Rule 23

News & Analysis as of

District Judge Allows Rail Union to Side Step Rule 23 with Pattern-Or-Practice Claim

A federal district judge in Hammond, Indiana, has permitted a rail union to pursue injunctive remedies in a Title VII pattern-or-practice discrimination claim on behalf of its black members without compliance with Rule 23. In...more

MBS Investor Class Partially Certified Against J.P. Morgan

On September 30, Judge Paul Oetken of the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York partially certified a class of MBS investors under Rule 23(b) in Fort Worth Employees’ Retirement Fund v. J.P. Morgan Chase &...more

Communicating With Putative Class Members in Complex Employment Litigation

In the early stages of an employment class or collective action, employers and their counsel often are eager to contact putative class members. For example, defense counsel may wish to interview putative class members in...more

Will the Supreme Court Take a Stand on Standing in BP Case?

It is axiomatic that to certify a class, plaintiffs must show all members satisfy Article III standing and Rule 23 requirements. While federal courts "do not require each member of a class to submit evidence of personal...more

State Courts Disagree About Whether Statutory Damages Make Class Actions an Inferior Method for Adjudicating TCPA Claims

The statutory damages that have caused so many plaintiffs to file TCPA class actions have also caused some courts to find that class actions are not the superior method for adjudicating them. Federal Rule of Civil Procedure...more

W.D. Wash. Adopts Preponderance of the Evidence Standard for Elements of Class Cert., Rejects Numerosity Experts

The Western District of Washington recently adopted a “preponderance of the evidence” standard for establishing the prerequisites of Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 23 and denied class certification in a TCPA case because the...more

Ninth Circuit Finds Self-Identification By Class Members Does Not Satisfy Ascertainability Under Rule 23

The Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals recently affirmed a district court’s denial of class certification where a plaintiff failed to propose a plan to ascertain class members and therefore did not satisfy the manageability...more

Class Certification Granted to Former MF Global Employees Seeking Vacation Pay

Judge Glenn of the U.S. Bankruptcy Court for the Southern District of New York recently granted class claim certification to a group of former MF Global employees seeking payment on account of unpaid accrued vacation time. ...more

Insights from DRI Class Action Seminar 2014 – Part 2

Halliburton v. Erica P. John Fund Decision: Aaron Streett, who argued the Halliburton v. Erica P. John Fund, Inc. case in the Supreme Court, spoke about the decision. The Court declined to overrule the efficient...more

Fast Five: Rhode Island Appellate Practice - July 2014

With the dog days of summer upon us, the Rhode Island Supreme Court has concluded its Spring 2014 term, leaving practitioners with new guidance on a variety of trial and appellate practice issues. In one of its last...more

U.S. Supreme Court Denied Petition Seeking Review of Fourth Circuit’s Interpretation of Wal-Mart v. Dukes

Last week, the U.S. Supreme Court denied Family Dollar Stores, Inc.’s petition for writ of certiorari seeking review of the Fourth Circuit’s decision in Scott, et. al. v. Family Dollar Stores, Inc., No. 12-1610 (4th Cir....more

California District Court Denies Certification of Putative Class of Plaintiffs Alleging Violations of the Video Privacy Protection...

The U.S. District court for the Northern District of California denied plaintiffs’ motion for class certification because the proposed class did not satisfy Rule 23’s ascertainability and predominance requirements. ...more

Tips to Help Avoid Class Action Litigation

Taking advantage of recent case law developments can assist financial institution employers in avoiding and/or minimizing their exposure to class and collective action litigation. For example, courts have become increasingly...more

West Virginia District Court Certifies Rule 23(b)(3) Class Of Plaintiffs Alleging Violations Of Fair Credit Reporting Act Section...

The U.S. District Court for the Southern District of West Virginia certified a Rule 23(b)(3) class, holding that the class was sufficiently ascertainable and satisfied the requirements of Rule 23(b)(3). Plaintiff’s class...more

So you want to be a class action defense lawyer.

Not every litigator wants to learn class actions; in fact, most do not. After all, why would anyone want to get mired in the procedural morass of a class action when they could be spending their time handling cases that have...more

Speculative Expert Testimony Fails To Satisfy Plaintiff’s Light Numerosity Burden

The relatively light burden of proving numerosity under Rule 23(a) cannot be satisfied with speculative testimony, even if an expert does the speculating, says the Southern District of Florida. In a putative class...more

Third Circuit Rejects Effort At End Run Around The Ascertainability Requirement

We previously wrote about the Third Circuit’s decision in Carrera v. Bayer Corp., which reversed a district court’s class-certification order because there was no reliable way to ascertain class membership—indeed, no way to...more

Court Strikes Class Action Allegations Citing Individualized Causation Issues

A Pennsylvania federal district court granted defendant CitiMortgage’s motion to strike class allegations under Rule 23(d)(1)(D), because it was clear from the complaint that plaintiffs could not meet the requirements for...more

California District Court Re-Certifies Chinese Daily News Wage and Hour Class Action After Second Trip To Ninth Circuit

On April 15, 2014, in Wang v. Chinese Daily News, Inc., a California federal district court re-certified a Rule 23(b)(3) California state law wage and hour action involving a class of 200 non-exempt employees who alleged...more

Courts Find Removal Is Not Permitted Under CAFA Where Plaintiff Did Not Plead A Class Action Under Rule 23 Or Comparable State...

District Courts continue to shape the boundaries of CAFA jurisdiction in suits that are not pleaded as class actions. For example, the District Court for the Eastern District of Louisiana held that defendants could not...more

J.M. Smucker Company Gets Out of a Jam in Food Labelling Case

On April 15, 2014, in the case Caldera v. The J.M. Smucker Co., CV 12-4936-GHK, J.M. (C.D. Cal.), Smucker Company (“Defendant”) defeated the plaintiff’s motion for class certification in a case challenging the labels on...more

District Court Cites Recent “Evolution” of Rule 23 Standards to Deny Class Certification Motion in Securities Action Based Upon...

In re Kosmos Energy Ltd. Securities Litigation, No. 3:12-CV-373-B, 2014 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 36365 (N.D. Tex. Mar. 19, 2014), the United States District Court for the Northern District of Texas (Boyle, J.) denied lead plaintiff’s...more

Law360: A Year Later: Comcast's Impact On Antitrust Class Actions

One year ago, on March 27, 2013, the U.S. Supreme Court issued its decision in Comcast Corp. v. Behrend, 133 S. Ct. 1426 (2013), overturning an order certifying an antitrust class action under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure...more

California Court Puts the Deep Freeze on Ben & Jerry’s Ice Cream Class Action

A putative class of plaintiffs filed suit against ice cream maker Ben & Jerry’s, alleging that labeling several of its frozen confections “all natural” when they contained alkalized cocoa made with artificial alkali...more

Can Absence of Price Impact Defeat Class Certification? Supreme Court to Decide

Can a corporation defending against a stock fraud class action defeat class certification by using evidence that its actions had no effect on the stock’s price? In Halliburton Co. v. Erica P. John Fund, Inc., Docket No....more

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