Preemption

News & Analysis as of

Federal Court Strikes Down Lincolnshire’s “Right to Work” Ordinance

Recently, the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Illinois held that the Village of Lincolnshire’s municipal ordinance regulating union activities was invalid under federal law. The ruling is a defeat for...more

Courts Disagree on Whether Locally Enacted "Right-to-Work" Laws Are Pre-empted by the NLRA - Illinois District Court and Sixth...

The National Labor Relations Act (NLRA) generally permits private sector employers and unions to agree to include "union security" provisions in their collective bargaining agreements. Union security provisions promote...more

California Employment Law Notes - January 2017

$90 Million Judgment Reinstated: Employers Must Relieve Employees Of All Duties During Their Rest Periods - Augustus v. ABM Sec. Servs., Inc., 2016 WL 7407328 (Cal. S. Ct. 2016) - Jennifer Augustus filed this...more

Five Gnostic Exemptions From The Qualification Requirements Of The Corporate Securities Law

When looking for exemptions from the qualification requirements of the California Corporate Securities Law of 1968, a good place to start is Chapter 1, Part 2, Division 1 of Title 4 of the Corporations Code. Cal. Corp. Code...more

InterConnect FLASH! No. 59 - Massachusetts "ABC" Test Court Decision: Fresh Application On Old Spin

Over the last two years, the Benesch Transportation & Logistics Team has written in various installments of the FLASH about the Massachusetts Independent Contractor Law, Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 149, §148B (the “Massachusetts...more

Massachusetts High Court Rules Prong Two of Independent Contractor Test is Severable for FAAAA Preemption Purposes

Massachusetts’s highest court recently issued a decision that impacts the ability of delivery companies operating in the commonwealth to use independent contractors in providing delivery services. In Chambers v. RDI...more

Federal Court Paves Way for Local ‘Right to Work’ Laws

Local governments may enact “right to work” laws, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit, in Cincinnati, has held. United Auto Workers v. Hardin County, No. 16-5246 (Nov. 18, 2016). The Court ruled that such a law is...more

California Court Permits Whistleblowing Lawyer To Use Privileged Information

A California Federal Magistrate Judge in Sanford S. Wadler v. Bio-Rad Laboratories Inc. et al., No. 3:15-cv-02356 (N.D. Cal. Dec. 20, 2016), recently ruled that the Sarbanes-Oxley Act preempts California’s ethical rules...more

Despite Privilege, GC May Pursue Whistleblower Retaliation Suit under SOX and Dodd–Frank

California’s USDC–ND ruled that Bio-Rad Laboratories’ former General Counsel may use privileged communications to prove his retaliatory-discharge case prosecuted under Sarbanes–Oxley and Dodd–Frank’s whistleblower...more

New York Court of Appeals Says No Common Law Public Performance Right For Pre-1972 Sound Recordings

On December 20, 2016, the New York Court of Appeals, the highest court in the state, held that no common law public performance right exists for pre-1972 sound recordings. The issue of whether a common law public performance...more

SDNY Applies Preemption in Favor of Branded Drug

On January 3, 2017, we commenced the dreary process of taking down the Christmas decorations. The German nutcrackers slid back into their cartons. Stockings marched from the mantle into plastic storage containers. We picked...more

Massachusetts SJC Strikes a Blow to Massachusetts Independent Contractor Statute

Seyfarth Synopsis: The Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court recently held that the FAAAA preempts the second prong of the Massachusetts Independent Contractor Statute as applied to certain delivery drivers. Although the...more

Health Care Institutions

Originally published in Haig, Business and Commercial Litigation in Federal Courts, Fourth Edition §§ 87:1 et seq. © 2016 American Bar Association. This chapter discusses federal court litigation relating to health care...more

Eighth Circuit Confirms Split in Airline Deregulation Act Pre-emption

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit has set up a circuit split for the U.S. Supreme Court in Watson v. Air Methods Corp., 834 F.3d 891 (8th Cir. 2016). In Watson, the Eight Circuit affirmed its precedent...more

The Peaks – The Ten Best Prescription Drug/Medical Device Decisions of 2016

Today we’re going peak bagging – no, not to the Canadian Rockies or Patagonia (we leave that to Bexis) – for the high points in this year’s drug/medical device product liability jurisprudence. Last week, we visited the...more

Labor and Employment Group News: Independent Contractor or “Employee, Inc.”?

It is usually the case that when you contract for services with another company you have engaged it as an "independent contractor." And, as a result, its employees cannot claim that you owe them overtime pay....more

Court Holds School Districts Not Barred by State Law from Prohibiting Firearms on School Property

In two separate cases, a Michigan Court of Appeals panel determined that state law does not preempt public school policies relating to the possession of firearms in schools and at school-sponsored events. In the lead case,...more

Nebraska Real Estate And Nebraska Borrowers, But Federal Arbitration Act Applies

In a fight over whether a single lending transaction involved interstate commerce, the Supreme Court of Nebraska found the Federal Arbitration Act (FAA) applied and preempted its state arbitration act. Wilczewski v. Charter...more

EPA reveals first 10 chemicals to be reviewed under a more robust toxic substances act

On November 29, 2016, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency announced the first 10 chemicals that it will evaluate for potential risks to human health and the environment under the Toxic Substances Control Act (“TSCA”), 15...more

The Latest Memorandum from USPTO on Subject Matter Eligibility Provides Additional Guidance for Post-Alice Prosecution

On November 2, 2016, the United States Patent and Trademark Office ("USPTO") issued a memorandum to Examiners ("Memorandum") updating the USPTO's May 2016 subject matter eligibility ("SME") guidance in light of recent...more

10th Circuit: NM Laws Purporting To Authorize “Self-Help” Preempted

On December 8, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit decided the case of United States v. Board of County Commissioners of Otero County, New Mexico. The Tenth Circuit held that a New Mexico statute and resolution...more

Implied Preemption and Monograph Drugs

The Reed Smith blogging team has just returned from this year’s annual ACI Drug & Medical Device Litigation conference. In addition to excessive amounts of eating, drinking, and socializing (now called “networking”), we kept...more

Toxic Tort & Product Liability Quarterly Vol. 9, No. 4, December 2016

DC High Court Adopts Daubert Approach to Expert Testimony - In a direct victory for mobile phone manufacturers and service providers, and with implications for any other case involving expert testimony in the District of...more

The Supreme Court - December, 2016

The Supreme Court of the United States granted certiorari in seven cases on Friday afternoon: Impression Products, Inc. v. Lexmark International, Inc., No. 15-1189: 1) Whether a "conditional sale" that transfers title to...more

Supreme Court Update: Bravo-Fernandez V. United States (15-537) And Order List

12.2.2016 Greetings Court Fans! The Court issued its first signed opinion of the term this week, a unanimous decision in Bravo-Fernandez v. United States (15-537) holding that the Double Jeopardy Clause does not bar the...more

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