Limited Liability Company

News & Analysis as of

High Stakes: Investing in a Legal Marijuana Business

Considering diversifying with a high-risk investment? Heard the lure of the “green rush” toward a possible $100 billion legal marijuana industry? Before you write that check... Please see full Article below for...more

Bankruptcy Courts Closing In – Will An Agreement Requiring Unanimous Consent To File For Bankruptcy Be Effective?

We’ve all seen it. The business opportunity looks enticing but is laced with risk about a potential bankruptcy filing down the road. As bankruptcy lawyers we are often asked how deals can be structured to prevent a...more

Rethinking Choice of Entity — Section 1202 Stock

We tax advisors spend plenty of time assessing whether a particular business is better suited operating as a flowthrough entity or as a tax-paying “C corporation.” Flow-through entities generally include sole...more

Court Of Chancery Requires SLC Member Be A “Director”

Under the famous Zapata decision, a board of directors may take control of a derivative case, provided it meets the test set out in that opinion. But may such a board, or the managers in an LLC, delegate that authority to a...more

Deceptive Marketing Class Actions: Trump University

The most talked about class action in Canada of late is not a Canadian class action at all, but rather one commenced in a U.S. District Court in the Southern District of California. Low v. Trump University, already certified...more

A "PATH" to Substantial Tax Savings: Qualified Small Business Stock

In the early 1990s, Congress enacted the qualified small business stock (“QSBS”) rules to incentivize equity investments in certain corporations. The QSBS rules reduce the effective federal income tax rate on the gain...more

Intervention Energy: The Case Where the Golden Share Lost its Shine

In connection with out-of-court restructurings, workouts and forbearance agreements, creditors often seek to include provisions that purport to limit the ability of a debtor to file for bankruptcy relief. However, bankruptcy...more

In Case You Missed It: Launch Links - May 2016 #5

Some interesting links we found across the web this week: - To start a real economic recovery, look to startups - A strong op-ed in The Hill this week reminded us that startups are job creators whose interests are...more

The Case for a Unified Approach to Corporate and LLC Citizenship

Imagine opening your email one morning to find a copy of a complaint and summons just received by your out-of-state corporate client. The caption shows a familiar North Carolina company as the lone plaintiff, and a cursory...more

Appellate Court Notes

Supreme Court Advance Release Opinions - SC19232 - Izzarelli v. R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Co. - Plaintiff obtained a judgment against a tobacco company upon a claim that it put in additives and manipulated the nicotine...more

The Tennessee Business Court Tackles Privilege Claims

The Tennessee Business Court has provided additional guidance to commercial litigators concerning internecine legal battles between members of limited liability companies. The Court has determined the fiduciary duties of...more

One-Two Punch for Transparency: Beneficial Owners Outed

In an apparent effort to create the impression of strong U.S. policy response in the wake of the Panama Papers, the U.S. Department of the Treasury (Treasury) announced three initiatives to promote greater transparency and...more

Form 5472 Reporting by Foreign Owned Disregarded Entities Established in the U.S. - Coming Soon!

Presently, a domestic single member LLC, and other similar single owner entities, absent a check-the-box election to the contrary, are disregarded for almost all U.S. tax purposes. Presently, a foreign owner of such...more

Treasury Announces Key Regulations and Legislation to Counter Money Laundering and Corruption, Combat Tax Evasion

On May 5, 2016, the U.S. Department of the Treasury announced several actions to strengthen financial transparency. Treasury announced a Customer Due Diligence (CDD) Final Rule, proposed Beneficial Ownership legislation and...more

LLCs May Be Right Unless They’re Wrong

As I’ve posted before, I usually advise non-US companies to form a corporation when expanding to the United States. Every now and then, I get some pushback because the non-US company has heard about ‘limited liability...more

FinCEN Finalizes Beneficial Ownership Identification Rules

As part of the U.S. Treasury Department's ongoing efforts to prevent bad actors from using U.S. companies to conceal money laundering, tax evasion, and other illicit financial activities, the Financial Crimes Enforcement...more

IRS Shuts Down Work Around for Treating a Partner as an Employee

The IRS has long taken the position that a partner cannot also be an employee of the partnership. The prohibition also applies to persons that hold equity in a limited liability company ("LLC") that is taxed as a partnership...more

Appellate Court Notes

Supreme Court Advance Release Opinions: SC19493 - Standard Oil of Connecticut, Inc. v. Administrator, Unemployment Compensation Act - SC19493 Dissent - Standard Oil of Connecticut, Inc. v. Administrator,...more

West Coast Real Estate Update: May 2016 #1

IRS Reevaluates "Bad Boy" Carve-Outs - Before providing a non-recourse loan to a Limited Liability Company (LLC) – i.e., one for which the LLC members do not bear the risk of economic loss – a lender often will require...more

IRS Reverses Position on “Bad Boy” Guarantees

Earlier this year, the IRS issued Chief Counsel Advice 201606027 (February 5, 2016) concluding that, for purposes of the basis and at-risk limitations, an LLC member’s guarantee of entity-level nonrecourse debt conditioned...more

Changes to IRS Partnership and LLC Audit Rules

Recent history has seen a proliferation of health care organizations—including tax-exempt organizations, for-profit companies, and physician practice groups—that have joined together to take advantage of different synergies...more

The Tennessee Business Court Clarifies Fiduciary Duties of LLC Members

In a recent opinion, decided 12/22/15, the Tennessee Business Court clarified the circumstances under which members of a Tennessee limited liability company owe fiduciary duties to one another. In Ewing v. Miller, Case No....more

Moved to Florida, but still can’t let go of New York – Will your estate be subject to New York estate tax?

Many New Yorkers who want to move to Florida still desire to retain a home, an apartment, or some other type of property in the place where they grew up. What many of the newly minted Florida residents may not consider are...more

Russian Legislation Update

Corporate - On 29 December 2015 the President signed Federal Law No. 391-FZ amending the Basic Principles of Notary Activities, the LLC Law and a number of other laws. The amendments provide, among others, the...more

When Should I Choose to Form a C Corporation Instead of An LLC?

Arguably, one of the most important decisions that will affect the ultimate success of a business, whatever its size, is the decision of how to incorporate that business. There is a fairly wide range of choices to choose...more

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