News & Analysis as of

California Updates Privacy Rights with the Electronic Communications Privacy Act

Starting on New Years Day 2016, a new law will prohibit California law enforcement agencies from compelling California residents and businesses to turn over metadata or electronic communications (e.g., texts, emails,...more

Appellate Court Affirms Order to Produce Records in Native Format (Texas)

In re State Farm Lloyds, 2015 WL 6751057 (Tex. App. Oct. 28, 2015) - In this insurance claim case, the court affirmed an order compelling the defendant to produce records in native format in the face of the defendant’s...more

New Study Finds Ghost Data Haunts Devices

As the leaves change colors, the air becomes crisp and pumpkin-spiced everything fills the shelves, we think of little (and big) kids going door to door for candy, apple picking, and all those Halloween ghost stories. Not the...more

California Enacts CalECPA, Requiring a Search Warrant to Obtain or Access Users’ Electronic Information

On Thursday, October 8, 2015, California Governor Jerry Brown signed into law the Electronic Communications Privacy Act (the “California ECPA”). This legislation, which takes effect on January 1, 2015, has been heralded by...more

California Joins Other States with the Passage of CalECPA

Law enforcement requests for electronic information, particularly from technology companies such as Google and Twitter, have skyrocketed in recent years. In response, several states—Maine and Texas in 2013, Utah in 2014 and...more

New French Act on Intelligence Services: Impacts on Technical Operators

The newly enacted French legislation on intelligence services ("Loi relative au renseignement") has been almost entirely approved by the French Constitutional Court and shall fully enter into force by December 2015, at the...more

Copyright & Trademark Protections- Is Metadata Included?

A Canadian federal court recently released an opinion holding that meta tags, at least in some circumstances, are not entitled to copyright protection. Although the precedent is not binding in American courts, the...more

No copyright or trademark protection for metatags

What if a competitor copied the metatags on your website and you watched web traffic bleed from your own site while the competitor’s site enjoyed a bump in hits? Are metatags subject to copyright or trademark protection?...more

Privacy & Cybersecurity Update - August 2015

Third Circuit Affirms FTC’s Authority Over Cybersecurity: In the Wyndham case, the Third Circuit affirmed that the FTC has the authority to regulate cybersecurity under Section 5 of the FTC Act, and that the language of...more

Merger Guidance Nine Years in the Making From the FTC

Earlier this month, the Bureau of Competition of the U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC) offered updated guidance for merger investigations—the first time it has done so in nine years. Although the Department of Justice’s...more

Use of Competitors’ Trademarks as Google AdWords is not Infringement

The British Columbia Supreme Court has decided that the use of a competitor’s trademarks in Google AdWords does not constitute infringement. In Vancouver Community College v Vancouver Career College (Burnaby) Inc.,...more

On the Reidentifiability of Credit Card Metadata

PLA today posts a link to “Unique in the Shopping Mall: On the Reidentifiability of Credit Card Metadata,” which concludes that card transaction data that was anonymized in conventional ways (e.g., by removing names and...more

SEC Finds Metadata Contradicts CCO’s Statement In Examination

The SEC recently settled an enforcement action against an investment advisor, Parallax Investments LLC, its owner and its Chief Compliance Officer, finding that metadata in the CCO’s annual compliance memorandum contradicted...more

Rand Paul And The Expiration Of The Patriot Act

During the last weekend in May, Kentucky Senator Rand Paul did something that is not easy to do – he managed to anger most Republicans and Democrats, the Senate Majority Leader (who is also the senior senator from Kentucky),...more

The USA Freedom Act: What it Changes and (Mostly) Doesn't for Cloud Services--And is it Really the Issue

The recent showdown over renewal of certain provisions of the USA Patriot Act (often called simply the Patriot Act) and the subsequent enactment of the USA Freedom Act have raised a number of questions about the ongoing...more

The E-Discovery Digest - June 2015

In This Issue: - - Attorney-Client Privilege/Work Product Decisions: ..Decisions Protecting Against Disclosure ..Decisions Ordering Disclosure - Spoliation and Preservation Decisions: ..Sanctions...more

Court Compels Production of Metadata (New Jersey)

Younes v. 7-Eleven, Inc., 2015 WL 126313 (D.N.J. Mar. 18, 2015). In this franchise dispute, the plaintiffs sought the metadata from two spreadsheets and 38 documents, arguing they needed the requested metadata because...more

FRANCHISEE 101: 7-Eleven Ordered to Disclose Metadata

A federal court has ordered 7-Eleven to disclose its metadata in three franchisees' claims that they were targeted for termination for financial, political and racially discriminatory reasons. Metadata is deep down "data...more

10 Onsite SEO Tips

There are so many complicated aspects to SEO we often forget about the smaller, foundational elements that can have an impact. These kinds of things are often overlooked, easy to change and (unlike a lot of other elements of...more

Court Untangles Dispute over Production Format, Orders Reasonably Usable Form (California)

Wilson v. Conair Corp., 2015 WL 1994270 (E.D. Cal. Apr. 30, 2015). In this consumer class action case, the plaintiffs asked for ESI production to be made in native file format or TIFF images, while the defendant argued...more

Future Unclear For NSA’s Bulk Telephone Metadata Collection Program

Fast approaching is the June 1 expiration of certain provisions of the Patriot Act, including § 215 (codified as 50 U.S.C § 1861), which is the basis for the National Security Agency’s (NSA) bulk telephone metadata collection...more

Second Circuit Rules PATRIOT Act Does Not Authorize Government's Bulk Telephone Metadata Collection Program

In yet another reminder of the importance of maintaining the privacy of personal information, the Second Circuit Court of Appeals, in ACLU v. Clapper, issued a unanimous decision striking down the National Security Agency’s...more

Wake-Up Call: Second Circuit Declares NSA’s Mass Telephone Surveillance Program Illegal; Defers Injunction While Congress Ponders...

Whatever your opinion of Edward Snowden, the shockwaves from his leaks of classified material continue to roil all three branches of the federal government. The latest wave broke last week when the United States Court of...more

Snowden Strikes Back: Mass Collection of Telephony Metadata Struck Down By the Second Circuit

As post-Snowden America well knows, for some years now the National Security Agency (NSA) has been collecting bulk telephone metadata under the authority of Section 215 of the PATRIOT Act and aggregating it into data banks...more

Whistleblower's Legacy: President Reforms Key Surveillance Law; Europe Questions Safe Harbor Regime

Nearly two years ago, Edward Snowden, a contractor working with the U.S. National Security Agency (“NSA”), revealed startling details of widespread surveillance practices by the U.S. government into telephone and Internet...more

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