Uniform Commercial Code

News & Analysis as of

Settlement Proceeds: When Does Cash Become Quasi Real Estate?

Farmer v. Citizens Nat’l Bank of Athens (In re Davis), 528 B.R. 757 (Bankr. E.D. Tenn. 2015) – A chapter 7 trustee sought a court determination that the trustee had a superior claim to settlement proceeds arising from...more

Overcoming A Securities Overissue

I like to remind my colleagues that California has two securities laws. Neither of these laws applies exclusively to corporations or other entities organized under California law.  The Corporate Securities Law of 1968, Cal....more

The SemCrude Bankruptcy: Commodity Traders Prevail Against Related Fraud and U.C.C. Claims

In 2008, SemCrude, L.P. and related entities (collectively, SemCrude or the Debtors) filed voluntary petitions for relief under Chapter 11 of the U.S. Bankruptcy Code. In connection with the SemCrude bankruptcy, a dispute...more

Florida Appellate Court Provides Guidance on Proof Required to Enforce Lost Negotiable Instruments

As Florida works through its foreclosure backlog, many of the cases remaining are those with complications, for example a lost promissory note. Such issues are not insurmountable, but do require an attention to detail. For...more

When a Driver’s License Is More Than a Bad Picture: Is Your UCC Financing Statement Still Effective?

UCC Financing Statements Must Contain the Debtor’s Correct Name - “[A] financing statement is sufficient only if it [among other things] . . . provides the name of the debtor. “ N.C. Gen. Stat. § 25-9-502(a)(1) (emphasis...more

Burr Commentary: Florida’s District Courts of Appeal Continue to Tighten Standing Requirements for Foreclosures

The UCC was supposed to make enforcing negotiable instruments a simpler, more streamlined process. It has proven anything but in Florida.  Continuing a trend that now stretches back years, mortgage lenders have had an...more

Navigating Patent Damages Part III: Statutory Indemnification – Implied Warranty Against Infringement

In this third article relating to patent damages, we explore the effects of implied indemnification provisions when evaluating who is responsible for litigation costs when faced with an infringement suit....more

The UCC Shelter Rule: What Is It and How and When Should It Be Invoked?

What if a note is missing an endorsement or there are other problems with the negotiation of the note (e.g., the allonge is not properly affixed), such that the person to whom the note was delivered and who is in possession...more

Arbitration Fireworks: Three Federal Circuits Refuse To Compel Arbitration

Three federal appellate courts recently affirmed lower courts’ refusal to compel arbitration. These cases show that the federal policy favoring arbitration is not absolute – the parties must have agreed to arbitrate the...more

When You Can and Can’t E-Sign

The definition of “signed” in the UCC includes “any symbol,” as long as it’s “executed or adopted with present intention to adopt or accept a writing.” Com C §1201(b)(37). E-Sign extends this approach to electronic...more

A Look at the Friendly Foreclosure Option

When a debtor defaults on a loan secured by personal property, the secured lender has several options for repayment. One option is to sell the collateral securing the debt pursuant to Article 9 of the Uniform Commercial Code...more

Bailment: Retaining Funds Received From a Bankrupt Bailee Is Not a Slam Dunk

In re Mississippi Valley Livestock, Inc., 745 F.3d 299 (7th Cir. 2014) – A debtor sold cattle for the account of a cattle producer and then remitted the proceeds to the producer. A chapter 7 trustee sought to recover...more

Real Property, Financial Services & Title Insurance Update: Weeks Ending May 1 & 8, 2015

Foreclosure: trial court abused its discretion in dismissing foreclosure action with prejudice, cancelling substantial debt, and denying lender ability to refile a foreclosure action without making finding of facts as...more

New York’s Revised UCC – Winds of Change (Part 2 of 2)

In this second and last part of this series (click here for Part 1) we discuss the changes to Article 9 (Secured Transactions) of the Uniform Commercial Code of the State of New York (the “NYUCC”), as recently amended by...more

Manufactured Home Lien: Forget Perfection, You Need To Have A Lien In The First Place

Morris v. Ark Valley Credit Union (In re Gracy), 522 B.R. 686 (Bankr. D. Kan. 2015) – A chapter 7 trustee sought to avoid a credit union’s security interest in a manufactured home by asserting his strong arm powers as a...more

New York’s Revised UCC – Winds of Change (Part 1 of 2)

New York is the jurisdiction of choice for a majority of international and interstate financial transactions. Thus, lending lawyers and their clients should pay special attention to Chapter 505 of the New York Assembly...more

Lost Mortgage Notes: Those Pesky State UCC Variations

Desmond v Raymond C. Green, Inc. (In re Harborhouse of Gloucester, LLC), 523 B.R. 749 (1st Cir. BAP 2014) – A Chapter 7 trustee objected to the proof of claim filed by a downstream assignee of a lost mortgage note. ...more

It’s a Bird, It’s a Plane, It’s . . . Super Priority! A Brief Primer on Purchase Money Security Interests

What is a “Purchase Money Security Interest”? A “purchase-money security interest” (or “PMSI”) is a security interest securing a “purchase-money obligation”, or an obligation incurred by a debtor to buy collateral...more

Mortgage Notes: Those Nasty Assignments!

In re Baber, 523 B.R. 156 (Bankr. E.D. Ark. 2014) – The debtors objected to a proof of claim filed on behalf of a mortgagee based on issues arising from assignment of the mortgage note by the lender that originated the...more

Security Interests in Intellectual Property

As collateral for a loan, lenders are accustomed to obtaining a security interest in the property of the borrower. Such property usually includes tangible assets of the borrower such as real estate, machinery and other...more

Considerations For Lenders in Workouts & Loan Restructurings

Despite the improvement in the economy since the advent of the “Great Recession,” many businesses nevertheless continue to struggle. Accordingly, lenders are well advised to stay up to date on  “best practices” when facing a...more

EU Customs Practice Group - January 2015

In This Issue: - EU CUSTOMS POLICY: ..UCC Developments ..EP hearing on customs sanctions - TARIFFS: ..FTA update - CLASSIFICATION: ..Classification Regulations ..Nomenclature Committee...more

Indiana Court of Appeals Reverses “E-Mortgage” Decision

The Indiana Court of Appeals reversed and remanded for further proceedings a trial court’s grant of partial summary judgment and held that because the plaintiff did not show that it controlled the electronic mortgage note...more

The GM Engine that Couldn’t: $1.5B Nail in JPMorgan’s Coffin

In our recent post, “Review Twice, File Once, Review Again; UCC-3 Termination Intent Irrelevant,”we described how the Delaware Supreme Court set forth how a secured party’s lien can be terminated without the requisite intent,...more

Second Circuit Rules Unintended UCC Termination Statement Was Authorized

When terminating a financing statement, it is necessary to be certain that other financing statements are not unintentionally released, according to an opinion last week of the Second Circuit Court of Appeals. The effect of...more

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