Virtual Currency

Virtual Currency (aka Digital Currency or Digital Money) is a type of currency or medium of exchange that is not issued by any government nor guaranteed by a government currency. Despite lacking legal tender... more +
Virtual Currency (aka Digital Currency or Digital Money) is a type of currency or medium of exchange that is not issued by any government nor guaranteed by a government currency. Despite lacking legal tender status, Virtual Currency is still traded and exchanged in some environments, typically online environments or communities. Bitcoin is the most well-known form of Virtual Currency.    less -
News & Analysis as of

Department of Justice Settles Virtual Currency Enforcement Action

The US Attorney’s Office in the Northern District of California recently settled an enforcement action against Ripple Labs Inc., a Delaware corporation providing virtual currency exchange services. According to the settlement...more

Corporate & Financial Weekly Digest - Volume X, Issue 19

In This Issue: - FINRA's NAC Strengthens Sanction Guidelines Related to Fraud and Suitability - CFTC Revises Interpretation on Forward Contracts with Embedded Volumetric Optionality - CFTC Requests Public...more

Financial Services Weekly News Roundup - May 2015 #2

Senator Shelby Releases Discussion Draft of Financial Regulatory Bill. On May 12 Senator Richard Shelby, the Chairman of the Senate Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, announced that the Committee had...more

FinCEN Resolves First Enforcement Action Against Virtual Currency Exchange

On May 5, a virtual currency company and its subsidiary agreed to pay a $700,000 civil money penalty for violating multiple provisions of the Bank Secrecy Act (BSA), in which both companies acted as a money service business...more

Bitcoin and the Like: Further Tax Developments to Monitor

Virtual currency developments continue to emerge, including state tax guidance, a court decision on deductibility of losses, and the Uniform Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act (the “Act”). State Tax Guidance - The New...more

Around the Virtual World: May 4 – 8, 2015

A weekly wrap up of interesting news about virtual worlds, virtual goods, and other social media. In This Issue: - Goldman a Lead Investor in Funding Round for Bitcoin Startup Circle - Hands-on With...more

Federal Authorities Announce Settlement with Ripple Labs Inc. Resolving Investigation

Federal authorities announced this week a settlement with Ripple Labs Inc. and its subsidiary, XRP Fund II, resolving an investigation by FinCEN and the Department of Justice into violations of the Bank Secrecy Act.  ...more

Pushing the Envelope: Overstock Seeks SEC Approval for Shelf Offering of Digital Securities

In a recent filing with the Securities and Exchange Commission, Overstock.com, Inc. expanded its foray into world of digital currency technology. Announcing plans to issue digital securities, Overstock will be trailblazing...more

FinCEN Announces First Civil Enforcement Action Against Virtual Currency Exchanger

Continuing its aggressive anti-money laundering enforcement agenda, the Treasury Department’s Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN) announced yesterday that it had commenced the first-ever civil enforcement action...more

From Wild West to SEC Regulation: Overstock.com’s Proposed Digital Securities & the Lessons of Bitcoin

A first look at Overstock.com's proposal to use a Bitcoin-like technology to distribute and trade in digital securities....more

State and Local Taxation: Headline News and Trends - April 2015

In This Issue: Megatrends and Developments, Business Activity Taxes, Transaction Taxes, Other Issues... ...more

European Securities Regulator Calls for Information Concerning Virtual Currency

On April 22, 2015, the European Securities and Markets Authority (“ESMA”) – the European Union’s (“EU”) securities watchdog agency – issued a formal call for evidence regarding investments using virtual currency or...more

ESMA

The European Union has recently demonstrated additional interest in the potential uses of blockchain technology for financial services outside of virtual currencies. On April 22, 2015, the European Securities and Markets...more

Financial Regulatory Developments Focus - April 2015 #4

In this issue: - Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation Seeks Comment on Potential New Deposit Account Records Requirements for Banks with a Large Number of Deposit Accounts - Basel Committee Removes Selected...more

ESMA Issues Call for Evidence on Virtual Currency

On April 22, the European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) issued a call for information (Call for Evidence) on virtual currency. Unlike recent studies performed by the European Banking Authority and HM Treasury, ESMA...more

ESMA Call for Evidence on Investments Using Virtual Currency or Distributed Ledger Technology

On April 22, 2015, the European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) published a call for evidence on investments using virtual currency (vc) or distributed ledger technology. ESMA has been monitoring and analyzing VC...more

Orrick's Financial Industry Week in Review

CFTC Issues Guidance for Swap Execution Facilities on the Calculation of Projected Operating Costs - On April 23, the CFTC issued guidance regarding the calculation of projected operating costs or expenses for the...more

Corporate & Financial Weekly Digest - Volume X, Issue 16

In this issue: - SEC Committee to Focus on the Order Protection Rule at Upcoming Meeting - CFTC Issues No-Action Relief to SEFs and DCMs in Connection with Swaps with Operational or Clerical Errors - CFTC...more

Regulatory Settlement Proves Major Obstacle for Certification of Minor Class of Google In-App Purchases

Google sells apps on its Play Store that allow users to make in-app purchases, typically the buying of “currency” for use in app-based games. This putative class action alleged that the games were aimed at minor children and...more

Uniform Law Commission Study Committee to Host a Stakeholder’s Meeting on April 23

In December 2014, the Study Committee of the Uniform Law Commission (ULC) recommended to the ULC to convene a Drafting Committee to draft uniform state legislation concerning alternative currencies and mobile payment systems....more

Five Things to Know about New Jersey’s Taxation of Convertible Virtual Currency

On March 10, 2015, the New Jersey Division of Taxation issued Technical Advisory Memorandum TAM-2015-1, explaining its policy regarding convertible virtual currency. The IRS has held that convertible virtual currency (CVC),...more

Bitcoin and the Like: Tax Considerations

Virtual currency is a new, untested, and unregulated asset. The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) defines “virtual currency” as a digital representation of value that functions as a medium of exchange, a unit of account, and/or...more

Financial Regulatory Developments Focus - March 2015 #3

In this issue: - US Federal Reserve Board Proposal Requiring Banking Organizations to Include Legal Entity Identifiers on Reporting Documents - Comptroller of the Currency Thomas Curry Testimony -...more

California Virtual Currency Legislation

On February 27, 2015, California Assemblyman Matt Dababneh, chairman of the state's Banking and Finance Committee, introduced Assembly Bill 1326, which would prohibit a person from engaging in California in the business of...more

California Set to Consider Virtual Currency Guidelines

On February 27, California Assembly Member Matt Dababneh introduced AB 1326, which would provide guidelines for individuals or businesses who conduct business using virtual currency. The legislation would prohibit a person...more

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