Wage and Hour Fair Labor Standards Act

News & Analysis as of

FLSA Exemption Changes: More On Salaried-Employee Alternatives

Our April 27 post gave an example of how to reduce the financial impact of a previously-exempt employee's becoming subject to the federal Fair Labor Standards Act's overtime requirement. The illustration had to do with the...more

Automobile Service Advisers Are Not Exempt Under the FLSA—At Least Not According to the Ninth Circuit

Navarro v. Encino Motorcars, LLC, No. 13-55323 (March 24, 2015): The plaintiffs in Navarro v. Encino Motorcars, LLC were “service advisors” at a Mercedes Benz dealership. The main duties of service advisors are to evaluate...more

Second Circuit Clarifies That FLSA’s Anti-Retaliation Protection Includes Oral Complaints

Greathouse v. JHS Security Inc., No. 12-4521 (2d Cir. Apr. 20, 2015): The Second Circuit Court of Appeals vacated and remanded the Southern District of New York’s decision dismissing an employee’s wage retaliation claim...more

Wage and Hour Basics Series: Penalties for FLSA Non-Compliance

Periodically this year, we have discussed some of the fundamentals of wage and hour law, starting with a general review of the white collar exemptions. We will continue to periodically review some of the more fundamental...more

Security Screening Time in the Wake of Busk - Retail did you know?

Dear Retail Clients and Friends, In 2014, employees across the United States filed dozens of lawsuits under both the federal Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA or the Act) and state law alleging that they and the classes of...more

The Big and Small Implications in Perez v. Mortgage Bankers Association

There are two important takeaways from Perez v. Mortgage Bankers Association, one with a broad scope and the other much narrower. The broader ruling exempts agency interpretations of laws and regulations from any notice and...more

Department of Labor Says "Transparent Government" Begins With...Transparent Data about Businesses?

We’ve reached almost the end of April, and the long delayed, new FLSA regulations are still percolating somewhere in deep inside the DOL. So what has the agency been up to instead? Last month, as part of the annual “Sunshine...more

FLSA Exemption Changes: Some Compensation Alternatives For Salaried Employees

No one knows when the U.S. Labor Department will eventually implement revised definitions of the federal Fair Labor Standards Act's Section 13(a)(1) exemptions (we have covered these developments earlier). But whenever this...more

After Second Circuit Decision, Oral Complaint to Employer May Support FLSA Retaliation Claim

Under the federal Fair Labor Standards Act (“FLSA”), it is unlawful “to discharge or in any other manner discriminate against any employee because such employee has filed any complaint … related to” the FLSA. ...more

Overtime Changes Threaten the Exempt Status of Retail and Hospitality Managers

The National Retail Federation’s (NRF) Committee on Employment Law held its spring meeting last week, and one of the hottest topics on the minds of the attendees concerned the impact that the U.S. Department of Labor’s...more

Reimbursing Employees for Business Expenses: The FLSA Kickback Rule [Wage & Hour FAQs]

Over the last month, Domino’s has been in the news for some of the wrong reasons, with not one but two Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) class action lawsuits alleging that two large Domino’s franchisees paid delivery drivers...more

Wage and Hour Alert

Must I pay my housekeeper minimum wage and overtime pay? Yes! Recently, an increasing number of domestic service employees (such as nannies and housekeepers) have filed wage and hour claims against their employers in South...more

Oral Complaint to Supervisor Can Support FLSA Retaliation Claim, Says Second Circuit

On April 20, 2015, the Second Circuit overruled its existing precedent and held that oral complaints of FLSA violations, made internally to a supervisor, can form the basis for a retaliation claim under Section 215 of the...more

Some Additional Thoughts on "Half-Time" Overtime: The Fluctuating Workweek Method

Last week, we discussed the fluctuating workweek method and its possible benefits. Remember that the fluctuating workweek method is not a "save lots of overtime expenses method." Employers who use the fluctuating workweek to...more

Federal Court Rules That HR Consultant’s Report is Not Privileged

On March 27, 2015, the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York granted the plaintiffs’ motion to compel disclosure of a report prepared by a Human Resources (“HR”) consultant in class action litigation under...more

"Predictable Scheduling" Concept Gaining Momentum

In late January, we reported on U.S. Wage and Hour Division Administrator David Weil's comments that the agency is considering whether the federal Fair Labor Standards Act somehow entitles employees to "predictable...more

9th Circuit Splits with 4th, 5th Circuits, Finds Auto Dealer Service Advisors Not Exempt Under FLSA

Reversing a district court decision, and declining to follow decisions from a number of other courts, including the Fourth and Fifth Circuits, the Ninth Circuit has deferred to the Department of Labor's (DOL) "flip-flopped"...more

Must Management Justify Treating Exempt Employees As Non-Exempt?

For years, The Big Corporation has treated its Department Supervisors as meeting all of the requirements for the executive exemption from the federal Fair Labor Standards Act's minimum-wage and overtime requirements. However,...more

Eleventh Circuit Scraps Employer’s Defense in FLSA Claim for Overtime Wages

May an employee recover under the Fair Labor Standards Act for unpaid overtime even if it was his own fault that the overtime was unpaid? The Eleventh Circuit recently answered “Yes,” in the case of Bailey v. Titlemax of Ga.,...more

Lesser Known Exemptions: The "Ministerial" Exception to the FLSA

Last week, in my post about the impact of the various iterations of the Religious Freedom Restoration Act (RFRA) on wage and hour law, we discussed the general rule that the FLSA does not contain blanket exceptions or...more

Ninth Circuit Defers to DOL View that Automobile Service Advisors Have No Industry Overtime Exemption

When taking in your car to the dealership for repairs, you are usually greeted by a service advisor. Service advisors compile information needed for the mechanic to diagnose and repair the vehicle. They also provide cost...more

March 2015 Independent Contractor Compliance and Misclassification News Update

This past month’s headline developments involve three major developments in the area of independent contractor (IC) misclassification. The first case involves a large department store that agreed to pay most of the costs of...more

The Religious Freedom Restoration Act (RFRA) and Wage and Hour Law

Unless you are living under a rock, you are probably aware of the uproar in Indiana about the Religious Freedom Restoration Act that the state passed, triggering an incredible backlash inside and outside the state and a rush...more

Answering The Call

California leads the nation in vigilantly regulating the conditions which constitute “hours worked.” Definitions are established, modified, and expanded by the California Labor Code, its Wage Orders, and decisions by...more

Ninth Circuit Finds Auto 'Service Advisors' Not Exempt Under FLSA

In Navarro v. Encino Motorcars, LLC (9th Cir. Mar. 24 2015), the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit addressed an issue of first impression in the Circuit: whether individuals who worked for automobile dealerships as...more

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