Probable Cause

News & Analysis as of

Southern District Opinion Allows Seizure of Emails From Host Provider With Minimal Showing of Probable Cause

A Southern District of New York Magistrate Judge last week approved the government’s ability to conduct searches and seizures of entire email accounts stored by third-party providers like Google, Microsoft, Yahoo! and Apple...more

BB&K Police Bulletin: Police Can Stop Reckless Driver Based On Anonymous Tip

Officers Had Reasonable Suspicion of Criminal Activity Based Upon the Totality of the Circumstances - Overview: The Supreme Court recently held that peace officers who conducted a traffic stop and searched a vehicle...more

BB&K Police Bulletin: Medicinal Marijuana and Probable Cause

Possession of Any Amount of Medicinal Marijuana Enough to Search Automobile - Overview: A California Court of Appeal has ruled that a law enforcement officer’s observation of any amount of marijuana in a vehicle...more

High Court Deals Major Blow To Criminal Defendants

The U.S. Supreme Court’s 6-3 decision in Kaley v. United States, 571 U.S. __, Case No. 12-464 (Feb. 25, 2014) essentially finds that the grand jury should have the last word. The Kaley case involved the right to counsel when...more

Supreme Court Holds That Criminal Defendants Challenging Pre-Trial Asset Seizure Cannot Contest a Grand Jury’s Determination of...

On February 25, 2014, in Kaley v. United States, the U.S. Supreme Court held 6-3 that criminal defendants challenging the legality of a §853(e)(1) pre-trial asset seizure may not contest a grand jury's determination of...more

U.S. Supreme Court Restricts Challenges to Pretrial Seizure of Defense Funds

The U.S. Supreme Court recently weakened a criminal defendant's ability to challenge the Government's pretrial seizure of assets that a defendant has allocated for mounting a defense. In Kaley v. United States, the Court...more

Second Circuit Holds That New York City Commission On Human Rights’ Procedures Satisfy Constitutional Due Process

Rosu v. City of New York, No. 13-cv-243 (2d Cir. Feb. 7, 2014): Underlying this case, Mircea Rosu filed a complaint with the New York City Commission on Human Rights alleging that his manager and coworkers discriminated...more

Maine Legislature to Consider Employer Drug Policies

Over the next few months, the Maine Legislature will be considering substance abuse policy regulation. Senator Andre Cushing has introduced a bill, LD 1669, An Act To Standardize and Simplify the Process for Employers To...more

Establishing the “Probable Cause” Element of a Malicious Prosecution claim

The complex tort of malicious prosecution is frequently threatened yet rarely fully understood. One of the trickier elements to establish is that the prior action was filed and/or continued without probable cause. Just...more

Federal Judge Rejects NYPD’s ‘Stop and Frisk’ Policies

In a decision issued today that could potentially change the way police operate in the Big Apple, U.S. District Judge Shira A. Scheindlin (S.D.N.Y.) ruled that, for years, New York City police officers have been...more

Question Of Fact Exists Whether Officer Had Probable Cause To Arrest A Man Sleeping In A Car For DUI; Judges Grapple Over Standard...

In Romo v. Largen, on interlocutory appeal, the Sixth Circuit affirmed the Western District of Michigan's decision that reasonable minds could differ as to whether Officer Jeff Largen had probable cause to arrest Candido...more

BB&K Police Bulletin: Search Warrants - BB&K Victory Securing Qualified Immunity Controls in Child Molestation Case

Overview: The Ninth Circuit recently refused to suppress evidence of child pornography found on the iPod of an alleged child molester during a search of his home. The court explained that the outcome was controlled by its...more

Court to Rule on Exceptions to Warrant Requirement for GPS Tracking

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the 3rd Circuit is set to become the first federal appellate court to answer the question left open by the Supreme Court in United States v. Jones. Last year, the Court held in Jones that a...more

Do Undercover Cops Have Unlimited Power?

Fans of the television show Breaking Bad remember the scene when Badger, the drug dealer, refused to sell drugs to a man he suspected was an undercover cop. The man managed to convince Badger that he was just a regular guy,...more

Arrested In Cleveland: What Now?

Knowing your rights and what to do with them is important when you face arrest in Cleveland. The sole focus of our law firm is criminal defense. We handle drug crimes and various state and federal offenses, and we know that...more

"Ruff" Ruling For Defendant: Supreme Court Says Dog's Alert To Drugs Is Reliable Based On All Of The Circumstances

In Florida v. Harris, a recent case decided on February 19, 2013, the Supreme Court held that a dog's alert can be sufficient to establish probable cause if all of the facts surrounding a dog's alert, viewed through the lens...more

Overview Of Search And Seizure Laws

Search and seizure is fundamental element of criminal practice. It ties in directly with the process of discovery and the doctrines of reasonable suspicion and probable cause. It is a constitutional guarantee as expressed in...more

Facebook needs a "probable cause" button.

Are you proud to have lots of Facebook "friends?" Well, any one of them can give strangers, including the U.S. Government, access to your account. Your privacy settings won't completely bar access by strangers. In an August...more

Facebook "Friends", 4th Amendment Privacy & Probable Cause

A recent court decision has added support to the idea that there is no privacy on the internet. In United States v. Meregildo, defendant Melvin Colon moved to suppress evidence seized from his Facebook account pursuant...more

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