Price Discrimination

News & Analysis as of

Ninth Circuit Issues “Antitrust Primer for Aftermarket Issues” in Aerotec

In a precedent-setting opinion, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit in Aerotec International, Inc. v. Honeywell International, Inc., No. 14-15562, 2016 WL 4709868 (9th Cir. Sept. 9, 2016), affirmed the summary...more

UK’s FCA Weighs in on Insurers’ Use of Big Data

On September 21, the United Kingdom's financial regulator, the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA), released a "Feedback Statement" after completing a review of insurance industry responses to its November 2015 "Call for...more

Seventh Circuit Reverses Promotional Service Decision Under the Robinson-Patman Act

On August 12, 2016, the Seventh Circuit decided Woodman’s Food Market, Inc. v. Clorox Co., No. 15-3001, and held that Clorox’s refusal to sell bulk-sized packages of certain products to some retailers, like Woodman’s, when it...more

Package Size Is Not a “Service” Under Section 2(e) of the Robinson-Patman Act, Says Seventh Circuit in Clorox

On August 12, the Seventh Circuit issued its decision in Woodman’s Food Market v. Clorox Co., an appeal that we have been watching closely. The Seventh Circuit’s ruling, which held that product package size is not a...more

Refusal to Sell Bulk-Size Packs, Without More, Is Not Price Discrimination – “Size is Not a Service”

Woodman’s Food Market, Inc. v. Clorox Co., No. 15-3001 (7th Cir. August 12, 2016). Clorox Sales Company and Clorox Company produce a range of consumer goods. Clorox sold goods to Plaintiff Woodman’s Food Market, a...more

New Rebar Anti Dumping Investigation May Carry Major Implications for Canada’s Construction Industry

On August 19, 2016, the Canada Border Services Agency (“CBSA”) initiated an anti-dumping investigation into concrete reinforcing bar (also known as rebar) imported from Belarus, Chinese Taipei, Hong Kong, Japan, Portugal and...more

High Prices = Unfair Trade Practices?

Does N.C. Gen. Stat. § 75-1.1 ever support liability simply because the price of a good or service is too high? To our surprise, a recent decision from the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of North Carolina...more

Seventh Circuit Reverses Package Size Promotional Service Decision Under the Robinson-Patman Act

On August 12, 2016, the Seventh Circuit reversed the district court decision allowing Woodman’s Food Market, Inc.’s (Woodman’s) price discrimination lawsuit against The Clorox Company and The Clorox Sales Company (Clorox) to...more

Seventh Circuit Decrees That Package Size Alone Is Not Enough for a Robinson-Patman Claim

On August 12, 2016, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit issued an opinion in Woodman's Farm Market, Inc. v. The Clorox Co., No. 15-3001 (7th Cir. August 12, 2016), in which it held that a plaintiff cannot state...more

Inside M&A - August 2016

Recent Enforcement Trends in Divestiture Packages - The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) and US Department of Justice’s (DOJ) Antitrust Division have been actively challenging mergers and acquisitions (M&A) across a...more

Gender-Based Price Discrimination: California Seeks to Extend Law to Prohibit Discrimination in Pricing of Gender-Specific Goods

California is taking on gender price discrimination. California law already prevents businesses from gender-based price discrimination for services such as haircuts, alterations, and dry cleaning. A recently proposed bill...more

Soda bottler has bitter taste from alleged Pepsi price-fixing

A recent complaint charges PepsiCo Inc. with several antitrust violations, including price fixing and predatory pricing in violation of Section 1 of the Sherman Act, conspiracy and attempt to monopolize in violation of...more

7th Circuit Not Convinced That Bulk Packaging Constitutes a Promotional Service Under The Robinson-Patman Act

The Robinson-Patman Act (the “RPA” or the “Act”) is designed to ensure fair competition among purchasers. The Act separately addresses different forms of unlawful discrimination between competing purchasers — section 2(a)...more

Morton Salt Presumption Of Injury Under Robinson-Patman Act

Plaintiffs and appellants, the disfavored purchasers in a Robinson-Patman Act case, were twenty-eight retail pharmacies who alleged that the pharmaceutical manufacturer defendants had charged them higher prices than those...more

Second Circuit tells pharmacies the antitrust claims they cooked up need more than a little Morton Salt

Cash & Henderson Drugs, Inc. v. Johnson & Johnson, recently decided by the Second Circuit, concerns Robinson-Patman Act claims that retail pharmacies brought against pharmaceutical manufacturers. The retail pharmacies alleged...more

Discriminating Tastes: Court Puts Long-running Robinson-Patman Act Case To Rest

Described as the Rodney Dangerfield of the antitrust laws, the Robinson-Patman Act—which prohibits anticompetitive price discrimination—gets no respect. The Justice Department and the Federal Trade Commission unapologetically...more

9th Circuit Erects Statutory Standing Bar to Appeals Challenging FERC Section 211A Orders

On August 10, 2015, the United States Court of Appeals for the 9th Circuit, in Northwest Requirements Utilities v. FERC, denied several petitions for review of Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) orders requiring...more

All Eyes on Woodman’s: Bulk Packaging as Promotional Services Under the RPA

Manufacturers of goods and their attorneys are keeping close watch on the case developing between Woodman's Markets and Clorox. At issue is a manufacturer's ability to use large-packaged goods to work around the price...more

AlarMax’s Robinson-Patman Claims Against Honeywell Survive

AlarMax Distributors Inc. may pursue price discrimination claims under the Robinson-Patman Act (RPA) against Honeywell International Inc., a federal judge in Pennsylvania ruled last week. Fire and security product distributor...more

June Antitrust Bulletin

Two recent decisions by the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Wisconsin reached back decades for precedent to allow a novel price discrimination suit under the Robinson-Patman Act to proceed. Woodman’s Food...more

Harper Review: Implications for networks businesses

The Final Harper Competition Policy Review Report (Harper Review) was released on 31 March 2015. We set out below the key potential implications for networks businesses....more

Tennessee Court of Appeals Rejects Dormant Commerce Clause Challenge to Cable Exemption in DIRECTV, Inc. v. Roberts

The Tennessee Court of Appeals held on February 27, 2015, that the Tennessee Cable Exemption, which exempts the first $15 of cable television service from sales tax, does not violate the Commerce Clause of the United States...more

California Joins Maryland and Ohio in Addressing “Price Optimization”

The California Insurance Commissioner issued a notice on February 18, 2015 to more than 750 property and casualty insurers doing business in California, announcing that “any use of Price Optimization in the ratemaking/pricing...more

“Plausibility” and the Non-Conspiracy Elements of Antitrust Claims

In Bell Atlantic Co. v. Twombly, the Supreme Court injected a “plausibility” standard into Rule 12(b)(6) for claims asserting an alleged antitrust conspiracy. Since then, lower courts, scholars, and practitioners have written...more

FTC May Waste Time Updating Price-Bias Guide, Attys Say By Melissa Lipman

Originally published in Law360 on November 29, 2012. The Federal Trade Commission sought public comment Wednesday on updating 20-year-old guidelines governing a much maligned price discrimination law, but attorneys...more

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