Implementing California’s Sustainable Groundwater Management Act

by K&L Gates LLP

K&L Gates LLP

The California legislature passed the Sustainable Groundwater Management Act (“SGMA”) nearly four years ago and its impacts are finally beginning to take shape. [1] Until the SGMA, there was no statewide governance scheme regulating groundwater pumping. While in normal years pumped groundwater comprises approximately 38% of California’s total water supply, in drought years groundwater contributes up to 46% (or more) of the state’s annual water supply. [2] Much of this groundwater supports large commercial enterprises. Agriculture — including ranching, farming, vineyards, and fruit washing — accounts for about 75% of the state’s groundwater use. Microchip processors and data centers also rely on a significant amount of groundwater for production and cooling, respectively.

Over the next two to four years, local groundwater agencies will be developing groundwater sustainability plans for 127 basins that supply water to millions of people and businesses. Each plan will establish a “water budget” and “sustainability goal” that may limit future groundwater use. If you rely on groundwater for your home, farm, or business, it is critical to understand if you are located in a basin that is developing a plan and to participate in the process of developing that plan. To help facilitate participation, this alert distills the SGMA’s key provisions and describes current steps toward implementation.

Because California historically neglected comprehensive groundwater management, the need for reform became clear when the state’s historic drought began in 2012. Before the SGMA, California was the only western state that did not regulate groundwater under a state-wide program. [3] California’s groundwater “management” (or the lack thereof) was akin to the Wild West, with farmers and landowners who lacked surface water or shallow groundwater spending millions of dollars to drill deeper to access new groundwater resources. In some locations, over-drilling and over-pumping led to land subsidence, saltwater intrusion, and concerns about the long-term viability of the state’s groundwater supply. For example, groundwater pumping has resulted in swaths of the San Joaquin Valley sinking, which the U.S. Geological Survey has called “one of the single largest alterations of the [planet’s] land surface attributed to humankind.” [4] The valley accounts for half of California’s food production; reducing groundwater use here as well as in other agriculturally intensive areas of the state will likely have significant financial consequences. Stakeholders with similar interests and concerns across the arid West will be watching closely as implementation of the SGMA unfolds.

Groundwater Basin Prioritization
Basin Management. In September 2014, Governor Jerry Brown signed the SGMA into law, and it went into effect on January 1, 2015. [5] The SGMA directs the Department of Water Resources (“DWR”) to prioritize California’s 515 groundwater basins as high-, medium-, low-, or very-low-priority basins. [6] In 2014, DWR identified 127 medium- and high-priority groundwater basins that account for approximately 96% of groundwater use in California. Eighty-eight percent of the state’s population uses the groundwater coming from those basins. [7] 

High- and medium-priority groundwater basins were required to form groundwater sustainability agencies (“GSAs”) by June 30, 2017. [8] GSAs “have the authority and responsibility to sustainably manage their respective groundwater basins.” [10] Low- and very-low-priority basins are not required to form GSAs, although they are encouraged and authorized to do so.

To accommodate the regional and hydrological differences among groundwater basins, the SGMA allows various types of local authorities (or a combination of authorities) to control and manage GSAs. In some areas the GSA is the local water district, while in others the GSA is managed by the county or in partnership with a water district.

GSA Formation. GSAs are formed when they submit a package of information to DWR. A complete GSA formation notice must include: (1) information showing the GSA notice was submitted within 30 days of the formation decision; (2) the GSA’s service area boundaries, the boundaries of the basin or portion of the basin the GSA intends to manage, and identifying any other agencies managing or proposing to manage groundwater within the basin; (3) a copy of the resolution or agreement forming the GSA; (4) a copy of any new bylaws, ordinances, or new authorities adopted by the local agency; and (5) a list of interested parties pursuant to California Water Code Section 10723.2 with an explanation of how the GSA will consider their interests while developing and implementing the sustainability plan. [11] 

Currently, 266 local agencies have formed GSAs in 141 basins. The size and scope of the GSAs range greatly, with some local agencies covering only a small portion of one basin to other local agencies covering all of the alluvial basins in an entire county. At a December 2017 meeting of the California Water Commission, a senior engineering geologist noted that local agencies overwhelmingly complied with the GSA formation requirement, resulting in 99.9% of the basins subject to the SGMA being covered by a GSA. [12] A full list of all posted GSA notices is available here. 

