2018 California Construction Law Update

by Wendel, Rosen, Black & Dean LLP
Contact

The California State Legislature introduced 2,495 bills during the first year of the 2017-2018 Legislative Session. Of these, 859 were signed into law.

While much political attention was focused on several California laws that could be viewed as California’s rebuke of Washington, including California’s legalization of marijuana, enactment of “sanctuary state” legislation, and bills focused on climate change, 2017 also saw the enactment of a package of bills intended to address the state’s housing affordability crises (for a great summary of these bills see Wendel Rosen’s Landuse Group’s recent article Slate of New Housing Bills Takes Effect January 1, 2018), as well as a range of other bills of interest to the construction industry including bills related construction financing, alternative project delivery methods, and solar construction.

Each of the bills discussed below took effect on January 1, 2018, except as otherwise stated.

Contractors

AB 534 – Prohibits a mechanics lien from being recorded against any other property of an owner in a common interest development on which work was performed unless consent was provided by that owner or that owner made a request for labor or finishing of materials or services. However, permits the recording of a mechanics lien against another owner in a common interest development where emergency repairs are made. Permits the owner of a separate interest in a common interest development to remove a mechanics lien by paying a mechanics lien claimant a proportional fraction of the total sum secured by the mechanics lien or to record a lien release bond.

AB 1278 – Revises requirements related to the notification to the Contractors State License Board of an unsatisfied judgment, bonds for the judgment and suspension for failure to comply. Provides that if a judgment is entered against a contractor, the qualifier is automatically prohibited from serving as a qualifier or personnel of record on another license until the judgment is satisfied.

AB 1357 – Permits C-39 roofing contractors to perform repairs pursuant to a roof inspection for purposes of providing a roof certification.

SB 486 – Authorizes the Contractors State License Board (CSLB) to issue a letter of admonishment to an applicant, licensee, or home improvement registrant instead of issuing a citation if, upon investigation, the CSLB has probable cause to believe that a licensee, applicant or registrant has committed acts or omissions that are grounds for denial, suspension, or revocation of a license or registration.

Public Works Projects

AB 92 – Extends until January 1, 2023, the limitation by public entities, direct contractors and subcontractors to withhold more than 5 percent retention on public works projects unless a specific finding is made by the public entity that a higher retention is required.

AB 1223 – Requires state agencies, within 10 days of making a construction contract payment on projects of $25,000 or more, to post on the Internet the name of the construction contractor or company paid, the date the payment was made or the date the state agency transmitted instructions to the controller or other payer to make payment, the payment application number or other identifying information, and the amount of the payment.

Prevailing Wages, Apprentices, and Workers’ Compensation

AB 55 – Effective July 1, 2018, adjusts the time period from two to three years for a worker to have completed at least 20 hours of approved advanced safety training at high hazard facilities to qualify as a “skilled journeyperson” for purposes of performing this type of work.

AB 199 – Expands the definition of private residential projects exempt from the payment of prevailing wages to include projects built pursuant to an agreement with a successor agency to a redevelopment agency.

AB 1066 – Expands the definition of public works for purposes of paying prevailing wages to include tree removal work.

AB 1701 – For contracts entered into on or after January 1, 2018, makes direct contractors involved in the erection, construction, alteration, or repair of a building, structure ,or other work, liable for wages, fringe and other benefit payments or contributions (including interest incurred by a subcontractor of any tier), except penalties or liquidated damages.

SB 189 – Effective July 1, 2018, expands the exception to the requirement that employees be covered by workers’ compensation insurance to include officers and directors who render service for pay who (1) own at least 10 percent of the issued and outstanding stock; or (2) own at least 1 percent of the issued and outstanding stock if that officer or director’s parent, grandparent, sibling, spouse, or child owns at least 10 percent of the issued and outstanding stock, the officer or director is covered by a health care service plan or health insurance policy, and executes a written waiver.

SB 418 – Revises the definition of skilled and trained workforce by providing that: (1) for work performed on or after January 1, 2018, at least 40 percent of the skilled journeypersons are graduates of an apprenticeship program, with the exception certain occupations; (2) for work performed on or after January 1, 2019, at least 50 percent of the skilled journeypersons are graduates of an apprenticeship program, with the exception of certain occupations; and (3) for work performed on or after January 1, 2020, at least 30 percent of the skilled journeypersons are graduates of an apprenticeship program, with the exception of certain occupations.

