General Overview of the Primary Protection Granted to a Debtor Under the United States Bankruptcy Code -
The United States Bankruptcy Code, through its various chapters, governs bankruptcy and reorganization for individuals, corporations, limited liability companies, partnerships, farmers, and municipalities in the United States of America. The Bankruptcy Code is federal law and it applies in all States of the United States. There are no separate “bankruptcy” laws in the individual States. Most States have their own insolvency, receivership, and assignment-forthe-benefit-of-creditors laws, but they are not as widely used.
Upon the filing of a bankruptcy petition by or against a person or entity (the “Debtor”), section 362 of the Bankruptcy Code automatically creates an injunction (“Automatic Stay”) that enjoins all creditors and other parties from commencing or continuing any actions against Debtor to enforce claims and obligations that arose prior to the filing of the bankruptcy petition. The Automatic Stay also enjoins action against property of the Debtor’s estate.
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