Financial Services Weekly News - August 2016 #4

by Goodwin


Editor's Note

Friend the Fed! As is the case every August, our federal government and regulators are hard at work, laser focused on the important issues of the day. In this regard, on August 18, the Federal Reserve Board launched a Facebook page “with the aim of increasing the accessibility and availability of Federal Reserve Board news and educational content.” According to the Fed, “posts will include press releases, speeches, testimony, reports, educational materials, frequently asked questions, photos, and videos,” all of which are currently available on other platforms. In fact, according to the Fed, it “now shares information on five platforms including Twitter, YouTube, Flickr, and LinkedIn.” The good news is that, in less than a week’s time, the Fed already has over 14,000 “likes” on its page. Judging from the content of the early posts, however, it is a good thing that Facebook does not track dislikes. So, when you next check your Facebook page, please “friend” the Fed. Apparently, it needs them.

Regulatory Developments

Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac Release New URLA Form

On August 23, Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac announced the release of the redesigned Uniform Residential Loan Application, the first substantial revision to the form in more than two decades. Changes include a reorganized layout, simplified technology and new data fields, including mobile phone number, email address and military service history. Lenders may begin using the form on January 1, 2018. Among the new fields are several elements required under recent Home Mortgage Disclosure Act rule changes. For lenders who continue to use the former URLA starting in 2018, the GSEs issued a separate demographic addendum to capture the expanded HMDA data.

FDIC Provides Insights on De Novo Bank Formations and Matters Requiring Board Attention

The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) published the Summer 2016 issue of its Supervisory Insights, which features two articles of interest to bankers and other industry participants. The first article provides an overview of trends in de novo bank formation; the process by which the FDIC reviews applications for deposit insurance; the supervisory process for de novo institutions; and steps the FDIC is taking to support de novo formations. The second article discusses how the FDIC’s Matters Requiring Board Attention (MRBA) page within the Risk Management Report of Examination is used to focus the attention of bank management and the directorate on issues that, if addressed early, will reduce the likelihood that those institutions will experience serious adverse effects. This article describes the MRBA categories cited most often at satisfactorily rated institutions in 2014 and 2015 and highlights trends that can provide an overview of risks that may be developing in the industry.

FDIC Updates Video Series Addressing Ability-to-Repay & Qualified Mortgages

The FDIC has updated its video series addressing the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau’s (CFPB) Ability-to-Repay & Qualified Mortgages rules. The series includes nine short video segments, each accompanied by presentation materials, which are designed to help community bank compliance officers understand and comply with the rules. The rules apply to “covered transactions,” which are generally consumer purpose, closed-end loans secured by a dwelling. The ability-to-repay analysis requires a creditor, before entering a covered transaction, to make a reasonable good faith determination that the borrower will have a reasonable ability to repay the loan according to its terms. The videos identify the types of transactions covered by the rules and significant exemptions. They also review the underwriting factors a creditor should use to assess a borrower’s ability to repay, as well as the requirements for qualified mortgages and how points and charges are applied to fee caps. Additionally, the videos touch upon balloon mortgages, ARM loans, and characteristics of effective compliance programs.

OCC Updates Bank Accounting Advisory Series

On August 18, the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC) released the August 2016 edition of its Bank Accounting Advisory Series (BAAS) that includes recent answers to frequently asked questions in areas such as contingencies, fair value accounting, and deferred taxes. The BAAS is intended to promote consistent application of accounting standards among national banks and federal savings associations. OCC-regulated institutions that deviate from these interpretations may be required to justify those departures to the OCC.

CFPB Calls on Student Loan Servicers to Strengthen Practices, Publishes "Fix it Form” for Servicers to Adopt

On August 18, the CFPB Student Loan Ombudsman released a report finding that servicing problems made it difficult for consumers to get lower student loan payments tied to their income. Specifically, student loan borrowers who sought to take advantage of income-driven repayment plans with their federal student loans reported the following concerns: (1) extended processing delays for their applications, (2) repayment rejection, (3) repeated obstacles when recertifying, and (4) expensive processing delays. In response, the CFPB published a “Fix It Form” designed to assist servicers and improve the level of service they provide by (1) creating more responsive, consistent servicing, (2) improving transparency around criteria, and (3) improving access.

