United States Patent and Trademark Office Prior Art

The U.S. Patent and Trademark Office is an agency of the United States Department of Commerce that serves a fundamental role in the U.S. intellectual property system by issuing patents and registering trademarks.... more +
The U.S. Patent and Trademark Office is an agency of the United States Department of Commerce that serves a fundamental role in the U.S. intellectual property system by issuing patents and registering trademarks.    less -
News & Analysis as of

Supreme Court Holds that a Decision to Institute an IPR Proceeding Is Not Subject to Judicial Review and that the USPTO May Use...

On June 20, 2016, the Supreme Court issued its decision in Cuozzo Speed Technologies, LLC v. Lee which involved an appeal from the first decision by the Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit from an Inter Partes Review...more

Same-Day Continuing Applications are Co-pending under s. 120

The outcome of this question of statutory construction was not really in doubt, given the fact that an adverse holding could invalidate thousands of patents which needed same-day copendency to avoid intervening prior art....more

Computer Generated Prior Art

An old adage states that an infinite number of monkeys typing for an infinite amount of time will surely produce Shakespeare’s Hamlet. In a similar vein, the web site All Prior Art seeks to use computers and algorithms to...more

USPTO Releases Update on Patent Eligibility Decision in Light of Enfish

On May 19, the USPTO released an update to patent examiners regarding the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit’s (CAFC) recent decision in Enfish, LLC v. Microsoft Corp. and TLI Communications LLC v. A.V. Automotive,...more

“Unclean Hands” Doctrine Erases Merck’s Damage Award

In my last post on the district court’s ruling in Gilead v. Merck, I implied that Gilead had convinced the Judge that Merck had employed inequitable conduct (“IC”) in conducting its negotiations with Pharmasset, the company...more

Merck’s Solvaldi® Patents Unenforceable for Egregious Misconduct

In Gilead Sciences, Inc. v. Merck & Co., Inc., Case No. 13-cv-04057-BLE (N.D. Cal., June 6, 2016), Judge Beth Freeman, sitting in equity, found that the record compelled a finding that Merck and its employee “D” had obtained...more

MBHB Snippets: A review of developments in Intellectual Property Law - Volume 14, Issue 2 (Spring 2016)

Pre-AIA and Post-AIA Issues Presented by the On-Sale Bar - The “on-sale” bar to patentability refers to a sale or offer for sale of an invention that can invalidate the patent for that invention. The...more

Pre-AIA and Post-AIA Issues Presented by the On-Sale Bar

The “on-sale” bar to patentability refers to a sale or offer for sale of an invention that can invalidate the patent for that invention. The America-Invents-Act (AIA), which altered the language in the statutes that apply to...more

In re Aqua Products, Inc.: Federal Circuit Continues To Uphold PTAB Limits on Motions To Amend

Although the America Invents Act permits patent owners to file motions to amend claims in a patent under review, see e.g., 35 U.S.C. § 316(d), patentees generally have been unsuccessful in seeking amendments. The USPTO has...more

Prior Art: When On Sale Is Not 'On Sale'

Pursuant to Section 102 of the Patent Act, the “on-sale” bar can invalidate a patent when the claimed invention has been the subject of a commercial sale or offer for sale, and the invention is ready for patenting. Prior to...more

May 2016: Patent Litigation Update

District Court Rules Non-Public Sales or Offers for Sale No Longer Apply to the “On-Sale” Bar Under the AIA. The on-sale statutory bar is a limitation on patentability that prohibits an inventor from obtaining a patent, when...more

IPR Motions to Amend: Rays of Hope Despite Gloomy Statistics

The America Invents Act permits patent owners to move to amend claims of a patent subject to inter partes review. However, attempts to amend claims have been largely unsuccessful to date, and some of the hurdles patent owners...more

USPTO Issues Subject Matter Eligibility Update

On May 5, 2016, the USPTO published a Memorandum to the Patent Examining Corps titled “Formulating a Subject Matter Eligibility Rejection and Evaluating the Applicant’s Response to a Subject Matter Eligibility Rejection.” The...more

Federal Circuit Review | April 2016

Federal Circuit Upholds Broad Scope of CBM Review and Explains that an Internet Reference Must be Indexed by a Search Engine to Qualify as a Prior Art Publication - In Blue Calypso, LLC v. Groupon, Inc., Appeal Nos....more

Broadest Reasonable Interpretation and Claim Amendments in Post-Grant Patent Challenges

The United States Patent and Trademark Office has used a “broadest reasonable interpretation” (BRI) standard for claim interpretation when examining pending patent applications. Under the BRI standard, a claim term is...more

Strategic Considerations of Estoppel for IPRs After Shaw Industries Group v. Automated Creel Systems

When a patent is challenged in an inter partes review and a final written decision has been issued, a statutory estoppel will prevent certain subsequent proceedings. The scope of the estoppel, which applies to both Patent and...more

Estoppel is Not Invoked Simply Because Prior Art is Cumulative

After an Inter Partes Review (IPR) at the United Stated Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) is completed, validity and/or infringement of the patent may subsequently be determined by a U.S. district court. This situation...more

Federal Circuit Carves Out Exception to IPR Estoppel Provisions

The Federal Circuit recently held that petitioners will not be estopped from raising in subsequent proceedings any noninstituted grounds deemed “redundant” by the Board or otherwise denied without meritorious consideration....more

Federal Circuit Remands PTAB’s Denial of Motion to Amend in IPR - Nike, Inc. v. Adidas AG

Addressing a decision by the Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB or Board) denying a motion to amend claims under inter partes review (IPR), the US Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit remanded the matter to the Board for...more

Federal Circuit Tosses PTAB Decision

The Federal Circuit vacates a decision by the PTAB for relying on facts raised for the first time at oral argument. Executive Summary - On March 15, 2016, the US Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit vacated...more

No Mention Of Damages Is Permitted During Liability Phase Of Trial

Amgen Inc., et al. v. Sanofi, et al., C.A. No. 14-1317 – SLR (Consolidated), March 2, 2016 - Robinson, J. Order resolving pre-trial evidentiary issues. Plaintiffs seek to preclude defendants from relying on two...more

Federal Circuit Review | February 2016

Federal Circuit Dismisses an Appeal of an Inter Partes Reexamination for Lack of Standing Where the Appellant Failed to Establish that it was the Successor-in-Interest to the Original Petitioner - In Agilent...more

Printed Publications at the PTO

With the implementation of the America Invents Act of 2011, inter partes review proceedings at the Patent Trial and Appeal Board have become a popular way to challenge the validity of a patent. The types of information which...more

Motion to Amend in IPR Must Establish Patentability Over Prior Art from Original Prosecution - Prolitec, Inc. v. ScentAir...

Addressing whether a patentee must show that proposed claim amendments in an inter partes review (IPR) overcome not only the prior art in the IPR but also the prior art from the original prosecution, the U.S. Court of Appeals...more

Blog: Using Continuation Applications Strategically

Continuation applications are wonderful tools for increasing the size and scope of your patent portfolio. With some careful planning, you can use continuation applications to turn your experience with the patent office and...more

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