As part of its expanded authority resulting from the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA), the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) is continuing its efforts to ensure compliance with 340B Drug Pricing Program (340B program) requirements through annual recertifications of compliance and audits of covered entities. Participating 340B program covered entities may access significant discounts on the purchasing cost of outpatient prescription drugs, and are required to meet certain program requirements, including the prohibition on diversion of 340B program discounted drugs to individuals who are not patients of the covered entity and on the purchase of a discounted drug that is also subject to a rebate under the Medicaid Drug Rebate program. In 2012, HRSA began requiring covered entities to certify compliance with 340B program requirements, and began conducting both random and targeted audits of covered entities.