Alternative Project Delivery

AB 115 – Extends the authority of the California Department of Transportation to use the construction manager/general contractor (CM/GC) project delivery method, which was originally limited to no more than 12 projects, to an additional 12 projects. Expands the use of the CM/GC project delivery method by regional transportation agencies to railroad grade separations and bridge rehabilitations and replacements in Riverside County. Permits Alameda, Los Angeles, Riverside, San Bernardino, San Diego, Solano and Yuba Counties to use the cost-plus-time bidding procedure for certain projects.

AB 851 – Extends the authorization of counties to utilize construction manager at-risk (CMAR) project delivery method on projects exceeding $1 million from January 1, 2018, to January 1, 2023. Provides that CMs shall not be prequalfied or shortlisted unless the CM certifies that the CM and its subcontractors of every tier will use a skilled and trained workforce. Authorizes the City of San Diego to use the CMAR project delivery method and authorizes the Santa Clara Valley Water District to use the design-build method of project delivery.

AB 994 – Authorizes the Beach Cities Health District to use the design-build project delivery method until January 1, 2023.

SB 373 – Authorizes the Stanislaus Regional Water Authority to use the design-build procurement process for its Regional Surface Water Supply Project.

SB 622 – Authorizes bridge and highway districts to use informal bidding for construction, repair, maintenance and alteration work with an estimated expenditure that does not exceed $50,000.

SB 793 – Authorizes the Peninsula Health Care District, Midpeninsula Regional Open Space District and Santa Clara Valley Open-Space Authority to use design-build process for construction of facilities or buildings. Exempts the Midpeninsula Regional Open Space District and Santa Clara Valley Open-Space Authority from the minimum project limitation of $1 million. Authorizes the Counties of Alameda, Los Angeles, Riverside, San Bernardino, San Diego, San Mateo, Solano and Yuba to select bidders on the basis of bet value for construction projects in excess of $1 million but not to exceed $3 million, adjusted annually by the California Consumer Price Index, through January 1, 2020.

School Construction

AB 203 – Requires the Department of Education, in establishing standards for school districts to ensure that the design and construction of school facilities are educationally appropriate and promote school safety, to provide for design flexibility by school districts. Requires the Department of Education, Division of the State Architect, and Office of Public School Construction, on or before July 1, 2018, to submit a report to the State Legislature on streamlining their application processes.

AB 618 – Permits school districts to set the monetary threshold by which they are authorized to use job order contracting. Prohibits contractors retained by a school district to assist in the development of job order contract documents from bidding on job order contracts or participating in the preparation of a bid with any job order contractor. Authorizes community college districts to use job order contracting through January 1, 2022.

AB 1082 – Authorizes electrical corporations to file with the Public Utilities Commission by July 30, 2018 a pilot program proposal for the installation of vehicle charging stations at school facilities and other educational institutions.

Transportation

AB 1282 – Requires the Secretary of Transportation, in consultation with the Secretary of the Natural Resources Agency, to establish a Transportation Permitting Task force to develop a process for early engagement in the development of transportation projects, establish reasonable deadlines for permit approvals, and provide for greater certainty of permit approval requirements by April 1, 2018, and to prepare and submit a report by December 1, 2019.

Project Funding

AB 56 – Revises the definition of “public development facilities” under the Bergeson-Peace Infrastructure and Economic Development Act to mean real and personal property, structures, conveyances, equipment, thoroughfares, buildings, and supporting components thereof, excluding any housing, that are directly related to providing housing-related infrastructure including city streets, drainage, water supply and flood control, etc.

AB 560 – Authorizes the State Water Resources Control Board to use funds from the Safe Drinking Water State Revolving Fund to provide grants or revolving fund loans for the design and construction of projects in service areas that qualify as severely disadvantaged communities.

SB 3 – Enacts the Veterans and Affordable Housing Bond Act of 2018, which, if adopted by voters in teh November 2018 general election, would authorize the issuance of $4 billion in bonds for veterans and affordable housing.

SB 5 – Authorizes, upon approval by the voters, the issuance of $4 billion in bonds to finance drought, water, parks, climate, coastal protection and outdoor access programs, including construction.

Environmental, Solar and Climate Change

AB 28 – Provides that the State of California consents to jurisdiction by the federal courts with regard to compliance, discharge, or enforcement of environmental review and clearance under U.S. Department of Transportation’s surface transportation project delivery pilot program.

