Title VII Sex Discrimination

Title VII of the Civil Rights Act is a United States federal law enacted in 1964 and aimed at preventing discrimination in the workplace on the basis of race, color, sex, national origin, and religion. Title VII... more +
Title VII of the Civil Rights Act is a United States federal law enacted in 1964 and aimed at preventing discrimination in the workplace on the basis of race, color, sex, national origin, and religion. Title VII has been subsequently extended to discrimination on the basis of pregnancy and sexual stereotypes and to prohibit sexual harassment. Title VII applies to all employers with fifteen or more employees including private employers, state and local governments, and educational institutions.  less -
News & Analysis as of

Justice Department Extends Title VII Protection to Transgender Government Employees

In a surprising reversal, on December 18, 2014, Attorney General Eric Holder announced that the United States Department of Justice ("DOJ") will now interpret Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 ("Title VII") as...more

DOJ Says Title VII's Sex Discrimination Prohibition Includes Gender Identity

U.S. Attorney General Eric Holder has announced that the Department of Justice (DOJ) now takes the position that Title VII's prohibition against sex discrimination includes discrimination based on gender identity, including...more

Department of Justice to Include Gender Identity Under Discrimination Protection

In a memo released by the Department of Justice yesterday, Attorney General Holder directed government attorneys to no longer exclude gender identity, including transgender issues, from Title VII’s protection against sex...more

The Pregnancy Discrimination Act – Granting Equal Rights to Being Treated Poorly?

In 1978 Congress enacted the Pregnancy Discrimination Act (“PDA”) to amend Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 to prohibit sex discrimination on the basis of pregnancy. Why then in 2014, over forty-five years later, is...more

Group health plans for same-sex spouses: Equal treatment required or not?

In our recent webinar, McAfee & Taft attorneys shared with you a number of ramifications from the recent U.S. Supreme Court decision that effectively legalized same-sex marriage in Oklahoma. One of the key questions we...more

Waiting with Their Wings to Fight Workplace Sex Discrimination

Flight Attendants Were Instrumental in the Early Enforcement of Title VII's Prohibition of Sex Discrimination, Panel Explains at 50thAnniversary Event in Chicago - CHICAGO - Flight attendants were one of the first...more

EEOC’s Transgender Claims Gain Momentum

The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) made history recently by filing its first lawsuits alleging sex discrimination against transgender individuals. The EEOC says Michigan-based RG & GR Harris Funeral...more

Retail Chain Sued for Sex Discrimination After Customer Stalks Employee

Sexual harassment in the workplace is typically committed by a supervisor or co-worker. However, employers may be liable for sex discrimination if the harasser is a client or customer. Recently, the U.S. Equal Employment...more

OFCCP Joins EEOC in Holding That Gender Identity/Transgender Discrimination is Sex Discrimination Under Title VII

The Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs (OFCCP) issued a Directive on Gender Identity and Sex Discrimination (DIR 2014-02), announcing that it will follow the EEOC and investigate claims of gender identity...more

Ninth Circuit Allows Deputies to Proceed with Sex Discrimination Suit

Anderson v. City and County of San Francisco, No. 11-16746 (July 2, 2014): In a recent decision, the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals held that the San Francisco Sheriff’s Department (SFSD) may have violated Title VII of the...more

Sex Stereotyping, Sexual Orientation Discrimination, And Federal Law – Crazy-Mixed-Up Right Now

The Employment Non-Discrimination Act is dead again, so there isn’t a federal law prohibiting discrimination based on sexual orientation. Is there any federal law on same-sex harassment or discrimination? If so, what is it?...more

50 For 50: Five Decades Of The Most Important Employment Discrimination Decisions - Number 48: Transgender Rights Under Title VII...

