Preemption

News & Analysis as of

Immigration Law Does Not Preempt State Wage and Hour Claims, Says Court

In case there was any question, an Indiana staffing company, Access Therapies, learned late last month that the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) does not absolve employers of their responsibilities under state wage and...more

First Circuit Favors Broad Application of Analogue to Airline Deregulation Act Preemption Provision

On September 30, 2014, in Massachusetts Delivery Association v. Coakley, No. 13-2307 (September 30, 2014), the First Circuit Court of Appeals overturned a lower court’s refusal to preempt a Massachusetts independent...more

ERISA’s “Overlapping Fields of Fire” Preempt Wisconsin’s Family and Medical Leave Act

Wisconsin’s Family and Medical Leave Act (“WFMLA”), requires that employers allow employees six weeks of unpaid leave following “[t]he birth of an employee’s natural child,” and that employers allow an employee to substitute...more

First District Holds CEQA’s Application To Public Agency’s Approval of Railroad Operations Is Preempted By Federal Law Despite...

The North Coast Railroad Authority (NCRA), a public agency established by state law, contracted with Northwestern Pacific Railroad Company (NWPRC) to allow NWPRC to conduct freight services on tracks controlled by NCRA....more

CEQA Alert: CEQA Does Not Apply to Approval of Proposed Railroad Operations – Express Preemption by ICCTA

California’s First Appellate District has held that federal law preempts CEQA’s application to the approval of proposed railroad operations. Although this was an issue of first impression for a California appellate court,...more

Flash No. 43 - A Favorable Decision Regarding the Massachusetts "ABC" Test

The saga surrounding the challenges to the Massachusetts “ABC” Test for independent contractors has taken a potentially positive turn for the transportation industry. A decision issued by the U.S. Court of Appeals for the...more

Federal Law Governing Foreign Risk Retention Groups Preempts State Law That Prohibits Mandatory Arbitration Clauses In Insurance...

The Nebraska Supreme Court has held that Nebraska’s statute prohibiting mandatory arbitration clauses in insurance policies is preempted by the Liability Risk Retention Act of 1986 (LRRA). At issue was a professional...more

Reg A+ Debate Continues

The debate regarding state preemption for Tier 2 Regulation A+ offerings appears to continue. Late last week, a group of Congressmen sent a letter to SEC Chair White reaffirming their view that the SEC has authority to...more

Health Plans Petition the Supreme Court to Determine Whether FEHBA Preempts State Anti-Subrogation Statutes

The Federal Employees Health Benefit Act (FEHBA) governs federal employee health plans and contains a broad preemption clause comparable to the one found in ERISA.1 Despite the similarity, state and federal courts are split...more

Misclassified Employees Not Barred From Recovering Damages Based on Value of ERISA Plan Benefits They Should Have Been Provided:...

A federal court has held that plaintiffs who proved they had been misclassified as independent contractors, and should have been considered employees, could recover money damages under state law based on the value of the...more

Food Litigation Newsletter - September 2014

In This Issue: - Recent Significant Developments And Rulings ..Voluntary Dismissal in Frito-Lay Pretzel Case ..Court Denies Motion to Dismiss in Florida "Natural" Action ..Court Embraces Standing...more

Sixth Circuit says ERISA does not preempt state law claim for fraudulent inducement.

The Sixth Circuit recently held that ERISA did not preempt a plan participant’s claim for state law fraudulent inducement. McCarthy v. Ameritech Pub., Inc., No. 12-4510, 2014 WL 3930572 (6th Cir. 2014). Defendant-API’s...more

Ongoing Reglan Litigation — New Appellate Ruling

Earlier this week, a Missouri appeals court issued an opinion that will hopefully have a significant impact on ongoing litigation against the manufacturers of metoclopramide, the generic version of Reglan. In this latest...more

Tennessee Adopts Expansive Trade Secret Preemption Standard

In a case of first impression decided August 19, 2014, the Tennessee Court of Appeals has decided the standard for determining the scope of preemption under the Tennessee Uniform Trade Secrets Act (TUTSA). The court adopted a...more

Federal Preemption Defense Running Out of Gas?

Recent decisions by the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals and the California Supreme Court have thrown a road block in the way of employers relying on a federal statute to preempt certain state wage-and-hour law claims. At issue...more

Food Litigation Newsletter - August 2014

In This Issue: - Recent Significant Rulings ..Court Dismisses Most of plaintiff’s Claims Based on Regulatory Violations ..Court Dismisses MSG Claims in Part on Preemption Grounds ..Court Partially...more

Reviewing Courts' Approaches to State or Local Control of Hydraulic Fracturing

While many debates over hydraulic fracturing continue throughout the oil and gas industry, a growing number of state courts are addressing the "home rule" argument, or in this case, whether local governments within the state...more

Huskey V. Ethicon: Case Survives Federal Preemption Argument by Ethicon

Johnson & Johnson’s Ethicon division tried, as it had before, to have its upcoming federal transvaginal mesh case thrown out of court. The healthcare giant was unsuccessful. On July 8, Judge Joseph Goodwin, who is...more

California Dividend Statutes Found To Preempt Common Law Claims

Chapter 5 of the California Corporations Code imposes specific limitations on “distributions to shareholders”, a term defined in Corporations Code section 166. Directors who approve the making of any distribution to...more

The Ninth Circuit Puts Up Road Block to Motor Carrier Arguing that California Break Laws are Preempted by the FAAA Act, But Leaves...

On Wednesday, the United States Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals rendered a decision that, on its face, involved a technical preemption issue, but one that will have serious repercussions for those in the transportation...more

Aviation Flyer - Summer 2014

In This Issue: - Forum Non Conveniens - A Defendant’s Initial Impulse Could Be The Riskiest - Providing Information To Expert Witnesses: A Quick Guide To The Proper Procedures And Potential Pitfalls -...more

NY High Court Hears Fracking Preemption Cases

Earlier this month the New York State Court of Appeals heard oral argument in Matter of Norse Energy USA v. Town of Dryden and Cooperstown Holstein v. Town of Middlefield, in which the Court has been asked to decide whether...more

How Courts Have Ruled on the Still-open Issue of Whether the Clean Air Act Preempts State Common Law Tort Suits

In its landmark 2011 decision in American Electric Power Co., Inc. v. Connecticut, et al., 131 S.Ct. 2527 (2011), the U.S. Supreme Court held that the Clean Air Act (CAA) and the actions by the U.S. Environmental Protection...more

United States Supreme Court Holds that CERCLA Allows State Statutes of Repose to Limit Plaintiffs’ Injury Claims

This week, the United States Supreme Court issued a ruling of interest to any Potentially Responsible Party regarding the effect of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) on state...more

ERISA Litigation: What Benefits and Other Professionals Need to Know

In This Presentation: - Stephens v. Citation Corp. (N.D. Ala. 2010) (Acker, J.) - Erisa Topics Today - ERISA Preemption: Good or Bad? - Provident Internal Memorandum re: ERISA, Oct. 2,...more

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