Promissory Notes Mortgages

News & Analysis as of

Foreclosure of Mortgage Securing Electronic Promissory Note Affirmed

Florida’s Fourth District Court of Appeal recently issued its mandate in Rivera v. Wells Fargo Bank, N.A. confirming the finality of its decision to uphold the enforcement of an electronic promissory note (“e-note”) in a...more

The Fourth DCA Issues Florida’s First District Court Opinion Specifically Ruling that Promissory Notes are Negotiable Instruments

The Fourth District Court of Appeal recently held that a promissory note is a negotiable instrument even though it references provisions in the mortgage. Onewest Bank, FSB v. Jose Nunez, Case No. 4D13-48176, 2016 WL 803542...more

Commentary on Elsman: Copy of Note Attached to Complaint May Evidence Standing to Foreclose

With its recently-issued opinion in Elsman v. HSBC Bank USA as Trustee for MLMI 2006-AF1, slip op. 5D14-1753, 41 Fla. L. Weekly D57b, 2015 WL 9491875 (Dec. 31, 2015), the Fifth DCA has added to a growing body of case law...more

Florida’s Fourth DCA Provides Clarity on Proofs Required to Enforce Promissory Note Specially Indorsed to Another

In Bank of New York Mellon Trust Company v. Dennis M. Conley, 4D14-2430 (Fla. 4th DCA Jan. 6, 2016), Florida’s Fourth District Court of Appeal clarified the methods by which a foreclosure plaintiff can seek to enforce a note...more

Equitable Liens: No Mortgage Does Not Necessarily Mean No Lien

Marcum v. Marcum (In re Marcum), 508 B.R. 499 (Bankr. M.D. Fla. 2014) – A creditor made two prepetition loans to a chapter 13 debtor for payment of delinquent real estate taxes. The loans were supposed to be secured by...more

Foreclosure Plaintiffs Cannot Rely Solely on Their Status as Parent Corporation

The ownership of the promissory note by a subsidiary corporation of the Plaintiff cannot alone establish standing to foreclose. In HSBC Bank USA, N.A. v. Ryan Kahan, et al., the Court granted the borrowers’ motion for...more

Florida Appellate Court Provides Guidance on Proof Required to Enforce Lost Negotiable Instruments

As Florida works through its foreclosure backlog, many of the cases remaining are those with complications, for example a lost promissory note. Such issues are not insurmountable, but do require an attention to detail. For...more

Florida Court of Appeals Reverses Foreclosure of Reverse Mortgage by Expanding the Definition of “Borrower” to Include Surviving...

Home equity conversion mortgages, commonly known as “reverse mortgages” are popular loan products in Florida. In order to foreclose on a reverse mortgage, the lender generally must allege that all conditions necessary to...more

New York Appellate Court Confers Standing on Assignee of Note Previously Discharged in Bankruptcy

A mortgage lender has standing to foreclose even when it obtains assignment of the underlying promissory note after the note has been discharged in bankruptcy, a New York appellate court has ruled. The case arose after the...more

Real Property, Financial Services & Title Insurance Update: Weeks Ending July 10, 17 & 24, 2015

REAL PROPERTY UPDATE - Eviction/Summary Judgment: Error to grant summary judgment where plaintiff failed to refute multiple affirmative defenses including an assertion that the eviction would cause an inequitable...more

Liberalization of Louisiana Foreclosure Law: Cat on a Hot Tin Roof

Legislation liberalizing Louisiana foreclosure law was signed by Louisiana’s governor on June 5. House Bill 697 becomes effective on August 1, 2015. One particular area where lenders strive to use technology involves...more

Real Property, Financial Services & Title Insurance Update: Weeks Ending May 1 & 8, 2015

Foreclosure: trial court abused its discretion in dismissing foreclosure action with prejudice, cancelling substantial debt, and denying lender ability to refile a foreclosure action without making finding of facts as...more

The Sixth Circuit, Relying upon Michigan’s Nonrecourse Mortgage Loan Act, Rejects the Enforceability of an Insolvency Covenant

Notwithstanding Michigan’s 2012 Nonrecourse Mortgage Loan Act (NMLA), which provides that solvency covenants in nonrecourse loans unenforceable, in Borman, LLC v. 18718 Borman, LLC, a third-party purchaser of a foreclosed...more

An Unlikely Condition Precedent to Foreclosure in Florida

Mortgage servicers beware. Mortgagors in Florida are defending residential mortgage foreclosures based on the allegation that the servicer failed to give them notice of assignment of the right to bill and collect on the debt...more

District Court Issues Crucial Ruling on Pennsylvania's Recording Statute

The U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania has held that the failure to create and record written instruments evidencing assignments of mortgages and transfers of promissory notes secured by mortgages on...more

Real Property, Financial Services & Title Insurance Update: September 2014 #1

REAL PROPERTY UPDATE - - Foreclosure/Standing: to establish a prima facie case for mortgage foreclosure, successor mortgagor must introduce evidence it was in possession of original note with blank endorsement at time...more

Legal Alert: Holder of Deed Need Not Be Holder of Note to Foreclose, Georgia Supreme Court Rules

The Georgia Supreme Court held this week that the holder of a security deed need not also hold the underlying note to exercise the power of sale in accordance with the terms of the security deed. You v. JP Morgan Chase Bank,...more

Georgia's Long-Awaited Ruling Finds in Favor of Lenders

Today, the Georgia Supreme Court, in You v. JP Morgan Chase Bank, N.A. et al., S13Q0040, held that the assignee of a security deed can conduct a non-judicial foreclosure sale without holding or owning the underlying...more

Nevada Rejects Literalist View on Some Lender and Trust Deed Holder Requirements for the Right to Enforce

Nevada’s Foreclosure Mediation Program (FMP), statutorily mandates mediation before a non-judicial foreclosure of an owner-occupied residence can proceed. It also encourages the judicial review of that mediation. It has been...more

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