Supreme Court of the United States Discrimination

The United States Supreme Court is the highest court of the United States and is charged with interpreting federal law, including the United States Constitution. The Court's docket is largely discretionary... more +
The United States Supreme Court is the highest court of the United States and is charged with interpreting federal law, including the United States Constitution. The Court's docket is largely discretionary with only a limited number of cases granted review each term.  The Court is comprised of one chief justice and eight associate justices, who are nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate to hold lifetime positions. less -
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Workplace Law Has Come a Long Way, Baby!

In 1964, Nicholas Katzenbach, the Attorney General of United States, ordered Ollie's Barbecue, a tiny restaurant in Birmingham, Ala., to desegregate. When the U.S. Supreme Court upheld that order, the newly passed Civil...more

EEOC Addresses Interplay Between Pregnancy Discrimination Act and ADAA: The First Detailed Update to Pregnancy Bias Guidance Since...

On July 14, 2014, the EEOC issued Updated Enforcement Guidance on Pregnancy Discrimination, as well as a set of Questions and Answers and a Fact Sheet related to that Guidance. This is the EEOC's first detailed update to its...more

Fifth Circuit Issues Important Ruling on Affirmative Action in Higher Education

Earlier this week, in Fisher v. University of Texas, a divided panel of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit upheld the constitutionality of the undergraduate admissions program at the University of Texas at...more

PDA and Young: Pregnancy Discrimination Law to Break from Its Infancy

On the heels of the Hobby Lobby decision in late June, the Supreme Court has signaled that women’s health issues in the workplace will continue to be a central issue by granting a petition for certiorari in Young v. United...more

U.S. Supreme Court Denied Petition Seeking Review of Fourth Circuit’s Interpretation of Wal-Mart v. Dukes

Last week, the U.S. Supreme Court denied Family Dollar Stores, Inc.’s petition for writ of certiorari seeking review of the Fourth Circuit’s decision in Scott, et. al. v. Family Dollar Stores, Inc., No. 12-1610 (4th Cir....more

Supreme Court Agrees to Resolve Current Appellate Court Split on EEOC’s Conciliation Obligations

In December 2013, we reported on the Seventh Circuit’s controversial decision in EEOC v. Mach Mining, in which the Court exacerbated the already existing split amongst federal appellate courts regarding the EEOC’s obligation...more

50 for 50: Five Decades of the Most Important Discrimination Law Developments - Number 37: The Supreme Court Raises The Bar On...

Throughout this series, we have discussed how common retaliation claims have become and how challenging the courts have found it to define “causation” in the context of Title VII cases. Those two trends intersected recently...more

50 For 50: Five Decades Of The Most Important Discrimination Law Developments - Number 27: Discrimination and Harassment Policies...

Before Title VII, employee handbooks were rare and, if they existed, they were small pamphlets explaining intra-office procedures. It wasn’t until the proliferation of lawsuits under Title VII that employers began to craft...more

50 For 50: Five Decades Of The Most Important Discrimination Law Developments - Number 23: After-Acquired Evidence

“You did what? If I Hadn’t Already Fired You, I’d Fire You Now!” What if? This is the question that has followed Title VII since its inception: how do you apply this revolutionary (yet seemingly straightforward) prohibition...more

50 for 50: Five Decades of the Most Important Discrimination Law Developments - Number 18: When Is An Employer Liable For...

Although Title VII was passed in 1964, it wasn’t until 1998 that the United States Supreme Court handed down two significant decisions in the companion cases of Faragher v. Boca Raton, 524 U.S. 775 (1998) and Burlington...more

50 for 50: Five Decades of the Most Important Discrimination Law Developments - Number 13: Equal Pay Gets A Boost In The Obama...

The Equal Pay Act, which mandates equal pay between the sexes for equal work, actually became law before Title VII, in 1963. While EPA claims often accompanied Title VII sex discrimination claims, there were some...more

50 for 50: Five Decades of the Most Important Discrimination Law Developments: Number 4: In 1991, Congress Broadens the Law

By the late 1980’s, the legal battles concerning employment discrimination had become increasingly mature and several cases had been decided by the United States Supreme Court favorable to employers. In the Civil Rights Act...more

50 for 50: Five Decades of the Most Important Discrimination Law Developments: Number 3: In 1986, The Supreme Court Recognizes...

It’s hard to imagine now, but from 1964 to 1986, “sexual harassment” as it is known today did not exist. That all changed when the Supreme Court issued its landmark decision in Meritor Savings Bank v. Vinson. It was that...more

Florida Supreme Court Decides that Florida Civil Rights Act Prohibits Pregnancy Discrimination

On April 17, 2014, the Florida Supreme Court resolved a certified conflict between two of Florida’s district courts of appeal, to hold that the Florida Civil Rights Act (FCRA) prohibits pregnancy discrimination. To read the...more

Orrick's Antitrust and Competition Newsletter - April 2014

Shanghai High People’s Court Rules That Resale Price Maintenance Agreement Constitutes Monopolistic Agreement - The Shanghai High People’s Court recently made available its Aug. 1, 2013 final judgment overruling the...more

Disparate Impact In Fair Lending: A Theory Without A Basis And The Law Of Unintended Consequences

The disparate impact theory of discrimination allows the government or a private plaintiff to establish discrimination based solely on the outcome of a neutral policy, without having to prove any actual intent to...more

Employment Flash - February 2014

In This Issue: - US Supreme Court Rules on Donning and Doffing Issue - NLRB Judge Invalidates Arbitration Agreement Without Class Action Waiver - Second Circuit Rules on Single Employer Liability Under the WARN...more

Disparate Impact Remains Fair Lending Risk To Banks

Lenders seeking judicial relief from the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau’s heightened enforcement of the Equal Credit Opportunity Act were left disappointed by the settlement of Mt. Holly v. Mt. Holly Gardens Citizens in...more

NH Court Provides Guidance on Title VII Third-Party Retaliation Claims

The U.S. Supreme Court has made clear that a third party may bring a retaliation claim against an employer under Title VII, broadly interpreting the law’s prohibition of any employer conduct that might dissuade a reasonable...more

The ERISA Litigation Newsletter - January 2014

This month we look at part three of our three part series on Class Actions. In part three, Robert Rachal and M. Todd Mobley address the role of experts in class certification post Wal-Mart and Comcast and how to use and...more

With the State of the Union Likely To Highlight Gender Equality, It is Time to Ask Whether Your Organization is on Track for a...

It has been almost eight years since the United States Supreme Court decided the Lilly Ledbetter case under Title VII and six years since President Obama invited Ledbetter to attend his State of the Union address. You may or...more

What 2013 Gifts will Employers be Enjoying well into 2014?

The holidays have come and gone. I hope everyone enjoyed them, and I hope everyone received the gifts and presents they asked for. I come from a big family—three siblings, 14 aunts and uncles, and nearly twenty cousins....more

Monthly Benefits Update - December 2013

The following are the most significant employee benefits-related legal developments that occurred in December of 2013. At the beginning of 2013, after considering feedback from our clients and contacts who work in the...more

Labor And Employment Observer - 2013/2014

In This Issue: Message from the Chair; Social Media and the Workplace: 2013 and Beyond; Unpaid Internships: Training Ground or Legal Landmine?; Supreme Court’s Nassar Decision Sets Higher Causation Standard for a...more

Labor & Employment E-Note - December 12, 2013

In This Issue: - High Court Gives NLRB Time to Challenge Recess Appointments - High Court Hears Case on Union, Employer "Neutrality Agreements" - Appeals Court Overturns NLRB Arbitration Agreements Decision -...more

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