Sherman Act

News & Analysis as of

Legal Issues Associated with Multi-Provider Alternative Payment Model

Since the passage of the Affordable Care Act (ACA), both federal and state policies have promoted the adoption of alternative payment models (APMs), providing financial incentives for groups of providers to improve care...more

Is That a Carrot or a Stick in Your Hand? The Third Circuit Examines the Line Between Competition and Coercion in De Facto...

We recently wrote about attempts to force exclusivity onto customers. But firms with large or dominant market shares often must walk a fine line between properly offering customers percentage-based discounts and improperly...more

US Steel Corporation Files Section 337 Complaint on Chinese Carbon and Alloy Steel Products

On April 26, 2016, the United States Steel Corporation ("US Steel") filed a complaint under Section 337 of the Tariff Act of 1930 , 19 U.S.C. § 1337, seeking the exclusion of Chinese carbon and alloy steel products from entry...more

Screening Room Alone Won’t Save AMC-Carmike

Last month, AMC and Carmike announced plans to merge. They would form the nation’s largest cinema chain with over 8,000 screens. Also last month, Napster founder Sean Parker announced a new product—Screening Room—which will...more

SanDisk defeats Walker Process Claim

The District Court for the Northern District of California granted defendant SanDisk’s motion for summary judgment in Giuliano, et al v. SanDisk Corp., et al, 4:10-cv-02787 (N.D. Cal. April 29, 2016). The plaintiffs had...more

Antitrust & Your Deal: Pre-Closing Conduct Matters

There are three U.S. antitrust laws that regulate the diligence process, transition planning, and overall conduct between parties during deal negotiations and due diligence prior to closing: Section 7A of the Clayton Act...more

Soda bottler has bitter taste from alleged Pepsi price-fixing

A recent complaint charges PepsiCo Inc. with several antitrust violations, including price fixing and predatory pricing in violation of Section 1 of the Sherman Act, conspiracy and attempt to monopolize in violation of...more

How Not to Fire a Surgeon

It could be the Mean Girls sequel we have been anxiously awaiting: a Napa Valley surgeon alleges that his colleagues and area hospitals ruined his reputation and eliminated his practice in violation of federal antitrust...more

Microsoft Antitrust Suit Against InterDigital Stands, Judge Says

On April 13, 2016, the US District Court for the District of Delaware denied InterDigital’s motion to dismiss an antitrust suit filed by Microsoft (Microsoft Mobile, Inc. v. InterDigital, Inc., Case No. 15-cv-723-RGA). In...more

Hospitals Settle DOJ Suit Alleging Illegal Division of Marketing Territories

Two West Virginia hospital systems settled a lawsuit filed yesterday by the Department of Justice (“DOJ” or “Department”) alleging that they agreed to allocate territories for marketing health care services in violation of...more

Judge Andrews permits Microsoft’s SEP-based antitrust claims against InterDigital to proceed (Microsoft v. InterDigital)

On April 13th, Judge Andrews in the District of Delaware issued an Order that denied InterDigital’s motion to dismiss Microsoft’s Complaint that alleged violation of antitrust laws based on InterDigital’s enforcement of...more

The Peril in Joint Bidding for Properties

Wondering what was behind the Department of Justice indictment of the late Aubrey McClendon? The charge was conspiring to rig bids for oil and gas properties in Oklahoma. Read the McClendon indictment and engage in the parlor...more

A New Normal? Challenges to Market Definition Find a Foothold at 12(b)(6) Stage

Recent federal court opinions dismissing cases under Rule 12(b)(6) may provide an early off-ramp for antitrust defendants where a roadblock has often existed. Courts are increasingly dismissing cases at the 12(b)(6) stage for...more

LSU Hospital Operator May Proceed with Antitrust Suit Against Competing Health System

The antitrust suit against Willis Knighton Medical Center will continue following the denial of its motion to dismiss. BRFHH Shreveport v. Willis Knighton Med. Ctr., case number 5:15-cv-02057 (W.D. La. Mar. 31, 2016). The...more

District Court Finds Uber CEO, by Driving for Uber, May be Liable for Driving Up Prices

It is plausible that Uber’s CEO, Travis Kalanick, may have violated antitrust law by fixing prices charged to Uber passengers, a judge in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York concluded last...more

Recent Enforcement Under Section 5 of the FTC Act: So That's What a Standalone Claim of Unfair Competition Looks Like

Last August, the Federal Trade Commission issued its Statement of Enforcement Principles Regarding “Unfair Methods of Competition” Under Section 5 of the FTC Act (Statement), in an effort to provide clarity with respect to...more

Sixth Circuit: “Single-Network” Hospitals Not Exempt from Section One Scrutiny

On March 22, 2016, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit allowed a claim to proceed under § 1 of the Sherman Act against four hospitals acting as a single network under a joint operating agreement. Med. Center at...more

Caught Between a Rock and a Hard Place: The Second Circuit to Decide Appeal From Cartel Defendants Who Argued Compliance With...

On January 28, 2016, the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit heard arguments on whether the doctrines of act of state, foreign sovereign compulsion, and international comity required the reversal of a jury’s...more

Second Circuit Affirms Dismissal of Sherman Act Claims Due to Failure to Allege a Plausible Geographic Market

In Concord Associates, L.P., et al. v. Entertainment Properties Trust, No. 13-3933-cv (2d Cir. 2016), the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit upheld the dismissal of a complaint alleging claims under the Sherman Act,...more

Sixth Circuit Finds Possibility of Conspiracy Among Hospital Network Members

The Sixth Circuit on Tuesday voted 2 to 1 to reverse a district court’s grant of summary judgment under which a defendant hospital network had been found to be a single entity incapable of conspiring with itself in an...more

Out of Luck: Second Circuit Dismisses Antitrust Suit Brought by Catskills “Racino” Developers on Market Definition Grounds

On March 18, 2016, the Second Circuit Court of Appeals affirmed the dismissal of an antitrust lawsuit brought by the prospective developers of a racing track and casino in the Catskills region of New York against their...more

No Rule of Reason Here: State AG Reminds Manufacturers That Minimum Retail Price Agreements Are Illegal Per Se in Maryland with...

In 2007, the Supreme Court overturned almost a century of precedent by ruling that vertical price restraints were no longer per se violations of the Sherman Antitrust Act (the “Sherman Act”), finding they would now be...more

If Republicans Allow A Hearing on Merrick Garland's Nomination, They Should Ask Him About Teeth Whitening

Let me stipulate that trying to evaluate a Supreme Court nominee based on a 30-year old law review article is a bad idea. That said, some of the issues that Obama nominee Merrick Garland wrote about in the mid-1980s are...more

Antitrust Matters - March 2016: Hubs, spokes, middlemen and signalling

Despite European competition law's dynamic and ever-evolving nature, for a very long period of time undertakings could rely on two quasi-certainties: first, that vertical information gathering – gathering or exchanging...more

Market Definition Failure Dooms Golf Caddies’ Antitrust Class Action Against PGA Tour

An antitrust class action lawsuit brought by golf caddies against the Professional Golf Association will not be afforded a mulligan after a federal district court dismissed their complaint with prejudice. A putative class of...more

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