Preemption

News & Analysis as of

Reviewing Courts' Approaches to State or Local Control of Hydraulic Fracturing

While many debates over hydraulic fracturing continue throughout the oil and gas industry, a growing number of state courts are addressing the "home rule" argument, or in this case, whether local governments within the state...more

Huskey V. Ethicon: Case Survives Federal Preemption Argument by Ethicon

Johnson & Johnson’s Ethicon division tried, as it had before, to have its upcoming federal transvaginal mesh case thrown out of court. The healthcare giant was unsuccessful. On July 8, Judge Joseph Goodwin, who is...more

California Dividend Statutes Found To Preempt Common Law Claims

Chapter 5 of the California Corporations Code imposes specific limitations on “distributions to shareholders”, a term defined in Corporations Code section 166. Directors who approve the making of any distribution to...more

The Ninth Circuit Puts Up Road Block to Motor Carrier Arguing that California Break Laws are Preempted by the FAAA Act, But Leaves...

On Wednesday, the United States Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals rendered a decision that, on its face, involved a technical preemption issue, but one that will have serious repercussions for those in the transportation...more

Aviation Flyer - Summer 2014

In This Issue: - Forum Non Conveniens - A Defendant’s Initial Impulse Could Be The Riskiest - Providing Information To Expert Witnesses: A Quick Guide To The Proper Procedures And Potential Pitfalls -...more

NY High Court Hears Fracking Preemption Cases

Earlier this month the New York State Court of Appeals heard oral argument in Matter of Norse Energy USA v. Town of Dryden and Cooperstown Holstein v. Town of Middlefield, in which the Court has been asked to decide whether...more

How Courts Have Ruled on the Still-open Issue of Whether the Clean Air Act Preempts State Common Law Tort Suits

In its landmark 2011 decision in American Electric Power Co., Inc. v. Connecticut, et al., 131 S.Ct. 2527 (2011), the U.S. Supreme Court held that the Clean Air Act (CAA) and the actions by the U.S. Environmental Protection...more

United States Supreme Court Holds that CERCLA Allows State Statutes of Repose to Limit Plaintiffs’ Injury Claims

This week, the United States Supreme Court issued a ruling of interest to any Potentially Responsible Party regarding the effect of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) on state...more

ERISA Litigation: What Benefits and Other Professionals Need to Know

In This Presentation: - Stephens v. Citation Corp. (N.D. Ala. 2010) (Acker, J.) - Erisa Topics Today - ERISA Preemption: Good or Bad? - Provident Internal Memorandum re: ERISA, Oct. 2,...more

Supreme Court Seeks Federal Government Opinion on National Bank Act Preemption of State Foreclosure Law

Considering a petition for certiorari filed by Federal National Mortgage Association in a case concerning which state’s law governs a national bank’s authority to serve as trustee under a deed of trust—the state in which the...more

NY Bill Seeks to Strip Insurers of Discretion When Substance Abuse Services Should Be ERISA Preempted

The New York State Senate is considering passing Bill No. 4326 which seeks to address an epidemic of heroin and prescription drug abuse by requiring insurers to provide in-patient treatment to addicts. Publicity over the...more

The Limits Of SLUSA Preemption

In 1995, the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act (“PSLRA”) was passed to limit frivolous and unwarranted securities lawsuits. 15 U.S.C. §78u–4. While private securities litigation is an indispensable tool in which...more

EPA Asks STB to Resolve Preemption Question

The Administrator of Region IX of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has petitioned the Surface Transportation Board (STB) for a declaratory order to address whether locomotive idling rules issued by the South Coast...more

A Bad Turn For Reg A+ And Reg D?

SEC Commissioner Luis A. Aguilar gave a speech to an annual conference of the North American Securities Administrators Association, otherwise known as NASAA. On the issue of Reg A+ preemption of state law, the Commissioner...more

Minnesota Supreme Court Recognizes New Private Right Of Action Against Residential Mortgage Loan Servicers

On April 2, 2014, the Minnesota Supreme Court in Gretsch v. Vantium Capital, Inc. recognized a new private right of action against residential mortgage loan servicers who breach their servicer participation agreements with...more

U.S. Supreme Court Unanimously Reverses Ninth Circuit in Northwest, Inc. v. Ginsberg, Holding ADA Preempts State-Imposed Fair...

The U.S. Supreme Court unanimously holds that the Airline Deregulation Act (ADA) preempts a state-law claim for breach of the implied covenant of good faith and fair dealing where it seeks to enlarge the parties' voluntary...more

Ventress III Provides Another Tool for Airlines: Ninth Circuit Says Federal Aviation Act Preempts Pilot’s State Law Employment...

On March 28, 2014, the Ninth Circuit strengthened its Federal Aviation Act (the “Act”) preemption jurisprudence, holding that state law claims for retaliation and constructive termination are preempted under the Act when they...more

Delayed Discovery Cannot Cure Defective Pre-Litigation Investigations for Proposition 65 Suits

A California appellate court recently determined that a consumer group’s failure to conduct required pre-litigation investigations of several restaurant chains’ alleged Proposition 65 violations warranted dismissal of the...more

Waiting for Iskanian, Part 3 - Friends of the Plaintiff

As we await Thursday's oral argument before the California Supreme Court in Iskanian v. CLS Transportation of Los Angeles, in Part 3 of our series of posts, we'll take a look at the amici curiae supporting plaintiffs. ...more

FDA to Revisit “Evaporated Cane Juice” Draft Guidance

Earlier this month, the FDA announced that it would reopen the comment period on its draft guidance for the industry concerning use of the term “evaporated cane juice” (ECJ). Draft Guidance for Industry on Ingredients...more

House Subcommittee Holds Hearing on Draft TSCA Reform Legislation

On March 12, 2014, the House Energy and Commerce Subcommittee on Environment and the Economy held a hearing focused on the discussion draft of the Chemicals in Commerce Act (CICA). On February 27, 2014, Representative John...more

When Titans Clash: California Whistleblower Protections Trump Law on Review of Internal Hospital Staff Privilege Procedures

Health care employers face myriad challenges in complying with numerous laws—with physician hospital staff privileges and whistleblower issues not least among them. On the privileges side, a well-developed body of law...more

United States Supreme Court Resolves Circuit Split and Narrows Scope of SLUSA

In Chadbourne & Parke LLP v. Troice, Nos. 12-79, 12-86 and 12-88, 2014 U.S. LEXIS 1644 (U.S. Feb. 26, 2014), the Supreme Court of the United States resolved a split in the circuits regarding whether alleged misrepresentations...more

Supreme Court Maintains Viability of State Law Claims Related to Securities Transactions

A recent Supreme Court opinion, Chadbourne & Parke LLP v. Troice, addresses the viability of class action state-law claims arising from fraudulent securities transactions. This was an opportunity for the Court to limit...more

Los Angeles City Council Votes to Ban Hydraulic Fracturing: Home Rule or Preemption

Following a string of bans enacted by municipalities in New York, Texas, Hawaii, New Mexico (a countywide ban was enacted), Vermont and New Jersey, the Los Angeles City Council approved the adoption of a local ordinance...more

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