Enforcement & Litigation

CFPB Issues Consent Order Regarding National Bank's Student Loan Servicing Practices

On August 22, the CFPB announced that it entered into a consent order with a large national bank in relation to the company’s private student loan servicing practices. The CFPB asserts that the bank’s practices allegedly increased costs and penalized certain borrowers, leading to illegal fees and inaccurate credit reporting. The CFPB order is based on alleged violations of the Consumer Financial Protection Act (CFPA), 12 U.S.C. §§ 5531, 5536, the Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA), 15 U.S.C. § 1681s-2(a)(2), and Section 1022.42 of Regulation V, 12 C.F.R. § 1022.42(a). According to the order, the bank’s servicing process caused thousands of student loan borrowers to have issues with their loans or receive inaccurate information regarding their payment options. Specifically, the order states that the CFPB’s investigation found that the company: (1) processed loan payments such that it maximized late fees; (2) provided borrowers with inaccurate billing statements regarding the value of partial payments; (3) charged certain borrowers late fees even when those persons made timely payments; and (4) failed to update and correct borrower information such that it led to inaccurate credit reporting. The consent order will require the company to pay at least $410,000 in consumer refunds of improper late fees, as well as an additional $3.6 million in civil penalties. The company will also be required to amend its policies and practices regarding the allocation of partial payments and consumer billing disclosures. The company must submit a compliance plan to the Regional Director of the CFPB within 90 days of the effective date of the order. For more information, see our Consumer Finance Enforcement Watch blog post.

Massachussetts DBO Enters Into Consent Order with Mortgage Lender Over Pre-Disbursement Interest Charges

On August 12, the Massachusetts Division of Banks made public its second quarter enforcement actions, including a consent order that it had entered into on April 21 with a California-based mortgage lender and broker concerning its alleged practice of charging borrowers per diem interest between the funding date of the loan and the date the funds were disbursed to the borrowers. The consent order noted that the mortgage lender has since conducted a review of all Massachusetts loans closed between October 1, 2012, through March 31, 2015, and has reimbursed all borrowers for the full amount of interest collected during that period. Under the terms of the consent order, the mortgage lender agreed to implement and maintain policies and procedures to ensure that, in a mortgage refinance transaction, loan proceeds are made available to the borrower on the business day following the expiration of the rescission period, and to expand independent audits to include fair lending, Home Mortgage Disclosure Act, and Equal Credit Opportunity Act reviews. For more information, see our Consumer Finance Enforcement Watch blog post.

Client Alert - Update: Another SEC Enforcement Action on Whistleblower Waivers and Releases

Earlier this month, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) announced its second significant enforcement action against an employer based on confidentiality and release provisions that the SEC asserts will discourage employees from participating in the SEC’s whistleblower program. The SEC has announced another significant enforcement action that confirms the position taken earlier this month in the BlueLinx enforcement action. The latest enforcement action, taken against Health Net, Inc., underscores the importance of reviewing the language in agreements with current and former employees. For more information, read the client alert from Goodwin’s Public Companies practice.


DISCLAIMER: Because of the generality of this update, the information provided herein may not be applicable in all situations and should not be acted upon without specific legal advice based on particular situations.

© Goodwin | Attorney Advertising

Written by:


Goodwin on:

Readers' Choice 2017
Reporters on Deadline

"My best business intelligence, in one easy email…"

Your first step to building a free, personalized, morning email brief covering pertinent authors and topics on JD Supra:
Sign up using*

Already signed up? Log in here

*By using the service, you signify your acceptance of JD Supra's Privacy Policy.
Custom Email Digest
Privacy Policy (Updated: October 8, 2015):

JD Supra provides users with access to its legal industry publishing services (the "Service") through its website (the "Website") as well as through other sources. Our policies with regard to data collection and use of personal information of users of the Service, regardless of the manner in which users access the Service, and visitors to the Website are set forth in this statement ("Policy"). By using the Service, you signify your acceptance of this Policy.