As Pride festivities celebrating the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) culture occur this month in Los Angeles, San Francisco, San Diego and Sacramento, we take a look at the development of transgender...more

50 for 50: Five Decades of the Most Important Discrimination Law Developments - Number 35: Title IX: We’ve Come a Long Way, Baby

For starters, you can’t refer to employees in the workplace as “baby” anymore. And for that, we can thank the enactment of a Title VII and Title IX. We’ve covered the enactment of Title VII here. Equally important was the...more

Where Title VII, electrical utility market, and Peter Rabbit meet

In 1902, Beatrix Potter published “The Tale of Peter Rabbit.” It was an unexpected success, and by the time she passed away, she had published 23 books and secured for herself both a handsome income and a place in the history...more

Think Third Party Harassment Can’t Harm You? Think Again

On April 29, 2014, the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit’s ruling of Freeman v. Dal-Tile Corp., No. 13-1481, 2014 WL 1678422 (4th Cir. Apr. 29, 2014) addressed third-party harassment. The Court held...more

Bank of Albuquerque to Pay $230K to Settle EEOC Age and Sex Discrimination Lawsuit

Bank Fired Two Women Because of Age and Sex, Federal Agency Charged - ALBUQUERQUE, N.M. - BOK Financial Corporation, doing business as the Bank of Albuquerque, will pay $230,000 and furnish other relief to settle an...more

Florida Supreme Court Decides that Florida Civil Rights Act Prohibits Pregnancy Discrimination

On April 17, 2014, the Florida Supreme Court resolved a certified conflict between two of Florida’s district courts of appeal, to hold that the Florida Civil Rights Act (FCRA) prohibits pregnancy discrimination. To read the...more

“Wailing and Cussing and Screaming and Hollering”—A “Singular Incident” or a Hostile Work Environment?

The Eighth Circuit Court of Appeals recently rejected the sex discrimination, hostile work environment, constructive discharge, and retaliation claims that a graphic designer brought against her employer and two of her...more

JPMorgan Chase Will Pay $1,450,000 to Resolve EEOC Class Sex Discrimination Lawsuit

Female Mortgage Bankers in Columbus, Ohio Were Subjected to Sex-Based Harassment And Denied Lucrative Sales Opportunities, Federal Agency Charged - CLEVELAND - Financial giant JPMorgan Chase will pay $1,450,000 and...more

"Does Leaning In Make Legal Sense for Employers? Definitely."

With employment discrimination charges at a 15-year high, employers are seeing a particular increase in claims brought by workers who are pregnant or caring for young children or aging parents. A 2010 report by the Center for...more

Sixth Circuit Affirms Summary Judgment Dismissing Plaintiff’s Wage Discrimination Claims

The Sixth Circuit recently upheld a district court’s grant of summary judgment dismissing a female plaintiff’s wage discrimination claims under the Equal Pay Act (“EPA”), Title VII, and Michigan’s Elliot-Larsen Civil Rights...more

EEOC Cut Short for Shortcutting Path to Court – Again

Last week, the EEOC suffered another major loss when a New York district court found that the EEOC once again shirked its pre-litigation obligations under Title VII. In EEOC v. Bloomberg, L.P., No. 1:07-cv-08383-LAP...more

Six Lessons for Franchisors on Avoiding Liability Under Title VII

Restaurant franchisor Buffalo Wild Wings, Inc. (BWW) and Buffalo Wild Wings International Inc. were sued in Arizona's federal district court on charges of Title VII violations....more

EEOC Sues Checkers for Pay Discrimination

Restaurant Chain Paid Female Managers and Cashiers Less Than Males, Federal Agency Says - PHILADELPHIA -- Market Burgers, L.L.C., doing business as Checkers, a fast food restaurant chain, violated federal law by paying...more

Utah Employment Law Letter - August 2013: Sex Discrimination Unwelcome Labor Pains: Pregnancy Discrimination Under Title VII

When it was originally passed, Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 did not prohibit pregnancy-related discrimination. That changed when the Pregnancy Discrimination Act (PDA) was enacted as an amendment to Title VII in...more

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