Subject Matter Jurisdiction Supreme Court of the United States

News & Analysis as of

Ninth Circuit First to Take Up Offers of Judgment After Campbell-Ewald

As we reported earlier this year in Campbell-Ewald Co. v. Gomez, 136 S. Ct. 663, 672 (2016), the Supreme Court held that a putative class action does not become moot when a defendant merely offers a named plaintiff full...more

State-vs.-State Unclaimed Property Dispute May be Heading to the Supreme Court

In March, we issued an advisory highlighting a lawsuit filed by the Pennsylvania Treasury Department against the State of Delaware in federal district court seeking to recover uncashed official checks escheated to Delaware by...more

California Employment Law Notes - May 2016

Employee Who Needed To Assist Disabled Son Could Proceed With "Associational Disability Discrimination" Claim - Castro-Ramirez v. Dependable Highway Express, Inc., 246 Cal. App. 4th 180 (2016) - Luis...more

Supreme Court Rules Against Using Settlement Offers to Moot Class Actions

In Campbell-Ewald Co. v. Gomez, a decision released in January, a majority of the United States Supreme Court held that an unaccepted Rule 68 offer of judgment by a defendant cannot moot a putative class action....more

Leaving Real Estate Investment Trusts in the Cold: How the Americold Case Could Preclude Establishing Diversity Jurisdiction in...

The Supreme Court’s most recent citizenship opinion, Americold Realty Trust v. Conagra Foods, Inc., could make removing or keeping a case in federal court based on diversity more difficult for a statutory trust with a...more

Supreme Court Upholds Strict Diversity of Citizenship of Non-Corporate Entities for Diversity Jurisdiction

In a unanimous decision on March 7, 2016, the United States Supreme Court affirmed its longstanding principle that unincorporated entities cannot claim diversity jurisdiction for federal court purposes. This case highlights...more

Mooting Class Actions by Offer of Judgment – Episode 2: The Ninth Circuit Strikes Back

In Campbell-Ewald v. Gomez, 136 S. Ct. 663 (Jan. 20, 2016), the Supreme Court resolved a split among courts and held that an unaccepted settlement offer of complete individual relief does not moot the plaintiff’s lawsuit. ...more

Supreme Court Reinforces Strict Rule On Citizenship of Unincorporated Entities for Diversity Jurisdiction to the Detriment of...

Article III of the U.S. Constitution extends the jurisdiction of federal courts to “[c]ontroversies … between Citizens of different States.” U.S. Const. art. III, § 2, cl. 1. “This rule is easy enough to apply to humans, but...more

The Supreme Court - March 2016 #2

The Supreme Court of the United States issued decisions in three cases today - Americold Realty Trust v. ConAgra Foods, Inc., No. 14-1382: Plaintiff corporations, including respondent ConAgra Foods, Inc., brought suit...more

Supreme Court Update: Montgomery V. Louisiana (14-280), Federal Energy Regulatory Commission V. Electric Power Supply Association...

The decision in Montgomery v. Louisiana (14-280) was a biggie, and not just because it retroactively applied the Court's 2012 holding that mandatory sentences of life without parole for juvenile offenders violate the Eighth...more

Supreme Court Holds for Plaintiff on Rule 68 Issue, but Suggests Alternatives for Mootness

In a 6-3 decision on January 20, the U.S. Supreme Court provided clarity regarding the impact of Rule 68 offers of judgment and settlement offers in class actions by issuing its eagerly awaited decision in Campbell-Ewald Co....more

US Supreme Court Hands Down Long-Awaited Decision in Campbell-Ewald v. Gomez

Court holds that offers of full relief, without more, do not moot claims brought by named plaintiffs in putative class actions in federal court. On January 20, the US Supreme Court issued its long-awaited decision in...more

Not Taking “Yes” For An Answer: U.S. Supreme Court Rules That Unaccepted Offer Of Complete Individual Relief Does Not Moot...

On January 20, 2016, in a highly anticipated decision (see October 27, 2015 blog) that will have implications for class action practice nationwide, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that an unaccepted offer of judgment sufficient...more

Reports of the Death of the Mootness Maneuver Are Greatly Exaggerated

As noted by this blog on several occasions, the U.S. Supreme Court and several appellate courts have grappled with the question of whether and to what extent a defendant facing a class or collective action can moot a case by...more

U.S. Supreme Court Ruling Removes An Important Wrench From The Defendants’ Toolbox For Defeating Employment Discrimination Class...

On January 20, 2016, the Supreme Court of the United States issued an important ruling that will affect employers’ ability to defend against a variety of lawsuits brought as class actions, including employment discrimination,...more

Supreme Court Rules Unaccepted Rule 68 Offer of Judgment Cannot Moot Class Action

A divided Supreme Court ruled today in Campbell-Ewald Co. v. Gomez, No. 14-857, that an unaccepted Rule 68 offer of judgment by a defendant cannot moot a putative class action. The decision settles a reserved question from...more

Supreme Court holds that an unaccepted offer of judgment doesn’t moot a class action

Article III of the Constitution limits the jurisdiction of federal courts to “cases” and “controversies.” As the Supreme Court recently explained in Genesis HealthCare Corp. v. Symczyk, a lawsuit does not present an Article...more

Supreme Court Clarifies the Scope of Application of Commercial Activity Exception to Foreign Sovereign Immunity

On December 1, 2015, the United States Supreme Court issued its decision in OBB Personenverkehr AG v. Sachs a case presenting important questions concerning the types of commercial activities that may strip foreign states and...more

Supreme Court Update: OBB Personenverkehr Ag V. Sachs (13-067) And Order List

If you blinked, you might have missed it, but the Court handed down its first signed opinion of the Term this week in OBB Personenverkehr AG v. Sachs (13-1067), unanimously holding that an Austrian railroad was immune from...more

Supreme Court Decides OBB Personenverkehr AG v. Sachs

On December 1, 2015, the Supreme Court of the United States decided OBB Personenverkehr AG v. Sachs, No. 13-1067, holding that the commercial-activity exception to the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act did not apply to a...more

Does an offer of complete relief moot a putative class action? US Supreme Court hears oral argument in Campbell-Ewald Co. v. Gomez

The United States Supreme Court has heard oral arguments in the much-watched Campbell-Ewald Co. v. Gomez, No. 14-857, case. The two questions presented in Gomez that are of importance to class action practice are... ...more

Corporate Investigations & White Collar Defense - October 2015

"Wherefore Art Thou Due Process?" Part III - Why it matters: It is time for another installment in our continuing "Wherefore Art Thou Due Process?" coverage into the ongoing constitutional challenges to the SEC's...more

U.S. Supreme Court Ponders Whether an Unaccepted Rule 68 Offer Can Moot a Plaintiff’s Claims as It Hears Argument in Gomez

The U.S. Supreme Court heard oral argument in Campbell-Ewald Co. v. Gomez on October 14, 2015, an important case presenting the question of whether a defendant can defeat a class action by offering complete individual relief...more

D.C. Circuit Court “Tunes In” To SEC Administrative Court Debate

On September 29, 2015, the D.C. Circuit, the second federal appellate court to recently weigh in on the ongoing debate over SEC administrative actions, ruled in favor of the SEC in Jarkesy v. SEC, holding that federal courts...more

Fifth Circuit Holds Unaccepted Rule 68 Offer of Judgment Cannot Moot a Named Plaintiff’s Claim in a Putative Class Action

The defendant in a putative class action brought pursuant to the Electronic Funds Transfer Act (EFTA), 15 U.S.C. § 1693, et seq., tendered a Rule 68 offer of judgment to the named plaintiff before class certification briefing...more

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