Information Collection and Use by JD Supra

JD Supra collects users' names, companies, titles, e-mail address and industry. JD Supra also tracks the pages that users visit, logs IP addresses and aggregates non-personally identifiable user data and browser type. This data is gathered using cookies and other technologies.

The information and data collected is used to authenticate users and to send notifications relating to the Service, including email alerts to which users have subscribed; to manage the Service and Website, to improve the Service and to customize the user's experience. This information is also provided to the authors of the content to give them insight into their readership and help them to improve their content, so that it is most useful for our users.

JD Supra does not sell, rent or otherwise provide your details to third parties, other than to the authors of the content on JD Supra.

If you prefer not to enable cookies, you may change your browser settings to disable cookies; however, please note that rejecting cookies while visiting the Website may result in certain parts of the Website not operating correctly or as efficiently as if cookies were allowed.

Email Choice/Opt-out

Users who opt in to receive emails may choose to no longer receive e-mail updates and newsletters by selecting the "opt-out of future email" option in the email they receive from JD Supra or in their JD Supra account management screen.


JD Supra takes reasonable precautions to insure that user information is kept private. We restrict access to user information to those individuals who reasonably need access to perform their job functions, such as our third party email service, customer service personnel and technical staff. However, please note that no method of transmitting or storing data is completely secure and we cannot guarantee the security of user information. Unauthorized entry or use, hardware or software failure, and other factors may compromise the security of user information at any time.

If you have reason to believe that your interaction with us is no longer secure, you must immediately notify us of the problem by contacting us at In the unlikely event that we believe that the security of your user information in our possession or control may have been compromised, we may seek to notify you of that development and, if so, will endeavor to do so as promptly as practicable under the circumstances.

Sharing and Disclosure of Information JD Supra Collects

Except as otherwise described in this privacy statement, JD Supra will not disclose personal information to any third party unless we believe that disclosure is necessary to: (1) comply with applicable laws; (2) respond to governmental inquiries or requests; (3) comply with valid legal process; (4) protect the rights, privacy, safety or property of JD Supra, users of the Service, Website visitors or the public; (5) permit us to pursue available remedies or limit the damages that we may sustain; and (6) enforce our Terms & Conditions of Use.

In the event there is a change in the corporate structure of JD Supra such as, but not limited to, merger, consolidation, sale, liquidation or transfer of substantial assets, JD Supra may, in its sole discretion, transfer, sell or assign information collected on and through the Service to one or more affiliated or unaffiliated third parties.

Links to Other Websites

This Website and the Service may contain links to other websites. The operator of such other websites may collect information about you, including through cookies or other technologies. If you are using the Service through the Website and link to another site, you will leave the Website and this Policy will not apply to your use of and activity on those other sites. We encourage you to read the legal notices posted on those sites, including their privacy policies. We shall have no responsibility or liability for your visitation to, and the data collection and use practices of, such other sites. This Policy applies solely to the information collected in connection with your use of this Website and does not apply to any practices conducted offline or in connection with any other websites.

Changes in Our Privacy Policy

We reserve the right to change this Policy at any time. Please refer to the date at the top of this page to determine when this Policy was last revised. Any changes to our privacy policy will become effective upon posting of the revised policy on the Website. By continuing to use the Service or Website following such changes, you will be deemed to have agreed to such changes. If you do not agree with the terms of this Policy, as it may be amended from time to time, in whole or part, please do not continue using the Service or the Website.

Contacting JD Supra

If you have any questions about this privacy statement, the practices of this site, your dealings with this Web site, or if you would like to change any of the information you have provided to us, please contact us at:

- hide
*With LinkedIn, you don't need to create a separate login to manage your free JD Supra account, and we can make suggestions based on your needs and interests. We will not post anything on LinkedIn in your name. Or, sign up using your email address.