recent years has rapidly gained popularity in the United States. A properly structured LLC offers its owners (referred to as “members”) the...more

How Confused Is This? California Defines LLCs Subject To New Law To Include Foreign LLCs

The California Revised Uniform Limited Liability Company Act. which took effect on January 1 of this year, provides the statutory framework for the formation and operation of limited liability companies. The law appears to...more

Alabama Limited Liability Company Law of 2014

In March of this year, Alabama adopted a new limited liability company law under the name of the Alabama Limited Liability Company Law of 2014 (Act No. 2014-144). The new act will apply to LLCs formed after January 1, 2015....more

New Simplified Conversion Process for Washington Corporations and Limited Liability Companies

Starting June 12, 2014, Washington law allows for the “conversion” of Washington corporations and limited liability entities into a variety of other business entities in Washington and other states through the simple adoption...more

Collateral Estoppel Sinks LLC Members' Claim

It might seem uncontroversial that the members of a limited liability company cannot follow with a personal lawsuit for injuries after their LLC litigates, and loses, claims based on the same issues. But it took the Business...more

Mainebiz Real Estate Insider – Protecting the Penny Wise in a Lease

Some penny wise clients resist advice to get real estate out of their own individual names, opening themselves to unnecessary risk. Fortunate clients, who have not met the “trial bar” up close and personal, sometimes still...more

This Volte-Face Might Prove Problematical For LLCs

Under the Beverly-Killea Limited Liability Company Act, the articles of organization prevailed over conflicting provisions of a written operating agreement. Cal. Corp. Code § 17005(f) (repealed). The drafters of the...more

Frank Aragona Trust: A Taxpayer Win

In a case of first impression, Frank Aragona Trust v. Commissioner, 142 T.C. No. 9 (Mar. 27, 2014), the Tax Court held that a trust could materially participate in a trade or business based upon the activities of the...more

How California’s New LLC Law Will Impact Existing and New California LLCs

On January 1, 2014, California’s Beverly-Killea Limited Liability Company Act (“Old Act”) was superseded by the California Revised Uniform Limited Liability Company Act (“New Act”). California legislators were concerned that...more

Mi Casa es Su Casa! - Planning Considerations Non-Resident Aliens Purchasing a Home in America

Overview - In spite of our many problems as a nation, the quality of life and level of economic opportunity as well as the overall respect for the rule of law, places the United States in a very unique position when...more

What Is the Best Legal Structure for Your Start-Up?

The questions that invariably come up for all my start-up clients is: Do I have to form a legal entity, if yes, what kind and why? Entrepreneurs have a number of legal structures available when seeking to capitalize on a...more

Key Points of the New Florida LLC Act

The 2013 Florida Legislature adopted a new LLC act which was signed by the Governor on June 14, 2013. The new law creates Chapter 605 of the Florida Statutes, which will be effective January 1, 2014. Generally speaking, until...more

Friendly Reminder for LLCs and LPs: Delaware Is Looking for Your Dollars

It’s that time again: time to pull out your checkbooks and send Delaware your dollars. As I previously wrote, while corporations had an annual franchise tax payment due in March, it’s time for LLCs and LPs to pony up. It’s...more

Implementing The Minnesota Revised Uniform Limited Liability Company Act

The Minnesota Revised Uniform Limited Liability Company Act (the “Revised Act”) has been adopted in Minnesota and will replace Minnesota’s current limited liability company (“LLC”) statute set forth in Chapter 322B of the...more

Labels Can Be Misleading: General Partnership Interests As Securities

In a previous article titled “Are Membership Interests in LLCs Securities Under Oregon Law?”, we considered the application of investment contract theory to determine whether interests in member-managed limited liability...more

Minnesota Revised Uniform Limited Liability Company Act Becomes Law

In This Issue: - Forming a Limited Liability Company - Shelf LLCs - Series LLCs - Governance - Members - Operating Agreement - Standards of Conduct - Distributions - Merger, Conversion...more

New Guidance From IRS On At-Risk Rules For LLC Member Guarantees

The IRS recently released a chief counsel memorandum AM2014-003 on LLC Member Guarantees of LLC Debt and “Qualified Nonrecourse Financing.” These memorandums are very helpful because they provide the IRS’ interpretation of...more

EU Commission Proposes Further Harmonisation of Single-Member Companies

The proposed directive seeks to coordinate national requirements concerning the formation, registration, and operation of single-member companies. On 9 April, the European Commission published a provisional draft of a...more

And You Thought Dissenters’ Rights Didn’t Apply To Delaware LLCs

Delaware’s Limited Liability Company Act provides that a limited liability company agreement or an agreement of merger or consolidation or plan of merger may provide for appraisal rights. 6 Del. Code § 18-210. Does this...more

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