AB 262 – Requires the Department of General Services, by January 1, 2019, to publish in the State Contracting Manual, a maximum acceptable global warming potential for “eligible materials,” defined as carbon steel rebar, flat glass, mineral wool board insulation and structural steel. Requires, for public works contracts entered into on or after July 1, 2019, that an awarding agency require a successful bidder to submit an Environmental Product Declaration for eligible materials.

AB 634 – Prohibits common interest development associations from prohibiting the installation or use of a rooftop solar energy system on the roof of a building in which an owner resides or on a garage or carport adjacent to a building that has been assigned to an owner for his or her exclusive use.

AB 733 – Authorizes enhanced infrastructure financing districts established by cities and counties to finance projects that enable communities to adapt to the impacts of climate change.

AB 797 – Requires the Public Utilities Commission to reserve 50 percent of the solar water heating program for the installation of solar thermal systems in low-income residential housing or in buildings in disadvantaged communities.

AB 1070 – Requires the Contractors State License Board in collaboration with the Public Utilities Commission to develop and make available on the Internet a disclosure document that provides consumers with accurate, clear, and concise information regarding the installation of solar energy systems by January 1, 2018, and requires that this disclosure document be provided to consumers by solar energy systems companies, including  for solar energy systems utilizing PACE financing.

AB 1414 – Extends the prohibition of building permit fees for rooftop solar systems from exceeding certain maximum amounts unless the  local agency provides substantial evidence of reasonable need for higher fees from January 1, 2018 to January 1, 2025.

SB 242 – Requires PACE program administrators to orally confirm that at least one owner of the property has a copy of specified documents and forms, to provide an oral confirmation of key terms of an assessment contract, and to record such oral confirmations.

SB 541 – Requires the State Water Resources Control Board, in consultation with regional water quality control boards, and the Division of the State Architect to recommend best design and use practices for stormwater and dry weather runoff capture practices by January 1, 2019.

Americans with Disabilities Act

AB 1148 – Clarifies ent of existing law regarding the requirement that commercial property owners or lessors state in every lease or rental agreement executed on or after January 1, 2017, whether or not the premises have undergone inspection by a Certified Access Specialist (CASp), applies only to commercial properties rented or leased to persons operating, or intending to operate, a place of public accommodation or a facility to which the general public will be invited.

California Fires

AB 367 – Permits the issuance of a building permit for a residence to be supplied by a water hauler, bottled water, a water-vending machine or retail water facility if the residence is being rebuilt because of a fire.

Photo credit: CC0 Public Domain

[View source.]

DISCLAIMER: Because of the generality of this update, the information provided herein may not be applicable in all situations and should not be acted upon without specific legal advice based on particular situations.

© Wendel, Rosen, Black & Dean LLP | Attorney Advertising

Written by:

Wendel, Rosen, Black & Dean LLP
Contact
more
less

Wendel, Rosen, Black & Dean LLP on:

Readers' Choice 2017
Reporters on Deadline

"My best business intelligence, in one easy email…"

Your first step to building a free, personalized, morning email brief covering pertinent authors and topics on JD Supra:
*By using the service, you signify your acceptance of JD Supra's Privacy Policy.
Custom Email Digest
- hide

JD Supra Privacy Policy

Updated: May 25, 2018:

JD Supra is a legal publishing service that connects experts and their content with broader audiences of professionals, journalists and associations.

This Privacy Policy describes how JD Supra, LLC ("JD Supra" or "we," "us," or "our") collects, uses and shares personal data collected from visitors to our website (located at www.jdsupra.com) (our "Website") who view only publicly-available content as well as subscribers to our services (such as our email digests or author tools)(our "Services"). By using our Website and registering for one of our Services, you are agreeing to the terms of this Privacy Policy.

Please note that if you subscribe to one of our Services, you can make choices about how we collect, use and share your information through our Privacy Center under the "My Account" dashboard (available if you are logged into your JD Supra account).

Collection of Information

Registration Information. When you register with JD Supra for our Website and Services, either as an author or as a subscriber, you will be asked to provide identifying information to create your JD Supra account ("Registration Data"), such as your:

  • Email
  • First Name
  • Last Name
  • Company Name
  • Company Industry
  • Title
  • Country

Other Information: We also collect other information you may voluntarily provide. This may include content you provide for publication. We may also receive your communications with others through our Website and Services (such as contacting an author through our Website) or communications directly with us (such as through email, feedback or other forms or social media). If you are a subscribed user, we will also collect your user preferences, such as the types of articles you would like to read.

