Uniform Commercial Code (UCC)

News & Analysis as of

Green Energy Can Complicate Real Estate Foreclosures

A quick drive through almost any newer residential community in the Southwest will show that a lot of residents are embracing “Green Energy” or renewable energy by placing solar panels on their properties. While most people...more

10 Key Intellectual Property Issues for M&A Deals

Intellectual property (IP) issues are increasingly important factors in merger and acquisition (M&A) transactions. Of the various industry sector transactions included in recent American Bar Association (ABA) Business Law...more

Development of court practice on tax disputes regarding accrual of VAT in connection with transfer of inseparable improvements of...

On 3 November 2016 the Commercial Court of Moscow delivered a decision in case No. ?40 167541/16 140 1462....more

Producers Beware: What happens when your movie distributor files bankruptcy? Part 2.

In my blog article on August 9, I focused on some of the issues that licensors need to be aware of as they license IP rights, including the concept of allowing distributors to include “damages only” clauses in the...more

Lack of Original Note Can Be Fatal Enforcement

In Emerald Portfolio, LLC v. Outer Banks/Kinnakeet Assoc., LLC, the North Carolina Court of Appeals refused to allow a debt purchaser to enforce a note where the original note was lost before it was transferred to a debt...more

Attachment Issues: Staple the Allonge to the Note or Else!

In attempting to fend off lenders’ mortgage foreclosure actions, borrowers will often assert defenses challenging the lenders’ right to foreclose. Two recent Connecticut Superior Court decisions provide cautionary tales on...more

The JOBS Act And The Convergence Of Private And Public Sales Under The UCC

Section 9610(b) of the California Commercial Code provides that if commercially reasonable, a secured party may dispose of collateral by public or private proceedings, by one or more contracts, as a unit or in parcels, and at...more

CentsAbility: Creditors' Rights Law Update - South Carolina Court of Appeals applies Uniform Commercial Code Six-Year Statute of...

This summer, the South Carolina Court of Appeals decided the appeal of Coastal Federal Credit Union v. Brown. The Court had to determine which statute of limitations applied to the credit union’s action to collect a...more

En Banc Court Ties On-Sale Bar to Commercial Sale in Accordance with Uniform Commercial Code

In a unanimous en banc decision, the US Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit established the circumstances under which a product manufactured according to product-by-process claims is invalid under the “on-sale bar” of 35...more

Rules of the (International) Road, Brexit, PPP as a New Tool for Argentina, and Keeping Non-U.S. Companies Safe from Suit (Expect...

- Post-Daimler: Are Non-U.S. Companies Safe from Suit in U.S. Courts? What if the Non-U.S. Parent Registers to Do Business in a State? - Rules of the (International) Road: Choosing and Appointing a Distributor ...more

Which Code Applies When A Stock Certificate Has Been Lost, Destroyed Or Wrongfully Taken?

Earlier this week, I wrote about Judge Edward M. Chen’s ruling in Sender v. Franklin Res., Inc., 2015 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 171453, 3-4 (N.D. Cal. Dec. 22, 2015). Judge Chen applied California Corporations Code Section 419 to a...more

This Case Caused Me To Take Stock

I recently came across Fukuda v. Nethercott, 2016 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 92462 (D. Utah, July 15, 2016). The case involved claims by the plaintiff that the defendants had sold him securities in violation of the registration...more

En Banc CAFC Requires UCC Sale For On Sale Bar

In an en banc decision issued in The Medicines Company v. Hospira, Inc., the Federal Circuit determined that in order for a commercial transaction to trigger the on-sale bar of § 35 USC 102(b), it must “bear the general...more

Enforcing Personal Guaranties

You might wonder whether lenders can enforce a guaranty of a loan from an individual or entity that has no formal connection with the borrower, i.e. someone who is not an owner or affiliated company. Generally, the answer is...more

Insights North Carolina Adopts Additional Creditor Protections for the Full Payment Check Law

For years, businesses and individuals in North Carolina have quietly settled unliquidated or disputed debts in good faith by tendering a check or other negotiable instrument in full satisfaction of the claim under the common...more

Patent Law: Making On-Sale Bar Jurisprudence Coherent

“Rather than rest our decision on formalities, our focus is on what makes our on-sale bar jurisprudence coherent: preventing inventors from filing for patents a year or more after the invention has been commercially marketed,...more

Federal Circuit Rules for The Medicines Company in Patent Litigation

In an en banc decision on July 12, 2016 in The Medicines Co. v. Hospira, Inc., the Federal Circuit established the circumstances under which a product manufactured according to product-by-process claims is invalid under the...more

Collateral 101: Perfecting Security Interests in Common and Uncommon Collateral

As most people (at least in the banking world) know, a security interest is the granting of an interest in property to secure obligations, usually loan debt. If the borrower defaults under its obligations, the bank can...more

Federal Circuit Clarifies the “Commercial Offer for Sale” Prong of the On-Sale Bar

On July 11, 2016, a unanimous Federal Circuit en banc affirmed that The Medicines Company’s (“TMC”) use of third-party contract manufacturing services did not invalidate U.S. Patent Nos. 7,582,727 and 7,598,343 (the...more

No Sale: Unanimous Federal Circuit Says “Commercial Sale,” Not “Commercial Benefit,” Applies to the Patent Act’s On-Sale Bar for...

On July 11, 2016, in The Medicines Co. v. Hospira, Inc. (Case Nos. 2014-1469, -1504), the en banc Federal Circuit unanimously concluded that “to be ‘on sale’ under § 102(b), a product must be the subject of a commercial sale...more

Federal Circuit Defines Commercial Sale For ‘On-Sale’ Bar

Unanimous en banc Federal Circuit holds that on-sale bar only applies where a commercial sale “bears the general hallmarks of a sale.” On July 11, in a unanimous en banc ruling, the full US Court of Appeals for the...more

Loan Enforcement and Creditors’ Rights

At times, lenders lose the promissory notes on defaulted loans. Lost notes are problematic because, in order to have standing to foreclose, a lender may be required in many states, including in New York, to possess the...more

Don’t Find Yourself SOL: Know Whether the Statute of Limitations Applies to Your Arbitration

Statutes of limitations provide peace of mind for many attorneys and clients, knowing previous conduct cannot lead to liability after a prescribed time period. But, do statutes of limitations apply to arbitration proceedings?...more

Blockchain Technology, Finance and Securitization

Imagine a perfect world where every financial transaction has an electronic chain of proof of title and a history of all prior owners. This is the world of blockchain technology – a world that already exists for Bitcoin, and...more

The Model Form JOA in Hard Times (and Farewell, Rally Possum)

Good morning class. Welcome to an advanced course on what can go wrong with the Model Form just when you need it. FIRST CASE - Do you know where to file your UCC financing statement?...more

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