Section 75-1.1

News & Analysis as of

Contracts and Unfair Trade Practices, Redux

A recent decision by the North Carolina Business Court underscores the challenges faced by a party who tries to convert a breach of contract into a violation of N.C. Gen. Stat. § 75-1.1. A breach of contract alone, even...more

Debt Collection and Unfair Trade Practices

Today we return to the vexing relationship between N.C. Gen. Stat. § 75-1.1 and the North Carolina Debt Collection Practices Act. The Debt Collection Act says that its “specific and general provisions . . . shall exclusively...more

Can Resolving a Legal Claim Be an Unfair Trade Practice?

A recent federal decision considers how N.C. Gen. Stat. § 75-1.1 applies when a plaintiff attacks the resolution of a legal claim. The decision might create a new categorical limit on direct-unfairness claims under section...more

Consumer Fraud, Unfair Trade Practices, and Internet Purchases

If you buy a product through a website, and then the product doesn’t live up to its promises, can you sue the manufacturer for violating N.C. Gen. Stat. § 75-1.1? A recent decision by the federal court in Boston...more

The Employment Exemption and Its Temporal Scope

Generally, N.C. Gen. Stat. § 75-1.1 does not apply to employer-employee disputes. Most courts have held that these disputes fail the “in or affecting commerce” test under the statute. In a recent decision, however, the...more

Do Treble Damages Mean Treble Rescission?

North Carolina law awards treble damages for violations of N.C. Gen. Stat. § 75-1.1 “if damages are assessed.” A recent Fourth Circuit decision asks this question: If a plaintiff seeks rescission, and if the defendant’s...more

Reliance, and Why No One Likes Shopping for Used Cars

If you’ve ever shopped for a used car, you’ve probably been asked to sign a document that defines your warranty rights. Sometimes a used-car seller might make no warranty at all, asking you to agree that you’re buying the car...more

The North Carolina Supreme Court Weighs in Again on Reliance

We begin 2016 by studying a new decision on a familiar issue: the degree of reliance required in a claim under N.C. Gen. Stat. § 75-1.1. North Carolina law now holds that a plaintiff who makes a 75-1.1 claim based on a...more

The Year in Review

As 2015 comes to a close, we thank you, our readers, for your interest and support. When we started this blog, we sensed that businesses, judges, and lawyers had a watchful eye on N.C. Gen. Stat. § 75-1.1. Thank you for...more

Pleading Reliance in Unfair-Trade-Practices Claims

Two years ago, the North Carolina Supreme Court held that a plaintiff who sues under N.C. Gen. Stat. § 75-1.1 based on a misrepresentation must show actual and reasonable reliance on the misrepresentation....more

Federal Opinion Lays Out Categories of Unfair-Trade-Practice Claims

That five-category structure has now appeared in a judicial opinion for the first time, thanks to a recent opinion from Judge Louise Flanagan of the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of North Carolina....more

Can Contract Ambiguity Cause Liability for Unfair Trade Practices?

Most of the time, a contract breach—even if intentional—does not violate N.C. Gen. Stat. § 75-1.1. A contract breach, however, can turn into a 75-1.1 violation if the breach is accompanied by “substantial aggravating...more

When Is a Breach of a Covenant Not to Compete Also Unfair or Deceptive?

Next Monday, August 31, the North Carolina Supreme Court will hear arguments in an important business-versus-business case. Beverage Systems of the Carolinas v. Associated Beverage Repair (No. 316A14) includes two...more

Claims for Deceptive Practices Must Now Be Alleged in Detail (at Least in Federal Court)

A federal court in North Carolina has held that certain claims under N.C. Gen. Stat. § 75-1.1 require especially detailed allegations. This groundbreaking decision will have major consequences for plaintiffs who pursue 75-1.1...more

Unfinished Negotiations Might Generate Treble Damages

The North Carolina Business Court has recognized a new type of claim: a claim for failing to negotiate in good faith. Raising the stakes further, the court has held that failing to negotiate in good faith could lead to treble...more

Mortgage Servicing and Unfair Trade Practices

When can mortgage servicing and related debt-collection activities violate N.C. Gen. Stat. § 75-1.1? Two recent cases provide some answers....more

More Developments on Section 75-1.1 and the Economic-Loss Rule

Our appetites, of course, are always whetted when section 75-1.1, the economic-loss rule, and the “substantial aggravating circumstances” doctrine intersect....more

The UNC Former Student-Athletes’ Litigation: The Defense Enters the Field

We wrote last month about the lawsuit filed against the University of North Carolina and the NCAA by former UNC student-athletes Rashanda McCants and Devon Ramsey....more

Litigating Injury in a 75-1.1 Case: The 12(b)(1) vs. 12(b)(6) Distinction

In cases under N.C. Gen. Stat. § 75-1.1, it’s important to distinguish arguments under Rule 12(b)(1) from arguments under Rule 12(b)(6). On a Rule 12(b)(6) motion to dismiss for failure to state a claim, a court generally...more

Section 75-1.1 and Out-of-State Injuries Based on In-State Conduct

In earlier posts, we have discussed the two-part test that courts use to assess whether section 75-1.1 applies to out-of-state conduct. First, the plaintiff must suffer an injury in North Carolina....more

Reflections and Gratitude

We started this blog about eight months ago. We did so because of the prevalence of section 75-1.1 claims in North Carolina business disputes. Indeed, it’s the unusual business dispute in North Carolina that does not include...more

HAMP and Section 75-1.1, Part 2

In yesterday’s post, we discussed when a lender’s failure to comply with guidelines under the federal Home Affordable Mortgage Program (HAMP) might violate N.C. Gen. Stat. § 75-1.1 as well. We analyzed a very recent federal...more

HAMP and Section 75-1.1, Part 1

In a recent article, Matt Sawchak explained per se violations of section 75-1.1. When courts recognize a per se violation of section 75-1.1, they are saying that violating a separate source of law—a separate statute, a...more

An Embarrassment of Riches: North Carolina Law Review Features Two Articles on Section 75-1.1

The Chief Justice of the United States recently criticized modern law reviews with these memorable words: “Pick up a copy of any law review that you see. The first article is likely to be, you know, the influence of Immanuel...more

Business Court Judges Explain Section 75-1.1

In my research for this blog, I recently found a June 2006 presentation on section 75-1.1 by Judges Al Diaz and John Jolly. This presentation occurred when Judge Diaz and Judge Jolly were serving together on the North...more

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