On February 19, 2016, the Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS) released its annual report to Congress. CFIUS is an interagency committee that reviews the national security risks associated with investments that could result in foreign control of U.S. businesses, known as “covered transactions.” This report summarizes CFIUS activity in 2014, which is the most recent year for which it has compiled data. Here is what you need to know:
Breakdown of “Covered Transactions”
In 2014, 47 percent of covered transactions filed with CFIUS related to the manufacturing sector, and 26 percent related to the finance, information and services sector. The mining, utilities and construction sectors and the wholesale, retail and transportation sectors accounted for the other 27 percent of covered transactions filed with CFIUS.
For the third year in a row, China accounted for the most CFIUS notices filed (24) by a foreign country. The United Kingdom accounted for the second highest number of notices reviewed (21) in 2014, up significantly from seven in 2013. Canada’s 15 notices made it the third most represented country in 2014.
Other Important Takeaways
According to the CFIUS report, the U.S. Intelligence Community suspects that foreign governments or companies “may be” using a coordinated strategy to acquire U.S. companies that research, develop or produce critical technologies. The report indicates that “foreign governments are extremely likely to continue to use a range of collection methods to obtain critical U.S. technologies.” These conclusions mirror those reached in last year’s report. According to CFIUS, information technology companies, electronics companies, materials companies and semiconductor companies are the prime targets of such efforts.
Based on its study of foreign direct investment into the United States, CFIUS found no M&A transactions by investors from Cuba, Iran, Syria or Venezuela, which were countries identified in 2014 as not fully cooperating with U.S. antiterrorism efforts. This lack of investment activity is consistent with U.S. economic sanctions related to these countries.