Preponderance of the Evidence

News & Analysis as of

New Specialized Knowledge Standards Coming for L-1B Transfers

Multinational companies wishing to transfer foreign national employees to the U.S. under the L-1B program will have to show the employee’s “specialized knowledge” by a “preponderance of evidence” under new guidance published...more

Lessons Learned From the 1st Successful Pharmaceutical IPR Defense of Orange Book Listed Patents

In three petitions filed on the same day in 2013, styled Amneal v. Supernus, Amneal filed what appears to be the first challenge of Orange Book listed pharmaceutical patents that led to institution followed by a final...more

Fraudulent Transfers Get an Update in California

Why it matters - With the enactment of the Uniform Voidable Transaction Act (UVTA) to supersede the Uniform Fraudulent Transfer Act (UFTA), California has put a fresh spin on the law of fraudulent transfers in the state....more

USCIS Proposes: L-1B Adjudications Policy

The Key – Applying the “Preponderance of the Evidence” standard”? Immigration practitioners are trying to figure out what to make of the proposed Policy Memorandum on L-1B Adjudications Policy (hereinafter “Guidance”)...more

Third Circuit Weighs In On Burden of Proof and Evidentiary Standards Applicable to Cases Removed Under CAFA

Days before the Supreme Court’s decision addressing the requirements for CAFA notices of removal in Dart Cherokee Basin Operating Co., LLC v. Owens, the Third Circuit addressed the evidentiary requirements for surviving a...more

Institution Decisions and Dispositions for September 19, 2014

Institution Decisions - In Mercedes-Benz USA, LLC v. American Vehicular Sciences LLC, IPR2014-00644, Paper 12 (September 19, 2014) the Board instituted inter partes review of claims 1–3, 11–20, 23, 27, 50, 51, 54, 60,...more

W.D. Wash. Adopts Preponderance of the Evidence Standard for Elements of Class Cert., Rejects Numerosity Experts

The Western District of Washington recently adopted a “preponderance of the evidence” standard for establishing the prerequisites of Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 23 and denied class certification in a TCPA case because the...more

The Burdens And Standards Of Proof And Review

I expect that that most lawyers can explain the difference between the “burden of proof” and the “standard of proof”. Some lawyers might be more challenged in distinguishing between “standard of proof” and “standard of...more

Weekly Law Resume: Plaintiff in FEHA Discrimination or Retaliation Claim Must Prove by Preponderance of the Evidence That...

Lorena Alamo v. Practice Management Information Corporation - California Court of Appeal, Second Appellate District (August 21, 2013)- Following the termination of her employment, Lorena Alamo (“Alamo”), a billing...more

No Discount on Plaintiff’s Burden Under Rule 23(b)(3); Third Circuit Vacates Certification Decision Against Wal-Mart Due to...

In Hayes v. Wal-Mart Stores, Inc., No. 12-2522 (3d Cir. Aug. 2, 2013), the Third Circuit took the opportunity to elaborate and articulate on the ascertainability standard under Fed.R.Civ.P. 23(b)(3). In Hayes, the plaintiff...more

Toxic Tort and Environmental Law Update: January 2013 - New Jersey Supreme Court Clarifies Requisite Nexus for Liability Under...

In New Jersey Dept. of Environmental Protection v. Dimant, 212 N.J. 153 (2012), the New Jersey Supreme Court held that the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection (NJDEP) must establish, by a preponderance of the...more

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