Groundwater Sustainability Plans
Once GSAs form, the next step is to develop groundwater sustainability plans (“GSPs”). GSPs detail how the GSAs plan to meet their groundwater sustainability goals. Critically over-drafted medium- or high-priority basins have until 2020 to develop GSPs, [13] while all other medium- and high-priority basins have until 2022. [14] GSAs must achieve groundwater sustainability 20 years after their GSPs are adopted. [15] 

There are several steps to developing and adopting a GSP that complies with the SGMA. First, a GSA must notify DWR of its intent to develop a GSP and include information about the drafting process and how interested parties may participate. [16]

Second, and most significantly, while the SGMA requires each GSP to include specific elements (e.g., a description of the physical groundwater basin, measurable objectives to achieve sustainability within 20 years, a planning and implementation horizon), [17] it grants the GSAs broad discretion to develop a GSP that works best for the region. For instance, the SGMA allows each GSA to establish its own water budget, [18] “sustainability goal,” [19] and monitoring network. [20] No two GSPs will be alike. The SGMA grants GSAs the authority to develop a GSP that meets the unique characteristics and needs of each groundwater basin.

Third, a GSA may adopt a GSP only after a public hearing is held with at least 90 days’ advance notice to the city or county within the area of the proposed plan or amendment. [21]

Fourth, the GSA must submit its adopted GSP to DWR for review and approval. [22] The DWR will post the GSP to its website for public comment, and determine whether the GSP is approved, incomplete, or inadequate. [23]

Lastly, after DWR adopts the GSP, GSAs must submit annual reports to DWR by April 1 for evaluation by the Department. [24] GSAs must also evaluate their GSPs at least every five years, or whenever the GSP is amended, and provide a written assessment to the Department describing whether the GSP is meeting the basin’s sustainability goals. [25]

So far, GSAs have filed 56 GSP initial notifications, and one has been withdrawn. No GSPs have been filed yet because there is not a mechanism to submit them. [26] DWR has indicated that a submittal tool is forthcoming. [27]

Alternatives to GSPs
The SGMA established a process for local agencies to develop an alternative (“Alternatives”) in place of a GSP. [28] Local agencies that had already developed groundwater management plans (either on their own or due to a groundwater adjudication) or that could demonstrate that their basins had operated within their sustainable yields, over a period of at least 10 years, could submit those plans or analyses as alternatives to GSPs. Agencies were required to submit alternatives to the DWR by January 1, 2017, and are required to re-file every five years thereafter. Twenty local agencies submitted Alternatives; the complete list is available here.

Adjudicated Basins are Mostly Exempt
Twenty-six basins — mostly in southern California — have adjudicated areas where a court has determined the groundwater rights of all overliers and appropriators. [29] These previously adjudicated basins are not subject to the SGMA except for specific reporting requirements. [30] A map showing current adjudicated areas is available here. The SGMA required adjudicated basin Watermasters or local agencies to submit Adjudicated Area Annual Reports by April 1, 2016, and annually thereafter. Twenty reports have been submitted and are publically available. [31]

SGMA’s implementation phase is only just beginning. Many GSAs have formed, but the first deadline for GSPs is over eighteen months away. GSAs still have hurdles to cross before GSPs can be developed, such as filing initial notices and getting participation from interested parties. As a result, there is still uncertainty about how the SGMA will play out on (or rather, in) the ground, and how much protection it will ultimately offer California’s groundwater resources.

The SGMA establishes stakeholder engagement and collaboration as key to achieving the law’s objectives. While the SGMA sets clear requirements for public notice and participation through public hearings, it also includes more nebulous requirements for local agencies to “consider the interests of all beneficial uses and users of groundwater.” [32] Because local agencies are still in the beginning stages of formulating GSPs and so much about the practical implications on groundwater users is uncertain, groundwater users should seek to be as involved in the development processes as possible to make sure their needs are addressed going forward. We will continue to monitor and report on the evolution of the SGMA and are available to assist California groundwater users as they navigate the challenges of this new process.

