Virtual Currency

Virtual Currency (aka Digital Currency or Digital Money) is a type of currency or medium of exchange that is not issued by any government nor guaranteed by a government currency. Despite lacking legal tender... more +
Virtual Currency (aka Digital Currency or Digital Money) is a type of currency or medium of exchange that is not issued by any government nor guaranteed by a government currency. Despite lacking legal tender status, Virtual Currency is still traded and exchanged in some environments, typically online environments or communities. Bitcoin is the most well-known form of Virtual Currency.    less -
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Corporate and Financial Weekly Digest - Volume XI, Issue 17

BROKER-DEALER - SEC Modifies and Extends Pilot Program for NMS Plan to Address Extraordinary Market Volatility - The Securities and Exchange Commission has issued an order that modifies and extends the National...more

Bitstamp obtains first payment institution license in the world

Bitstamp, the third largest Bitcoin exchange in the world and located in Luxembourg, announced on April 25, 2016, that it has obtained a payment institution license from Luxembourg, which means it is the first nationally...more

Copyright’s “Double Spend” Problem: Digital First Sales

For those interested in the evolution of digital currencies, I highly recommend Steven Levy’s “E-Money (It’s What I Want)” article from Wired way back in December 1994. It’s a great read, and presages many current...more

Ransomware gets even more nightmarish with Jigsaw

We have been alerting all of our readers to the nightmares of ransomware, and that the healthcare industry is a prime target. Just when you thought it couldn’t get any worse, a new strain of ransomware, known as Jigsaw,...more

Blog: Virtual Currency Regulation: The European Parliament’s Box Of Frogs

On 26 April 2016, the European Parliament’s Internal Market & Consumer Protection (IM&CP) Committee published an Opinion about virtual currencies. The Opinion was prepared by Ulrike Trebesius (MEP) and it calls on the...more

Blog: European Parliament: Opinion on virtual currencies – regulation’s on its way (part 2)

The European Parliament’s Internal Market & Consumer Protection Committee has published an Opinion about virtual currencies. In the Opinion, which was prepared by rapporteur Ulrike Trebesius, the Committee calls on the...more

Virtual Currency Guidelines

Despite growing pains, digital currencies and blockchain may be the future of payments and global finance. As with any disruptive technology that gains popularity quickly, building the legal framework to support it is...more

Your daily dose of financial news The Brief – 3.29.16

Major news for the extended Blackstone & private equity family yesterday, as federal authorities arrested Wall Street exec Andrew Caspersen on charges of securities and wire fraud in what they’re labeling a “’brazen’ scheme...more

FinCEN Enforcement Trends: 2015 Year in Review

A review of FinCEN’s enforcement efforts in 2015 and 2014 reveal a marked trend away from its longstanding focus on depository institutions and toward otherwise unregulated financial institutions, as well as an increased...more

State Regulation Roundup Revisited

As discussed in a previous post, several states are in various stages of implementing regulations related to digital currency. Below is an updated summary of the actions currently underway....more

Your daily dose of financial news The Brief – 3.15.16

Anbang Insurance Group, the Chinese insurer that surprised many with its nearly $2 billion purchase of the Waldorf Astoria 2 years ago, made an equally startling unsolicited bid to acquire Starwood Hotels for [a pricey] $12.8...more

Bitcoin traders allegedly bribe pastor to conduct transactions

New York federal prosecutors allege in an unsealed indictment that Trevor Gross, a New Jersey pastor at Hope Cathedral and Chairman of a credit union, was bribed $150,000 by illegal bitcoin traders to complete transactions...more

Cryptocurrency: A Primer

What is cryptocurrency? There is no one standard definition of cryptocurrency. At the most basic level cryptocurrency—or digital currency or virtual currency—is a medium of exchange that functions like money (in that it...more

UK Financial Regulatory Developments - March 2016 #5

EBA reports on supervisory colleges - EBA has published its annual assessment of EU colleges of supervisors. The report assesses how colleges have functioned during 2015 and identifies key activities for the effective...more

Blog: International Regulators Take An Interest In Crypto-Currencies & The Blockchain: Regulation Is On Its Way

In the space of less than 24 hours, the UK’s Financial Conduct Authority (FCA), the European Parliament and the Financial Stability Board (FSB), published three documents which demonstrate a keen interest in (a) using; and...more

Orrick's Financial Industry Week in Review

Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection Issues Policy on No-Action Letters - On February 18, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau issued a new policy statement on No-Action Letters. Under the Policy, Bureau...more

The Bitcoin Identity Crisis: Currency or Property?

The confusion over Bitcoin grows in the latest lawsuit brought in a California bankruptcy court by Trustee Mark Kasolas against Marc Lowe, a former employee of HashFast Technologies LLC. The trustee alleges, among other...more

Draft Report on Virtual Currencies Published by EU Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs

On February 25, a draft report on the subject of virtual currencies was published by the European Parliament’s Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (“ECON“). The draft report consists of a motion for a European...more

Legal Framework of Mobile Payments Presented in Pew Center White Paper

As consumers increasingly turn to mobile devices to pay their bills, shop online, and order rides and other services, a number of legal and practical questions emerge. Who regulates mobile financial services offered by...more

Blog: Applying The 4th Anti-Money Laundering Directive & The 2nd Payment Services Directive To Virtual Currency Exchanges And...

The European Union’s Economic and Financial Affairs Council will meet on Friday 12 February 2016. At that meeting, the Council will be invited to agree to...more

Bitcoin and the Changing Legal Landscape

If your business is contemplating doing something with digital currencies (meaning virtual currencies, like Bitcoin, Ripple, Ethereum, etc.), you need a plan. First, consider how and where your business will use digital...more

Governments Change Their Minds, Too

In a span of two years, India has done a 180-degree turn on virtual currencies. In December 2013, the Reserve Bank of India issued a press release “caution[ing] users of Virtual Currencies against Risks.” The release...more

Can New Beneficial Owner Identification Requirement for Cash-Only Real Estate Deals in Miami and New York City Be Avoided if...

Why it matters - After years of concern about money laundering through shell corporations, repeated legislative and regulatory efforts to gain more information on beneficial owners of entities involved in various types...more

DTCC Explores Blockchain Technology

The Depository Trust & Clearing Corporation, or DTCC, is integrally involved with settlement of trades in public company stocks. It has issued a white paper examining the use of blockchain technology to settle securities...more

"Developments in Oversight of Virtual Currency Businesses"

Virtual currency businesses saw increased oversight by U.S. regulators in 2015, and continued interest by federal and state authorities is expected as regulation evolves. Two recent developments in this arena are particularly...more

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