Uniform Commercial Code

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A Cautionary Tale – The Need for Bank Oversight on Collateral Releases

Beware!! The story brought to us today courtesy of the Second Circuit Court of Appeals (In re: Motor Liquidation Co., 13-2187) is one that should strike fear into the hearts of all bankers and lawyers. It is a cautionary tale...more

UCC Collateral Description: More May Not Be Better

Ring v. First Niagara Bank, N.A. (In re Sterling United, Inc.), 519 B.R. 586 (Bankr. W.D.N.Y. 2014) – A chapter 7 trustee sought to recover as preferences payments made by the debtor to a lender and proceeds of...more

For the Canadian Cross-Border Finance Lawyer or Lender, A UCC Financing Statement Hypothetical with FAQs

As a U.S. finance lawyer practicing in Canada, Canadian lawyers and lenders frequently ask me about the filing of UCC financing statements. This blog entry describes a typical scenario and memorializes my answers to the...more

2014 Changes to the New York Uniform Commercial Code

The changes provide modernization but with some nonuniform provisions. On December 17, 2014, New York Governor Andrew Cuomo signed into law New York Assembly Bill 9933, which amends the Uniform Commercial Code (the...more

Review Twice, File Once, Review Again; UCC-3 Termination Intent Irrelevant

A “UCC-3 Termination Statement” is commonly used in secured transactions by a secured party to put the world on notice that the perfected security interest referenced in the UCC-3 filing is terminated. On October 17, 2014,...more

Factor Beware: A Judgment Lien Creditor in California May Have Priority Over Your Security Interest

A factor may receive notice from a judgment creditor that the judgment creditor holds a judgment lien on the accounts of the factor’s client, and be tempted to ignore the notice, since the judgment lien is later in time than...more

Loan to Own: A Potpourri of Bankruptcy Attacks

Colony Beach & Tennis Club Ass’n, Inc. v. Colony Lender, LLC (In re Colony Beach & Tennis Club, Inc.), 508 B.R. 468 (Bankr. M.D. Fla. 2014) – Three affiliated debtors (RMI, CBTC and CBI) proposed a plan of...more

Delaware Supreme Court: A Mistakenly Authorized UCC Termination Statement is Effective to Terminate Original UCC Filing

On October 17, 2014, the Delaware Supreme Court entered an opinion holding that a UCC-3 termination statement that is authorized by the secured party is effective to terminate the original UCC filing even though the secured...more

Delaware Supreme Court Finds UCC Termination Filings Valid Despite Lack of Lender’s Intent

On October 17, the Delaware Supreme Court held that JP Morgan (JPM) terminated its security interest in all of the collateral provided by General Motors (GM) in support of a $1.5 billion loan, despite neither party intending...more

Disputes in the Manufacturing Supply Chain

Disputes in the automotive supply chain often involve questions concerning warranties, warranty disclaimers, limitations on remedies and limitations on damages. Understanding the basics of warranty law is critical to managing...more

Second Circuit Considers "No Oral Modification" Clause in Helicopter Contract - The Court Examined Exceptions to "No Oral...

The Second Circuit recently issued a summary decision concerning the scope of a "no oral modification" clause in contracts governing the sale of helicopters. The underlying dispute involved three separate helicopter purchase...more

Bankruptcy Courts Fail to Enlighten on Electricity as Goods or Services

Is electricity goods or services? That seemingly simple yet confounding question is illustrated by three recent bankruptcy cases (all of which consider whether an electricity provider is entitled to an administrative expense...more

Delaware Supreme Court Rules Mistakenly Filed UCC Termination Statement Is Effective in $1.5 Billion Secured Loan Transaction

Lenders need to exercise great caution when filing a UCC-3 termination statement. They must make sure that the list of security interests terminated is accurate and that the statement does not mistakenly include other,...more

FHA Multifamily Rental Project Closing Document Revisions

The U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) has released revised closing documents that must be used for all transactions with a commitment issued after August 10, 2014. HUD has instituted a grace period in...more

NJ Banks May Not Face Common Law Tort Claims for Improper Electronic Funds Transfers

The New Jersey Supreme Court in a matter of first impression held that a non-customer of a bank cannot bring a common law negligence claim against that bank for an improper money transfer via the Internet. In ADS Associates...more

California Amends Uniform Commercial Code Article 9 Regarding Name of Individual Debtor on Financing Statements

The California Legislature passed, and Governor Brown signed, Assembly Bill No. 1858, which changes the way individual debtors are identified in Uniform Commercial Code financing statements. The bill brings California into...more

Insurers, Be Ready To Pay Twice In Texas

Often, an insurance carrier will issue a check to two joint payees — the named insured and either a public adjuster or a mortgagee. What happens when the one payee cashes the check without first obtaining a signature from the...more

Best Practices in Drafting U.S. Government Subcontract Terms and Conditions

Federal government subcontracts are a hybrid between commercial contracts governed by state law (such as, for the sale of goods, the Uniform Commercial Code) and government contracts governed by the Federal Acquisition...more

Security Interests in Intellectual Property and Related Issues in Bankruptcy

Intellectual property (“IP”) can act as collateral to be pledged to secure an extension of credit. For example, a company that borrows money from a bank can pledge its patents as collateral for the loan. The bank (referred...more

Some Questions About Delaware’s New Law Allowing Parties To Extend The Statute Of Limitations

Delaware recently amended its law to allow parties to a written contracting involving at least $100,000 to provide that any action based on that contract may be brought within a period specified in that contract provided that...more

Mobile Check Deposits: With Soaring Use, Increasing Risks

Consider the following hypothetical scenario (and a typical scam involving mobile check deposits) in which an employer (the “Company”) issues a paper check to one of its employees (the “Employee”). The Employee remotely...more

What’s in a Name? Changes to Article 9 of the California Uniform Commercial Code

As you are probably aware, the latest revisions to Article 9 of the California Commercial Code became effective on July 1, 2014. Rather than providing an exhaustive list of all of the revisions to Article 9 of the California...more

NC Supreme Court Reminds Court of Appeals That Typical Lender-Borrower Relationship is Not a Fiduciary One

The North Carolina Supreme Court recently reaffirmed that a run-of-the-mill lender and borrower are not fiduciaries, reversing the Court of Appeals decision that would have this issue to go to the jury. The case is Dallaire...more

Diligence in Hotel Lending

The hotel industry appears to be on an uptick, which is good news for lenders. Hotel construction in May 2014 is up over 13% from the same time period in 2013. Moreover, record high occupancy rates and low supply could...more

Fees for Recording IP Security Agreements with the USPTO and USCO

In financing transactions, such as loans or securitizations, lenders will typically take a security interest in the borrower's assets pledged as collateral, including any United States intellectual property ("US IP") assets,...more

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