[1] See Cal. Water Code §§ 10720-10737.8.
[2] Cal. Dep’t of Water Res., Groundwater, (last visited May 6, 2018, 10:45 AM).
[3] While appropriations of groundwater use have been resolved through regional basin adjudications, these adjudications are a lengthy and expensive process that must be overseen by a Watermaster and modified through the courts. Only twenty-six of California’s 515 groundwater basins have gone through adjudication, mostly in Southern California. See Cal. Water Code § 10720.8(a).
[4] Jeremy P. Jacobs, Dry wells, sinking land and fears of a global food crisis, E&E NEWS (June 25, 2018),
[5] The SGMA is a package of three laws: Assem. B. 1739, 2013-2014 Leg. (Cal. 2014); S.B. 1168, 2013-2014 Leg. (Cal. 2014); and S.B. 1319, 2013-2014 Leg. (Cal. 2014); see S.B. 1168, 2013-2014 Leg. (Cal. 2014) (“This bill, with certain exceptions, would prohibit, beginning January 1, 2015, a new groundwater management plan from being adopted or an existing groundwater management plan from being renewed.”).
[6] Cal. Water Code § 10722.4(a).
[7] Basin Prioritization, CAL. DEP’T OF WATER RES. (May 6, 2018, 1:15 PM)
[8] Cal. Water Code §§ 10723; 10735.2.
[9] Groundwater Sustainability Agencies, CALIFORNIA DEPARTMENT OF WATER RESOURCES, (last visited May 17, 2018 9:05 AM)
[10] Cal. Water Code. §§ 10720.7; 10723; 10750.
[11] Groundwater Sustainability Agencies, CALIFORNIA DEPARTMENT OF WATER RESOURCES, (last visited March 6, 2018 2:19 PM).
[12] CA Water Commission: Update on Sustainable Groundwater Management Implementation, MAVEN’S NOTEBOOK (Jan. 4, 2018),
[13] Cal. Water Code § 10720.7(a)(1).
[14] Cal. Water Code § 10720.7(a)(2)
[15] Cal. Water Code § 10727.2(b)(1).
[16] 23 Cal. Code of Regs. § 353.6(a); Cal. Water Code § 10727.8.
[17] See Cal. Water Code § 10727.2.
[18] 23 Cal. Code of Regs. § 354.18.
[19] 23 Cal. Code of Regs. § 354.24.
[20] 23 Cal. Code of Regs. § 354.34.
[21] Cal. Water Code § 10728.4.
[22] 23 Cal. Code of Regs. § 355.2.
[23] Id.
[24] Cal. Water Code § 10728; 23 Cal. Code of Regs. §§ 355.8; 356.2.
[25] 23 Cal. Code of Regs. § 356.4
[26] Cal. Water Code § 107.33.4 and GSP Reg. § 353.2.
[27] Groundwater Sustainability Plans, CALIFORNIA DEPARTMENT OF WATER RESOURCES, (last visited March 6, 2018 2:20 PM).
[28] Cal. Water Code § 10733.6.
[29] See Cal. Water Code § 10720.8(a), listing the 26 basins that have been adjudicated.
[30] Cal. Water Code § 10720.8. When water users within a basin have a dispute over legal rights to the water, courts can issue an adjudication that can cover an entire basin, a portion of a basin, or a group of non-basins and all non-basin locations between.
[31] An interactive map showing, among other things, submitted GSA notices, submitted GSP initial notifications, and adjudicated areas is available here. In addition, the DWR has compiled best management practices and guidance documents to assist GSAs with developing GSPs, available here.
[32] Cal. Water Code § 10723.2; see also Guidance Document for Groundwater Sustainability Plan: Stakeholder Communication and Engagement, CALIFORNIA DEPARTMENT OF WATER RESOURCES (January 2018),

DISCLAIMER: Because of the generality of this update, the information provided herein may not be applicable in all situations and should not be acted upon without specific legal advice based on particular situations.

