News & Analysis as of

Search & Seizure

United States Supreme Court Shuts Down Ninth Circuit’s "Provocation Rule"

In an October 2010 use of force case arising out of an incident in Los Angeles County, the Ninth Circuit attempt to expand officer liability with the “Provocation Rule” was struck down by the United States Supreme Court....more

The “Third Party” Catch-22

by Ifrah PLLC on

As the Department of Justice has been doubling down on law enforcement overreach, the Supreme Court has just decided to hear a case that may limit the use of a common tool that law enforcement uses to infringe upon the...more

Electronics Ban for U.S.-Bound Flights May Extend to 71 Airports

by Cozen O'Connor on

On June 7, 2017 The U.S. Department of Homeland Security chief told a House panel that the federal government is considering an expansion of its ban on large electronics, like laptops, in carry-on bags from the 10 current...more

Carpenters, Carriers, and Cell-Sites (Oh My!): SCOTUS to Hear Mobile Locational Privacy Case

by Kelley Drye & Warren LLP on

On June 5, 2017, the United States Supreme Court granted cert in Carpenter v. United States, a case in the hotly contested area of mobile cellular location data privacy. The question before the Court is whether law...more

U.S. Supreme Court Will Hear Mobile Phone Privacy Case

The United States Supreme Court has just agreed to hear the case of a Detroit man who was sentenced to 116 years in prison after data from his own cellular phone was used against him at his trial for his role in a string of...more

Exigent Circumstances Under the Fourth Amendment May Extend to the Need to Interview an Arrestee in Place

In a split decision in United States v. Delva, No. 15-cr-683 (Kearse, Winter, Jacobs), the Second Circuit held that the Fourth Amendment allowed law enforcement officers to seize cell phones and a number of letters that were...more

Second Circuit Provides Primer on Criminal Procedure in Methamphetamine Case

United States v. Lyle - In United States v. Lyle, 15-958-cr (Raggi, Chin, Lohier), the Second Circuit covered an array of criminal procedure issues—including the Fourth Amendment concerns associated with rental car...more

When Can a School Search a Student’s Bag?

by Reminger Co., LPA on

Last week the Ohio Supreme Court unanimously ruled that a school’s intrusive search of an unattended bag did not violate a student’s 4th Amendment right to be free from illegal search and seizures because the examination of...more

Ontario Court Allows Workplace Random Drug and Alcohol Testing to Proceed

In April 2017, the Ontario Superior Court of Justice allowed the Toronto Transit Commission (TTC) to proceed with implementing random drug and alcohol testing of safety-sensitive employees, pending the outcome of an ongoing...more

Computer Surveillance by Employers: Finding the Balance between Business Interests and Employee Privacy Rights

by Dickinson Wright on

As the use of computers and computer activity becomes more pervasive in the workplace, employers are facing new challenges. Generally speaking, greater network connectivity should be welcomed by employers. However, the use of...more

Court Upholds Murder-for-Hire Conviction, Rejects Fourth Amendment Challenges

The murder-for-hire statute makes it a crime to agree to commit murder in exchange for “anything of pecuniary value.” 18 U.S.C. § 1958. The Second Circuit has understood this language to require that, at the time of the...more

City and Police Officer Victorious in Malicious Prosecution and Seizure Case

by Best Best & Krieger LLP on

Best Best & Krieger LLP attorneys Christopher Pisano and Dana Vessey prevailed on a motion for summary judgment on behalf of the City of Colton and one of its police officers in a case that stemmed from a complicated story...more

The Circuit Raises A Glass To A Broad Construction Of Law Enforcement’s Authority Under The Fourth Amendment

Yesterday the Second Circuit issued a decision in United States v. Diaz, No. 15-3776 (Walker, Sack, Chin). In an opinion by Judge Sack, the Court addressed two questions under the Fourth Amendment: when does a police...more

Latest Legal Developments On Student Searches

by Tucker Arensberg, P.C. on

Highhouse v. Wayne Highlands School District, — F.Supp.3d — 2016 WL 4679012 (M.D. Pa. Sept. 7, 2016): claims relating to unlawful strip search of student accused of stealing money against individual employees and a school...more

Court Allows the TTC to Implement Random Drug and Alcohol Testing

by Dentons on

In a recent decision, the Honourable Justice Marrocco of the Ontario Superior Court of Justice denied the request of the Amalgamated Transit Union Local 113 and Robert Kinnear (the “Applicants”) to restrain the TTC from...more

Immigration Fact and Fiction for the U.S. Employer: More on CBP Searching Electronic Devices – What is Left of the Fourth...

As mentioned in a prior blog post, the U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) can conduct searches of individuals departing the United States, a fact that many are not aware of. In fact, the rule that failure to declare...more

On the Border: Lawmakers Seek to End Warrantless Searches of Electronic Devices by Border Authorities

by Snell & Wilmer on

The controversial practice of U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) agents randomly demanding that Americans turn over passwords to their mobile devices so they can be searched at the border and at ports of entry may be...more

FAQs for Entering the U.S.—Entry Inspection and Electronic Devices

All individuals entering the U.S. at international ports of entry are inspected by US Customs & Border Protection (CBP). This occurs at either the arrival airport in the U.S., Pre-Flight Inspection if flying from most...more

Beware of Potential Punitive Damages Associated with Section 1983 Actions

by SmithAmundsen LLC on

Under Title 42 § 1983 of the U.S. Code, liability is imposed upon individuals and entities that act “under color of law.” Based on the Fourth Amendment, people have the right to be secure against unreasonable searches and...more

Privacy Tip #80 – Continued Controversy Over Mobile Device Searches by CBP

Many people were shocked and outraged over the story I relayed about a U.S. citizen, in fact, a NASA scientist, who, after returning from racing solar cars abroad was required by Custom and Border Patrol (CBP) agents to hand...more

The Delphic Provision

by Hogan Lovells on

On 8 December 2014, the agreement between the three Departments of Mineral Resources (DMR), Environmental (DEA) and Water Affairs, also known as the “One Environmental System” became a reality. In principle, this was aimed at...more

Immigration Fact or Fiction for the U.S. Employer: CBP Searching Electronic Devices – A New Thing?

There has been heightened interest and concern regarding the potential for U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) to search laptops and smart phones at the port of entry, due to the mention of such searches in one of...more

Crossing the Border with Electronics - Helpful Tips and Pitfalls to Avoid

by Dickinson Wright on

International travelers have been reporting that cell phones, computers, and other communication devices are being seized by Officers of the U.S. Customs and Border Protection (“USCBP”) branch of the U.S. Department of...more

Tech Rally – Industry Giants Back Google's Play to Protect Data

by Bracewell LLP on

On March 10, 2017, Google Inc. filed its objection to a Pennsylvania magistrate judge's order to comply with search warrants and turn over personal user data partially stored on foreign servers abroad. A number of technology...more

Illinois Appellate Court Limits Warrantless Searches of Liquor Licensees

by Holland & Knight LLP on

The Illinois Appellate Court has found unconstitutional a provision of the Illinois Liquor Control Act (Liquor Act) that authorizes unlimited inspection of liquor retailers' premises by local officials. The court ruled that...more

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Cybersecurity

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