I. General Overview -
As of 2015, Mexico has a population of 119,938,473 according to the Mexican National Institute of Statistics and Geography (Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía). Covers a land area of 1,964,375 square kilometers (1,220,606 square miles) and its official language is Spanish.
In matters of political division, Mexico is a Federal Republic formed by 32 states, including Mexico City. The government in Mexico is divided into three branches: (i) executive; (ii) legislative; and (iii) judicial. Each one of such branches has specific authorities granted by the Mexican Constitution. The President of Mexico leads the executive branch; the legislative branch is divided in federal and local legislative powers and their attributions are to promulgate, discuss and, in its case, issue laws and regulations; and the judicial branch is formed by federal and local courts who are in charge of enforcing the laws.
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