Information from third parties (such as, from your employer or LinkedIn): We may also receive information about you from third party sources. For example, your employer may provide your information to us, such as in connection with an article submitted by your employer for publication. If you choose to use LinkedIn to subscribe to our Website and Services, we also collect information related to your LinkedIn account and profile.

Your interactions with our Website and Services: As is true of most websites, we gather certain information automatically. This information includes IP addresses, browser type, Internet service provider (ISP), referring/exit pages, operating system, date/time stamp and clickstream data. We use this information to analyze trends, to administer the Website and our Services, to improve the content and performance of our Website and Services, and to track users' movements around the site. We may also link this automatically-collected data to personal information, for example, to inform authors about who has read their articles. Some of this data is collected through information sent by your web browser. We also use cookies and other tracking technologies to collect this information. To learn more about cookies and other tracking technologies that JD Supra may use on our Website and Services please see our "Cookies Guide" page.

How do we use this information?

We use the information and data we collect principally in order to provide our Website and Services. More specifically, we may use your personal information to:

  • Operate our Website and Services and publish content;
  • Distribute content to you in accordance with your preferences as well as to provide other notifications to you (for example, updates about our policies and terms);
  • Measure readership and usage of the Website and Services;
  • Communicate with you regarding your questions and requests;
  • Authenticate users and to provide for the safety and security of our Website and Services;
  • Conduct research and similar activities to improve our Website and Services; and
  • Comply with our legal and regulatory responsibilities and to enforce our rights.

How is your information shared?

  • Content and other public information (such as an author profile) is shared on our Website and Services, including via email digests and social media feeds, and is accessible to the general public.
  • If you choose to use our Website and Services to communicate directly with a company or individual, such communication may be shared accordingly.
  • Readership information is provided to publishing law firms and authors of content to give them insight into their readership and to help them to improve their content.
  • Our Website may offer you the opportunity to share information through our Website, such as through Facebook's "Like" or Twitter's "Tweet" button. We offer this functionality to help generate interest in our Website and content and to permit you to recommend content to your contacts. You should be aware that sharing through such functionality may result in information being collected by the applicable social media network and possibly being made publicly available (for example, through a search engine). Any such information collection would be subject to such third party social media network's privacy policy.
  • Your information may also be shared to parties who support our business, such as professional advisors as well as web-hosting providers, analytics providers and other information technology providers.
  • Any court, governmental authority, law enforcement agency or other third party where we believe disclosure is necessary to comply with a legal or regulatory obligation, or otherwise to protect our rights, the rights of any third party or individuals' personal safety, or to detect, prevent, or otherwise address fraud, security or safety issues.
  • To our affiliated entities and in connection with the sale, assignment or other transfer of our company or our business.

How We Protect Your Information

JD Supra takes reasonable and appropriate precautions to insure that user information is protected from loss, misuse and unauthorized access, disclosure, alteration and destruction. We restrict access to user information to those individuals who reasonably need access to perform their job functions, such as our third party email service, customer service personnel and technical staff. You should keep in mind that no Internet transmission is ever 100% secure or error-free. Where you use log-in credentials (usernames, passwords) on our Website, please remember that it is your responsibility to safeguard them. If you believe that your log-in credentials have been compromised, please contact us at privacy@jdsupra.com.

Children's Information

Our Website and Services are not directed at children under the age of 16 and we do not knowingly collect personal information from children under the age of 16 through our Website and/or Services. If you have reason to believe that a child under the age of 16 has provided personal information to us, please contact us, and we will endeavor to delete that information from our databases.

Links to Other Websites

Our Website and Services may contain links to other websites. The operators of such other websites may collect information about you, including through cookies or other technologies. If you are using our Website or Services and click a link to another site, you will leave our Website and this Policy will not apply to your use of and activity on those other sites. We encourage you to read the legal notices posted on those sites, including their privacy policies. We are not responsible for the data collection and use practices of such other sites. This Policy applies solely to the information collected in connection with your use of our Website and Services and does not apply to any practices conducted offline or in connection with any other websites.

Information for EU and Swiss Residents

JD Supra's principal place of business is in the United States. By subscribing to our website, you expressly consent to your information being processed in the United States.

