Claim Construction

News & Analysis as of

Dependent Claims Give Rise to Improper Broadening Reissue

In ArcelorMittal France v. AK Steel Corp., the Federal Circuit found that the addition of a dependent claim to a reissue application improperly broadened the scope of the original independent claims beyond the two-year period...more

Federal Circuit Panel Reaffirms “Single Entity Rule” – One Infringer Must Be Responsible For Performing All Steps Of Methods...

On May 13, 2015, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit again considered the circumstances in which a defendant may be liable for direct infringement under 35 U.S.C. § 271(a) when multiple actors carry out the...more

Nearly Expired Is Not the Same as Expired: The Board Clarifies Claim Construction Standards for Inter Partes Review - Apple, Inc....

Addressing the standard to be applied for claim construction during inter partes review (IPR) proceedings, the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office’s (PTO) Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB or Board) declined to create an...more

IP Newsflash - May 2015 #3

FEDERAL CIRCUIT CASES - Federal Circuit Reverses Summary Judgment of Noninfringement Under § 271(e)(1) for Consideration of Certain Post-FDA-Submission Activities, But Expresses Skepticism About Infringement...more

Locke Lord QuickStudy: Means-Plus-Function Software Claims - Always, Always, (Almost) Always Disclose an Algorithm

On May 6, 2015, the Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit issued its decision in EON Corp. IP Holdings LLC v. AT&T Mobility LLC, 2014-1393, clarifying that for meeting the definiteness requirement of claims, a general...more

April Court Decision Round-Up

Note: Beginning this month, IP Law Tracker will highlight significant intellectual property decisions from the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit and the U.S. District Courts for the Eastern District of Michigan and...more

Non-Claimed Elements Cannot Transform an Abstract Idea - Agilysys, Inc. et al. v. Ameranth, Inc.

Addressing unpatentable subject matter under 35 U.S.C. §101, the Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB or Board) concluded that additional elements not recited or required by the claim, such as a non-limiting preamble, cannot...more

The Fact That an Argument Is a Loser Is Not Enough to Make It Stand Out in a Crowd

Order Denying Defendant’s Motions for Sanctions and Attorney Fees, Kreative Power, LLC, v. Monoprice, Inc., Case No. 14-cv-02991-SI (Judge Susan Illston) - Little more than a year has passed since the Supreme Court...more

Claims Are Construed Regarding Synthetic Elastomers

Stark, C.J. Claim construction opinion issues regarding 6 terms from one patent. A Markman hearing and tutorial took place on March 6, 2015....more

IP Newsflash - May 2015 #2

SUPREME COURT CASES - U.S. Supreme Court Remands Case to Federal Circuit to Review Patent Under Teva - On April 20, 2015, the U.S. Supreme Court remanded a case back to the U.S. Court of Appeal for the Federal...more

Compiling Successful IP Solutions for Software Developers [Video]

Patent eligibility for software has been in a state of flux ever since the 2014 Supreme Court ruling in Alice Corp. v. CLS Bank International. Attorneys Seth Northrop and David Prange discuss the two-step framework for...more

Opportunity for Equivalents in Claim Amendments

It is commonly held that the doctrine of equivalents is lost when claim amendments are made during patent prosecution. That is, any claim amendment that is made during patent prosecution surrenders or gives up elements which...more

Tips For Meeting The Evolving Standard For Indefiniteness

The U.S. Supreme Court reigned in the Federal Circuit’s indefiniteness standard for patent claims almost a year ago in Nautilus Inc. v. Biosig Instruments Inc. Recently, on April 27, 2015, the Federal Circuit revisited the...more

Noninfringement Arguments Prevail; Invalidity Arguments Fail

Burke, M.J. Report and Recommendation recommending that defendants’ motion for summary judgment of noninfringement be granted; defendants’ motion for summary judgment of invalidity be denied. Oral argument was held on...more

No More Soup For You – PTAB Rejects Second IPR Petition Under 35 U.S.C. § 325(d)

The Patent Trial and Appeal Board recently denied an IPR petition under 35 U.S.C. § 325(d) because the petitioner’s arguments were substantially similar to those it made in an earlier IPR petition. Both petitions involved...more

A Combination Is Not Obvious If It Is Beyond the Level of Ordinary Skill in the Art, and Other Lessons - MobileMedia Ideas LLC v....

Addressing issues of obviousness and claim construction, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit provided several important lessons in significantly modifying the district court judgment. MobileMedia Ideas LLC v....more

The “Totality of the Specification” Can Override a District Court’s Factual Findings - Enzo Biochem Inc. v. Applera Corp.

Giving little deference to the district court’s factual findings, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit reversed a district court’s claim construction in a long-running dispute relating to a patent for labeled and...more

Federal Circuit Holds Biosig’s Patent Definite Under New Standard

Applying the Supreme Court’s new “reasonable certainty” standard for patent definiteness in Biosig Instruments, Inc. v. Nautilus, Inc. (2015) (Nautilus III), the Federal Circuit again held that Biosig’s patent for a heart...more

Claim Term Relating To Cellular Transceivers Is Construed

The disputed technology relates to a cellular transceiver configured to communicate with a cellular wireless network. With trial scheduled to begin April 27, 2015, at the pre-trial conference the court invited the parties at...more

Markman Opinion Is Supplemented Following Evidentiary Hearing

Andrews, J. The court previously entered a Markman opinion on January 20, 2015. Declarations by experts were submitted on January 16, 2015 and an evidentiary hearing took place on January 23, 2015 regarding how a POSA would...more

Federal Circuit Review | April 2015

No Recovery Of Lost Profits From Related Companies’ Activities - In WARSAW ORTHOPEDIC, INC. v. NUVASIVE, INC., Appeal Nos. 2013-1576, -1577, the Federal Circuit held that a company was not entitled to lost profits based...more

IP Newsflash - April 2015 #3

DISTRICT COURT CASES - District Court Awards Attorney Fees Under its Inherent Powers Rather than 35 U.S.C. § 285 - On October 10, 2013, plaintiff MyMedicalRecords, Inc. (MMR) sued defendants claiming...more

Patents In the Shark Tank

My family and I enjoy watching Shark Tank. It’s a mix of business, technology, humor and, in some cases, is a testament to the entrepreneurial spirit of people. Of course, we realize it is mainly about entertainment. It...more

Context and Relationships among Claim Elements in Patents

A claim in a patent application or issued patent should express not only the building blocks of an invention but also the relationships among the building blocks. Understanding and expressing these relationships clearly in a...more

Words Of Degree Used In Oral Contraceptive Patent Are Indefinite

The disputed technology relates to an oral contraceptive regimen. During claim construction proceedings, the court found it was unable to construe the disputed terms containing words of degree – “High,” “low,”...more

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