News & Analysis as of

Blog: How Many Authorized Shares Should I Use In My Certificate of Incorporation?

One decision to make when incorporating is “How many shares do you want to authorize?” A common misconception is that the number of authorized shares (which appears in the certificate or articles of incorporation) is...more

SEC OKs crowdfunding for startups

On Friday, October 30, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), by a vote of 3-1, adopted rules designed to implement a 2012 law that allows startups to use crowdfunding to generate investments in their companies....more

Vesting 101 – Whaddya Mean I Don’t Own My Stock?

Vesting is an extremely important concept that arises (or should) among the founders when a company is formed, when equity incentives are granted and when outside investors invest. Although some founders view vesting as yet...more

OMNICARE and its Implications

In the spring of this year, the Supreme Court issued its long-awaited decision in Omnicare, Inc. v. Laborers District Council Construction Industry Pension Fund, 135 S.Ct. 1318 (2015), resolving a circuit split regarding the...more

Nevada Supreme Court Opines On Scope Of Debtor’s Exemption For Stock

NRS 78.746 provides that, with several qualifications, the exclusive remedy of judgment creditors with respect to the stock in a relatively closely held corporation is to charge a stockholder’s shares.  To the extent so...more

M&A Update: Chancery Court Finds Merger Price to be Most Persuasive Factor in Appraisal Action

In a recent decision in an appraisal action, the Delaware Chancery Court reaffirmed the Court’s reluctance to substitute its own calculation of the “fair value” of a target company’s stock for the purchase price derived...more

Quarterly Investment Update – 3rd Quarter 2015

Stock Market Commentary - China’s move to devalue its currency in late August set off a wave of selling and renewed volatility across global markets that continued through September. Enduring its worst quarter since...more

Chancery Court Provides Lessons on Conflicts of Interest in a Sales Process – Holds Only Financial Advisor Open to Liability

In an October 1st decision (In re Zale Corporation), the Delaware Chancery Court dismissed claims that Zale Corporation’s directors breached their fiduciary duties in connection with Zale’s agreement to merge with Signet. ...more

New Jersey Resident Charged with Securities and Wire Fraud

On October 1, the U.S. Attorney for the Southern District of New York filed a complaint against New Jersey fund manager William J. Wells charging him with running a “Ponzi” scheme which raised over $1.5 million from...more

Raising Capital? Don’t Forget about SEC Filings (It’s Not as Difficult as It Sounds)

The mention of "securities law and regulations" is a common, but daunting phrase that many entrepreneurs hear when they are attempting to raise money from investors for their companies. Under federal securities laws, any sale...more

New 871(m) Regulations Finalize Dividend Equivalent Payment Withholding Rules for Equity Derivatives

On September 17, 2015, the IRS and the Treasury Department issued final, temporary, and proposed regulations under section 871(m) of the Internal Revenue Code (collectively, the “new regulations”) that provide the rules for...more

A Moral Victory But No Damages Awarded in AIG Bailout Litigation

The Court of Federal Claims recently held that the coercive terms of the government’s $85 billion bailout of AIG were illegal. The victory, however, was merely a moral one because plaintiffs walked away with a $0 damage...more

Non-Securities Dealer Corporations Have Until September 30, 2015 to Comply with Investment Capital Identification Procedures for...

This is an important reminder that non-securities dealer corporations subject to New York State and City corporate tax have until September 30, 2015 to identify stock as investment capital in order for the stock to qualify as...more

Blog: Secondary Sales of Private Company Stock

In years past, a private company stockholder would have expected to wait until the company went public or was acquired to receive any return on investment. However, over the last several years, stockholders in many private...more

Defectively Issued Stock Declared Valid After Section 205 Analysis

Corporations are operated by humans, at least until the rise of Skynet (infamous as a primary antagonist in the Terminator movie franchise). As humans are prone to err, corporate acts may also be executed in error. In 2014,...more

New Study Released on the 8-K Trading Gap

On September 7, 2015, a new study on the “8-K trading gap” conducted by researchers at Harvard and Columbia law schools was released. The “8-K trading gap” refers to the four business day period before SEC reporting...more

In re Dole Food Co., Inc.; A Going-Private Primer

In an August 27, 2015 decision, Vice Chancellor Laster of the Delaware Chancery Court found that the chief executive officer (David H. Murdock) and president and general counsel (C. Michael Carter) of Dole Food Co., Inc....more

Stores for Sale! Retailers and Restaurants Spin Off Real Estate

Several major retailers and restaurant chains have recently engaged in a variety of transactions to spin off their real estate and lease it back. Retailers and restaurants are suddenly doing them, or considering them, at an...more

Work With Experienced Attorney To Navigate Tax Issues With Stock Sales

In our last post, we began speaking about the recent Tesla Motors stock sale announcement. As we noted, the company is hoping that the move will help expand its business presence, a task that has been somewhat challenging....more

Cornerstone Report Describes Securities Class Action Litigation Shift Toward West Coast and Smaller Public Companies

Recently, Cornerstone Research, an economic and financial consultancy, released its mid-year report on federal securities class action filings. Cornerstone reported that 85 of these lawsuits were filed in the first half of...more

Applicability of 'Investment Purpose' Exemption to HSR Reportability Focuses on Intent of Equity Purchasers

If a purchaser’s goals shift to include influence on the business management or board composition of the target issuer, an HSR filing must be considered. The Federal Trade Commission (FTC or Commission) has once again...more

Delaware Court’s Finding of $148 Million Fraud by Dole CEO and General Counsel Offers Major Lessons in Take-Private Deals

The Delaware Chancery Court ordered Dole Food Co. Inc. CEO David Murdock and General Counsel Michael Carter to pay Dole shareholders $148 million for fraud in connection with the company’s 2013 take-private deal. The August...more

Delaware Chancery Court Rejects Allegations Assailing Independence Of VC Directors In Dismissing Derivative Suit

A recent Delaware Chancery Court decision dismissing derivative fiduciary duty claims has significance for public companies with board members who are associated with venture capital firms. ...more

NYSE Expands Rules Related to Pre-Market Notification of Material News, Trading Halts and News Releases After Market Close

The NYSE has filed a proposed rule change that is immediately effective. The NYSE proposes to amend Section 202.06 of the Listed Company Manual to: - expand the pre-market hours during which listed companies are required...more

New IRS Guidance Expands Application of Section 956 to Controlled Foreign Corporations that Own Partnerships

Earlier this week the IRS published two sets of regulations addressing when a US owner of a Controlled Foreign Corporation (CFC) has a deemed repatriation through the use of a CFC-owned foreign partnership. The regulations...more

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