  • Our Legal Basis for Processing: Generally, we rely on our legitimate interests in order to process your personal information. For example, we rely on this legal ground if we use your personal information to manage your Registration Data and administer our relationship with you; to deliver our Website and Services; understand and improve our Website and Services; report reader analytics to our authors; to personalize your experience on our Website and Services; and where necessary to protect or defend our or another's rights or property, or to detect, prevent, or otherwise address fraud, security, safety or privacy issues. Please see Article 6(1)(f) of the E.U. General Data Protection Regulation ("GDPR") In addition, there may be other situations where other grounds for processing may exist, such as where processing is a result of legal requirements (GDPR Article 6(1)(c)) or for reasons of public interest (GDPR Article 6(1)(e)). Please see the "Your Rights" section of this Privacy Policy immediately below for more information about how you may request that we limit or refrain from processing your personal information.
  • Your Rights
    • Right of Access/Portability: You can ask to review details about the information we hold about you and how that information has been used and disclosed. Note that we may request to verify your identification before fulfilling your request. You can also request that your personal information is provided to you in a commonly used electronic format so that you can share it with other organizations.
    • Right to Correct Information: You may ask that we make corrections to any information we hold, if you believe such correction to be necessary.
    • Right to Restrict Our Processing or Erasure of Information: You also have the right in certain circumstances to ask us to restrict processing of your personal information or to erase your personal information. Where you have consented to our use of your personal information, you can withdraw your consent at any time.

You can make a request to exercise any of these rights by emailing us at privacy@jdsupra.com or by writing to us at:

Privacy Officer
JD Supra, LLC
10 Liberty Ship Way, Suite 300
Sausalito, California 94965

You can also manage your profile and subscriptions through our Privacy Center under the "My Account" dashboard.

We will make all practical efforts to respect your wishes. There may be times, however, where we are not able to fulfill your request, for example, if applicable law prohibits our compliance. Please note that JD Supra does not use "automatic decision making" or "profiling" as those terms are defined in the GDPR.

  • Timeframe for retaining your personal information: We will retain your personal information in a form that identifies you only for as long as it serves the purpose(s) for which it was initially collected as stated in this Privacy Policy, or subsequently authorized. We may continue processing your personal information for longer periods, but only for the time and to the extent such processing reasonably serves the purposes of archiving in the public interest, journalism, literature and art, scientific or historical research and statistical analysis, and subject to the protection of this Privacy Policy. For example, if you are an author, your personal information may continue to be published in connection with your article indefinitely. When we have no ongoing legitimate business need to process your personal information, we will either delete or anonymize it, or, if this is not possible (for example, because your personal information has been stored in backup archives), then we will securely store your personal information and isolate it from any further processing until deletion is possible.
  • Onward Transfer to Third Parties: As noted in the "How We Share Your Data" Section above, JD Supra may share your information with third parties. When JD Supra discloses your personal information to third parties, we have ensured that such third parties have either certified under the EU-U.S. or Swiss Privacy Shield Framework and will process all personal data received from EU member states/Switzerland in reliance on the applicable Privacy Shield Framework or that they have been subjected to strict contractual provisions in their contract with us to guarantee an adequate level of data protection for your data.

California Privacy Rights

Pursuant to Section 1798.83 of the California Civil Code, our customers who are California residents have the right to request certain information regarding our disclosure of personal information to third parties for their direct marketing purposes.

You can make a request for this information by emailing us at privacy@jdsupra.com or by writing to us at:

Privacy Officer
JD Supra, LLC
10 Liberty Ship Way, Suite 300
Sausalito, California 94965

Some browsers have incorporated a Do Not Track (DNT) feature. These features, when turned on, send a signal that you prefer that the website you are visiting not collect and use data regarding your online searching and browsing activities. As there is not yet a common understanding on how to interpret the DNT signal, we currently do not respond to DNT signals on our site.

Access/Correct/Update/Delete Personal Information

For non-EU/Swiss residents, if you would like to know what personal information we have about you, you can send an e-mail to privacy@jdsupra.com. We will be in contact with you (by mail or otherwise) to verify your identity and provide you the information you request. We will respond within 30 days to your request for access to your personal information. In some cases, we may not be able to remove your personal information, in which case we will let you know if we are unable to do so and why. If you would like to correct or update your personal information, you can manage your profile and subscriptions through our Privacy Center under the "My Account" dashboard. If you would like to delete your account or remove your information from our Website and Services, send an e-mail to privacy@jdsupra.com.

Changes in Our Privacy Policy

We reserve the right to change this Privacy Policy at any time. Please refer to the date at the top of this page to determine when this Policy was last revised. Any changes to our Privacy Policy will become effective upon posting of the revised policy on the Website. By continuing to use our Website and Services following such changes, you will be deemed to have agreed to such changes.

