Preemption

News & Analysis as of

Waiting for Gorsuch: SCOTUS Kicks Important Class-Action Waiver Case to Next Term

Last week, the United States Supreme Court informed litigants in Epic Systems Corp. v. Lewis that it is pushing the case to its October 2017 term. The lawsuit, which rose up through the Western District of Wisconsin and the...more

Food for Thought: A Review of 2016 Litigation

Food for Thought is a review of significant court decisions affecting the food, beverage, dietary supplements and personal care products industry. Although many cases in this edition focus on class certification, others...more

What Is “Product Liability”?

We’re serious – we’re not planning to give a flip answer like “an extortion racket.” No, it’s more like law school, where a first-year contracts professor began with the question “What is Chicken?” (Hint – that’s discussed...more

Federal Copyright Preemption Extends to Preempt State Laws Which Protect Material That Congress Expressly Declined to Protect...

Recently, we discussed the broad reach of the doctrine of Federal Copyright Preemption. In Ultraflo Corp. v. Pelican Tank Parts, Inc. 2017 U.S. App. LEXIS 509 (Jan. 11, 2017), the Fifth Circuit made clear that not only does...more

Riding Currents into New Markets: What Power Generation Developers and Contractors Should Watch Out For

The CPV St. Charles Energy Center, a new 725 MW combined-cycle gas power plant in Maryland, went online earlier this month. The U.S. Supreme Court analyzed federal preemption with respect to state regulation of power...more

Amendment 7 Stands Its Ground Against the Federal Patient Safety and Quality Improvement Act

It is well known in Florida that Article X, Section 25 of the Florida Constitution (Amendment 7) provides patients with access to any adverse medical incident report (even involving other patients) created by healthcare...more

Federal Whistleblower Laws Collide With The Attorney-Client Privilege: The Bio-Rad Case Study

Seyfarth Synopsis: Federal whistleblower laws collide with the in-house attorney-client privilege. The trial round goes to the whistleblower. The expected appellate round has still not been fought. In a February 7,...more

Client Alert: Florida Supreme Court Broadens Patient Access to Adverse Incident Reports

A recent decision by the Florida Supreme Court has significant implications regarding certain adverse incident reports previously viewed as outside the scope of permitted discovery. Florida health care providers currently...more

Un-Brotherly Love: The Commonwealth Seeks to Preempt Philadelphia’s WageEquity Ordinance Before It Takes Effect

The ink has yet to dry on Philadelphia’s newly-passed Wage Equity Ordinance and the Pennsylvania Senate has already passed a Bill that would preempt Philadelphia’s new law....more

Nursing Home Arbitration Agreements: A Changing Landscape

Because arbitration proceedings often offer a less costly and more efficient alternative to the burdens of protracted courtroom litigation, arbitration agreements are increasingly common in the nursing home industry. However,...more

Amendment 7 Prevails Over Patient Safety Work Product Protections

On January 31, the Florida Supreme Court ruled that the “Patient Safety Work Product” privilege cannot shield Florida health care providers from Amendment 7 requests. The court’s decision in Charles v. Southern Baptist...more

The Continued Uncertainty of Paid Sick Leave Laws

Just days after Cook County passed its Paid Sick Leave Ordinance on October 5, 2016, several Cook County suburbs began the process of opting out of the law. So far, four have successfully done so. On November 15, 2016,...more

Florida Supreme Court: Federal PSQIA Does Not Pre-empt State's Constitution

In Charles v. Southern Baptist Hospital of Florida, Inc., published on Jan. 31, 2017, the Florida Supreme Court held that the federal Patient Safety and Quality Improvement Act (PSQIA) is not and was never intended to be a...more

Misappropriation Versus the Copyright Act: Round 2 in the Fifth Circuit

A few months ago, Trade Secrets Watch covered the GlobeRanger Corp. case in which the Fifth Circuit joined 10 other circuits in determining that the Copyright Act does not preempt state trade secret misappropriation claims....more

Wage and Hour Update – Federal and Local Laws on the Chopping Block

During the Obama administration, federal agencies enacted wage and hour regulations that tended to favor employees, even while the federal minimum wage remained unchanged. State and local governments also played a role,...more

Magistrate Judge Rules SEC’s Attorney-Conduct Rules Preempt State Law

Last December, Chief Magistrate Judge Joseph C. Spero ruled that the SEC’s attorney-conduct rules preempt California’s statutory and professional rules requiring attorneys to maintain inviolate the confidences. Wadler v....more

Minnesota Legislature Moves Forward to Preempt Municipal Safe and Sick Leave and Wage Ordinances

The battle over paid sick leave and minimum wage ordinances at the municipal level moved to the Minnesota Legislature as its 2017–2018 session kicked off at the end of January. Several bills introduced in the 2017-2018...more

Return of the DAC — Drone Advisory Committee Holds Second Meeting

Last month marked the second meeting of the Federal Aviation Administration’s (FAA) Drone Advisory Committee (DAC). The meeting was held in Reno, Nevada and offered DAC members their first substantive opportunity to address a...more

Copyright and Trademark Case Review: Copyright Preemption, Software-as-a-Service and Popularity on the Internet

Copyright Decisions - Claim for Copying of Useful Article Design Preempted by Copyright Act: Ultraflo Corp. v. Pelican Tank Parts, Inc., No. 15-20084 (5th Cir. Jan. 11, 2017)...more

The Beginning of the National Bioengineered Food Disclosure Standard

In our last issue of the International Food Law Gazette, we reported on the changing legal landscape for the labeling of genetically engineered (GE) foods (more commonly referred to as genetically modified organisms, or GMO)....more

Judge Neil Gorsuch, the Supreme Court and Product Liability Litigation

What does the nomination of Judge Neil Gorsuch for the U.S. Supreme Court mean for product liability litigation? Judge Gorsuch may be similar enough to the late Justice Antonin Scalia as to first principles that near-term...more

Gorsuch Looks Pretty Good On Preemption

When we heard about Judge Neil Gorsuch being nominated for the United States Supreme Court, our first move was to enter his name in Westlaw along with the term “preemption.” That’s the constitutional doctrine most important...more

State of the States: Legislatures are off to the Races!

Most state legislatures are back in session, and they are poised to address a wide range of labor and employment issues this year. Since January 1, 2017, more than 500 employment-related bills have been proposed in more than...more

Fourth Circuit Concludes That State Law Claims For Life Insurance Benefits Are Preempted

The Fourth Circuit recently concluded that a Sears employee’s state law claims seeking money damages based on denial of insurance benefits (for failure to submit evidence of insurability questionnaire) was preempted by...more

Business Cybersecurity: Two Recent Court Decisions Highlight the Need to Take Preemptive Action Against Data Breaches

Nowadays, the prudent business owner should be cognizant of cybersecurity and the public relations and legal costs that can arise from a data breach. By holding personal information of customers, employees, or anyone else,...more

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