Prior Art United States Patent and Trademark Office

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Case shows ever-changing nature of patent law

The America Invents Act (AIA), passed almost five years ago, continues to substantially change patent law in the United States — and questions about the law’s effects are still being litigated. One important question...more

Generalized Common Sense Allegations Cannot Be Used to Supply Important Missing Claim Limitation

Addressing the use of common sense for an obviousness analysis, the US Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit held that conclusory statements about common sense cannot be used to supply missing claim limitations that play a...more

Yeda Research and Development Co. v. Abbott GmbH & Co. (Fed. Cir. 2016)

Before the Supreme Court's recent forays into the topic of subject matter eligibility in patent law, the most contentious line of cases (from the Federal Circuit) concerned the written description requirement of Section 112. ...more

Federal Circuit: Go whole-hog on validity below if you want to contest an independent determination of invalidity on appeal

Think you’ve won on validity at the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office’s Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB) and your claims are safe on appeal? “Not so fast,” says the Federal Circuit in Software Rights Archive, LLC v....more

USPTO Issues Notice of Roundtable and Request for Comments on Importing Prior Art Automatically and Streamlining Patent Issuance

Last month, the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office published a notice in the Federal Register (81 Fed. Reg. 59197) requesting written comments regarding two issues: (1) how the Office can better leverage other applications...more

Federal Circuit Will Review PTAB Rules for Claim Amendments in AIA Reviews

The full US Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit has issued an order granting en banc review of the Patent Trial and Appeal Board’s (PTAB’s or Board’s) rules governing amendments filed in the course of America Invents Act...more

Despite PTAB “Sweet Talk” Federal Circuit Reverses Invalidity Of Deicing Patent

The Federal Circuit reversed a Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB) invalidity decision last week that had found a patent for a molasses-based, road deicing agent obvious over earlier patents on sugar-related inventions. The...more

Help The USPTO Leverage Prior Art From Related Patent Applications

The USPTO is seeking input on how it can leverage prior art information available on-line in related patent applications in order to “improve patent examination quality and efficiency” and reduce “applicant’s burden to...more

Roadmap to Software Patent Eligibility

Recent Federal Circuit cases provide direction on how to satisfy the PTO or the federal courts that software is eligible for a patent. Some key points include: - New ways of organizing data - New connections between...more

Patents: Important Facts, Takeaways, and Pitfalls to Avoid

1. Broad Claim Scope is Key. Merely getting a patent is not the goal. The goal is to maximize the scope of meaningful patent protection to which your invention is entitled. Put yourself in a competitor’s shoes - how would you...more

In re Aqua Products, Inc. -- CAFC Grants Rehearing En Banc to Consider PTAB Motions to Amend

On Friday, August 13, 2016, the Federal Circuit granted a petition for rehearing en banc filed in the In re Aqua Products, Inc. case to consider two questions related to the PTAB's treatment of Motions to Amend in IPR...more

Magnum Offers New Path for Challenging AIA Decisions: Burden of Production

On July 25, 2016, the Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit (CAFC) held in In re Magnum Oil Tools International (Newman, O’Malley & Chen) that the burden of production to show unobviousness does not shift to a patent owner...more

Supreme Court Holds that a Decision to Institute an IPR Proceeding Is Not Subject to Judicial Review and that the USPTO May Use...

On June 20, 2016, the Supreme Court issued its decision in Cuozzo Speed Technologies, LLC v. Lee which involved an appeal from the first decision by the Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit from an Inter Partes Review...more

Same-Day Continuing Applications are Co-pending under s. 120

The outcome of this question of statutory construction was not really in doubt, given the fact that an adverse holding could invalidate thousands of patents which needed same-day copendency to avoid intervening prior art....more

Computer Generated Prior Art

An old adage states that an infinite number of monkeys typing for an infinite amount of time will surely produce Shakespeare’s Hamlet. In a similar vein, the web site All Prior Art seeks to use computers and algorithms to...more

USPTO Releases Update on Patent Eligibility Decision in Light of Enfish

On May 19, the USPTO released an update to patent examiners regarding the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit’s (CAFC) recent decision in Enfish, LLC v. Microsoft Corp. and TLI Communications LLC v. A.V. Automotive,...more

“Unclean Hands” Doctrine Erases Merck’s Damage Award

In my last post on the district court’s ruling in Gilead v. Merck, I implied that Gilead had convinced the Judge that Merck had employed inequitable conduct (“IC”) in conducting its negotiations with Pharmasset, the company...more

Merck’s Solvaldi® Patents Unenforceable for Egregious Misconduct

In Gilead Sciences, Inc. v. Merck & Co., Inc., Case No. 13-cv-04057-BLE (N.D. Cal., June 6, 2016), Judge Beth Freeman, sitting in equity, found that the record compelled a finding that Merck and its employee “D” had obtained...more

MBHB Snippets: A review of developments in Intellectual Property Law - Volume 14, Issue 2 (Spring 2016)

Pre-AIA and Post-AIA Issues Presented by the On-Sale Bar - The “on-sale” bar to patentability refers to a sale or offer for sale of an invention that can invalidate the patent for that invention. The...more

Pre-AIA and Post-AIA Issues Presented by the On-Sale Bar

The “on-sale” bar to patentability refers to a sale or offer for sale of an invention that can invalidate the patent for that invention. The America-Invents-Act (AIA), which altered the language in the statutes that apply to...more

In re Aqua Products, Inc.: Federal Circuit Continues To Uphold PTAB Limits on Motions To Amend

Although the America Invents Act permits patent owners to file motions to amend claims in a patent under review, see e.g., 35 U.S.C. § 316(d), patentees generally have been unsuccessful in seeking amendments. The USPTO has...more

Prior Art: When On Sale Is Not 'On Sale'

Pursuant to Section 102 of the Patent Act, the “on-sale” bar can invalidate a patent when the claimed invention has been the subject of a commercial sale or offer for sale, and the invention is ready for patenting. Prior to...more

May 2016: Patent Litigation Update

District Court Rules Non-Public Sales or Offers for Sale No Longer Apply to the “On-Sale” Bar Under the AIA. The on-sale statutory bar is a limitation on patentability that prohibits an inventor from obtaining a patent, when...more

IPR Motions to Amend: Rays of Hope Despite Gloomy Statistics

The America Invents Act permits patent owners to move to amend claims of a patent subject to inter partes review. However, attempts to amend claims have been largely unsuccessful to date, and some of the hurdles patent owners...more

USPTO Issues Subject Matter Eligibility Update

On May 5, 2016, the USPTO published a Memorandum to the Patent Examining Corps titled “Formulating a Subject Matter Eligibility Rejection and Evaluating the Applicant’s Response to a Subject Matter Eligibility Rejection.” The...more

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