Contacting JD Supra

If you have any questions about this Privacy Policy, the practices of this site, your dealings with our Website or Services, or if you would like to change any of the information you have provided to us, please contact us at: privacy@jdsupra.com.

JD Supra Cookie Guide

As with many websites, JD Supra's website (located at www.jdsupra.com) (our "Website") and our services (such as our email article digests)(our "Services") use a standard technology called a "cookie" and other similar technologies (such as, pixels and web beacons), which are small data files that are transferred to your computer when you use our Website and Services. These technologies automatically identify your browser whenever you interact with our Website and Services.

How We Use Cookies and Other Tracking Technologies

We use cookies and other tracking technologies to:

  1. Improve the user experience on our Website and Services;
  2. Store the authorization token that users receive when they login to the private areas of our Website. This token is specific to a user's login session and requires a valid username and password to obtain. It is required to access the user's profile information, subscriptions, and analytics;
  3. Track anonymous site usage; and
  4. Permit connectivity with social media networks to permit content sharing.

There are different types of cookies and other technologies used our Website, notably:

  • "Session cookies" - These cookies only last as long as your online session, and disappear from your computer or device when you close your browser (like Internet Explorer, Google Chrome or Safari).
  • "Persistent cookies" - These cookies stay on your computer or device after your browser has been closed and last for a time specified in the cookie. We use persistent cookies when we need to know who you are for more than one browsing session. For example, we use them to remember your preferences for the next time you visit.
  • "Web Beacons/Pixels" - Some of our web pages and emails may also contain small electronic images known as web beacons, clear GIFs or single-pixel GIFs. These images are placed on a web page or email and typically work in conjunction with cookies to collect data. We use these images to identify our users and user behavior, such as counting the number of users who have visited a web page or acted upon one of our email digests.

JD Supra Cookies. We place our own cookies on your computer to track certain information about you while you are using our Website and Services. For example, we place a session cookie on your computer each time you visit our Website. We use these cookies to allow you to log-in to your subscriber account. In addition, through these cookies we are able to collect information about how you use the Website, including what browser you may be using, your IP address, and the URL address you came from upon visiting our Website and the URL you next visit (even if those URLs are not on our Website). We also utilize email web beacons to monitor whether our emails are being delivered and read. We also use these tools to help deliver reader analytics to our authors to give them insight into their readership and help them to improve their content, so that it is most useful for our users.

Analytics/Performance Cookies. JD Supra also uses the following analytic tools to help us analyze the performance of our Website and Services as well as how visitors use our Website and Services:

  • HubSpot - For more information about HubSpot cookies, please visit legal.hubspot.com/privacy-policy.
  • New Relic - For more information on New Relic cookies, please visit www.newrelic.com/privacy.
  • Google Analytics - For more information on Google Analytics cookies, visit www.google.com/policies. To opt-out of being tracked by Google Analytics across all websites visit http://tools.google.com/dlpage/gaoptout. This will allow you to download and install a Google Analytics cookie-free web browser.

Facebook, Twitter and other Social Network Cookies. Our content pages allow you to share content appearing on our Website and Services to your social media accounts through the "Like," "Tweet," or similar buttons displayed on such pages. To accomplish this Service, we embed code that such third party social networks provide and that we do not control. These buttons know that you are logged in to your social network account and therefore such social networks could also know that you are viewing the JD Supra Website.

Controlling and Deleting Cookies

If you would like to change how a browser uses cookies, including blocking or deleting cookies from the JD Supra Website and Services you can do so by changing the settings in your web browser. To control cookies, most browsers allow you to either accept or reject all cookies, only accept certain types of cookies, or prompt you every time a site wishes to save a cookie. It's also easy to delete cookies that are already saved on your device by a browser.

The processes for controlling and deleting cookies vary depending on which browser you use. To find out how to do so with a particular browser, you can use your browser's "Help" function or alternatively, you can visit http://www.aboutcookies.org which explains, step-by-step, how to control and delete cookies in most browsers.

Updates to This Policy

We may update this cookie policy and our Privacy Policy from time-to-time, particularly as technology changes. You can always check this page for the latest version. We may also notify you of changes to our privacy policy by email.

Contacting JD Supra

If you have any questions about how we use cookies and other tracking technologies, please contact us at: privacy@jdsupra.com.

- hide

This website uses cookies to improve user experience, track anonymous site usage, store authorization tokens and permit sharing on social media networks. By continuing to browse this website you accept the use of cookies. Click here to read more about how we use cookies.