Rule 23

News & Analysis as of

The Supreme Court Rules an Unaccepted Offer of Judgment Cannot Moot a Case, But What About Payment of Complete Relief?

A divided U.S. Supreme Court recently ruled in Campbell-Ewald Co. v. Gomez that an unaccepted settlement offer or offer of judgment is a legal nullity that cannot moot a case.  However, the Court left open the possibility...more

No Party for IRS: Court Certifies Class of Conservative Nonprofits

If you thought that the political controversy over alleged IRS targeting of Tea Party organizations was confined to the media, think again – the issue has reached the courts. The Southern District of Ohio recently granted...more

Second Circuit Leaves Interns in the Cold—Again

While most New Yorkers rode out last weekend’s blizzard by binge watching television or enjoying playoff football, three Second Circuit judges apparently spent their time more productively, as the court on Monday issued an...more

Step by Step: Stricter Requirements for Class Certification Inch Closer to Legislative Enactment

Just over 10 years after the passage of the federal Class Action Fairness Act (“CAFA”), Congress is again considering further legislative reform to class action litigation. Among other reforms, CAFA opened additional avenues...more

"Mass Tort and Consumer Class Action Outlook: Opportunities and Challenges"

In 2016, the U.S. Supreme Court is expected to hand down several decisions addressing overbroad or “no-injury” class actions, and a number of important issues are percolating in the lower courts as well. Below are some issues...more

How Not to Moot a Case: Supreme Court Rules Case Remains Live After Unaccepted Offer of Settlement

On January 20, 2016, the Supreme Court of the United States decided another case in a line of cases addressing the issue of class action mootness. Specifically, the justices ruled that an unaccepted settlement offer or offer...more

Congress Tackling Injury Standards in Class Actions (Again)

Concerns over state courts allowing class actions to proceed, the impact on the U.S. economy, and the undue pressure on companies to settle for significant sums spurred Congress to pass the Class Action Fairness Act of 2005....more

[Webinar] A Look Back on Class Action Litigation Developments in 2015 - January 26, 1:00pm CST

Join Stacey Slaughter and George Carroll for an informative overview on the developments in Class Action Litigation in 2015. Attendees will learn about the results of the most recent Supreme Court cases affecting class action...more

Don’t Tip Just Yet: Uber Taxi Class Gets Limited Certification

A federal judge in San Francisco recently certified a limited class in a lawsuit against Uber under the California Unfair Competition Law (UCL) and the California Consumers Legal Remedies Act (CLRA). The plaintiff sought to...more

The Ten Most Significant Class Action Cases of 2015

Some years are exciting in class action practice; others are tamer. In general, in any established area of the law, precedent accumulates only incrementally. And, with the modern Rule 23 entering its 50th anniversary year, it...more

Managing PAGA Claims: A Recent Decision Points the Way to Defeat Representative Actions

A recent federal court decision illustrates how defendants may be able to defeat PAGA claims in California. Brown v. American Airlines, Inc., No. CV 10-8431-AG (PJWx), 2015 WL 6735217 (C.D. Cal. Oct. 5, 2015) is the latest...more

Tablet Class Damages Model Doesn’t Tabulate … For Now

The Central District of California denied certification of a class that otherwise met the requirements of Rule 23 because the damages model proposed by plaintiff’s expert did not establish a reliable method for calculating...more

What’s Hot in Class Actions (Part 3/3): Potential Rule 23 Amendments Narrowed, Congress Tackles No-Injury Class

Class actions consume considerable company resources and can pose significant risk of exposure in the $ millions or $ billions. Therefore, it is critical for companies to prepare themselves – to know the trends in class...more

Permissive Interlocutory Appeals and Collective-Action Certification

In an article published on Nov. 27, 2015 in Bloomberg BNA’s Class Action Litigation Report, E. Travis Ramey discusses collective action, which is the representative mass litigation procedure available to parties litigating...more

Standards of Proof in Employment Wage and Hour Class Actions Remain a Hot Topic for U.S. Supreme Court

Last week the United States Supreme Court heard oral arguments in a donning and doffing class and collective action against Tyson Foods, Inc. (see full transcript of oral argument here) that has the potential to dramatically...more

No "Duking" it Out Before the High Court as Justices Indicate Willingness to Let Wage and Hour Class Claims Stand

On Tuesday, I attended the Supreme Court's oral argument in Tyson Foods, Inc. v. Bouaphakeo. This case has been closely watched as employers have been hoping to see whether the Supreme Court would explicitly apply aWalmart v....more

Missouri District Court Joins the List: Unaccepted Rule 68 Offer Does Not Moot Claims

Yet another court has found that an unaccepted Rule 68 Offer of Judgment will not moot a putative class action, even where the offer purports to satisfy all of plaintiff’s demands. Plaintiffs sued in the Eastern District of...more

Supreme Court Hears Argument in Tyson Foods v. Bouaphakeo—and a Blockbuster Class Certification Ruling Seems Less Likely

The Supreme Court on Tuesday heard oral argument in Tyson Foods, Inc. v. Bouaphakeo, No. 14-1146, a case that has been closely watched for its potential to narrow the circumstances in which a class action may be certified...more

North Carolina Court Rules Class Action Settlements Can Award Attorneys’ Fees, but Note of Caution to Local Counsel

The North Carolina Court of Appeals considered for the first time whether it is legal in a class action settlement agreement for one party to agree to pay the other’s attorneys’ fees and expenses. The court concluded that it...more

U.S. Supreme Court Ponders Whether an Unaccepted Rule 68 Offer Can Moot a Plaintiff’s Claims as It Hears Argument in Gomez

The U.S. Supreme Court heard oral argument in Campbell-Ewald Co. v. Gomez on October 14, 2015, an important case presenting the question of whether a defendant can defeat a class action by offering complete individual relief...more

The New New Proposed Amendments to Rule 23

Last week, the Rule 23 Subcommittee released its latest draft proposal for amending Rule 23. (2015-1105 Rule 23 Subcommittee Report) - The Subcommittee has abandoned (or in a few cases, placed “on hold”) several of its...more

Defects More Than Cosmetic: Beauty Product Purchasers Fail to Satisfy Rule 23

The Southern District of New York recently denied class certification in a consolidated putative class action against a cosmetics company for breach of contract, false advertising, unfair competition, deceptive acts and...more

Can an Offer of Judgment to the Named Plaintiff Moot a Class Action? Supreme Court Hears Arguments in Campbell-Ewald Co. v. Gomez

Can a named plaintiff press ahead with a class action if he or she “won’t take ‘yes’ for an answer”? That colorful question, which Chief Justice Roberts asked counsel for the respondent during oral arguments yesterday in...more

Class Certification, Unfair Trade Practices, and Governing Standards

In Bumpers v. Community Bank of Northern Virginia, the North Carolina Supreme Court held that when a plaintiff alleges a violation of N.C. Gen. Stat. § 75-1.1 based on a misrepresentation, the plaintiff must prove actual and...more

The Next Decade of Class Actions

A few years ago, I complained that class action scholarship was on the decline, and could improve from, among other things, digging into the actual caselaw out there, and making hard, falsifiable predictions about where the...more

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