© K&L Gates LLP | Attorney Advertising

Written by:

K&L Gates LLP

K&L Gates LLP on:

Readers' Choice 2017
Reporters on Deadline

"My best business intelligence, in one easy email…"

Your first step to building a free, personalized, morning email brief covering pertinent authors and topics on JD Supra:
*By using the service, you signify your acceptance of JD Supra's Privacy Policy.
Custom Email Digest
- hide

JD Supra Privacy Policy

Updated: May 25, 2018:

JD Supra is a legal publishing service that connects experts and their content with broader audiences of professionals, journalists and associations.

This Privacy Policy describes how JD Supra, LLC ("JD Supra" or "we," "us," or "our") collects, uses and shares personal data collected from visitors to our website (located at (our "Website") who view only publicly-available content as well as subscribers to our services (such as our email digests or author tools)(our "Services"). By using our Website and registering for one of our Services, you are agreeing to the terms of this Privacy Policy.

Please note that if you subscribe to one of our Services, you can make choices about how we collect, use and share your information through our Privacy Center under the "My Account" dashboard (available if you are logged into your JD Supra account).

Collection of Information

Registration Information. When you register with JD Supra for our Website and Services, either as an author or as a subscriber, you will be asked to provide identifying information to create your JD Supra account ("Registration Data"), such as your:

  • Email
  • First Name
  • Last Name
  • Company Name
  • Company Industry
  • Title
  • Country

Other Information: We also collect other information you may voluntarily provide. This may include content you provide for publication. We may also receive your communications with others through our Website and Services (such as contacting an author through our Website) or communications directly with us (such as through email, feedback or other forms or social media). If you are a subscribed user, we will also collect your user preferences, such as the types of articles you would like to read.

Information from third parties (such as, from your employer or LinkedIn): We may also receive information about you from third party sources. For example, your employer may provide your information to us, such as in connection with an article submitted by your employer for publication. If you choose to use LinkedIn to subscribe to our Website and Services, we also collect information related to your LinkedIn account and profile.

Your interactions with our Website and Services: As is true of most websites, we gather certain information automatically. This information includes IP addresses, browser type, Internet service provider (ISP), referring/exit pages, operating system, date/time stamp and clickstream data. We use this information to analyze trends, to administer the Website and our Services, to improve the content and performance of our Website and Services, and to track users' movements around the site. We may also link this automatically-collected data to personal information, for example, to inform authors about who has read their articles. Some of this data is collected through information sent by your web browser. We also use cookies and other tracking technologies to collect this information. To learn more about cookies and other tracking technologies that JD Supra may use on our Website and Services please see our "Cookies Guide" page.

How do we use this information?

We use the information and data we collect principally in order to provide our Website and Services. More specifically, we may use your personal information to:

  • Operate our Website and Services and publish content;
  • Distribute content to you in accordance with your preferences as well as to provide other notifications to you (for example, updates about our policies and terms);
  • Measure readership and usage of the Website and Services;
  • Communicate with you regarding your questions and requests;
  • Authenticate users and to provide for the safety and security of our Website and Services;
  • Conduct research and similar activities to improve our Website and Services; and
  • Comply with our legal and regulatory responsibilities and to enforce our rights.

How is your information shared?

  • Content and other public information (such as an author profile) is shared on our Website and Services, including via email digests and social media feeds, and is accessible to the general public.
  • If you choose to use our Website and Services to communicate directly with a company or individual, such communication may be shared accordingly.
  • Readership information is provided to publishing law firms and authors of content to give them insight into their readership and to help them to improve their content.
  • Our Website may offer you the opportunity to share information through our Website, such as through Facebook's "Like" or Twitter's "Tweet" button. We offer this functionality to help generate interest in our Website and content and to permit you to recommend content to your contacts. You should be aware that sharing through such functionality may result in information being collected by the applicable social media network and possibly being made publicly available (for example, through a search engine). Any such information collection would be subject to such third party social media network's privacy policy.
  • Your information may also be shared to parties who support our business, such as professional advisors as well as web-hosting providers, analytics providers and other information technology providers.
  • Any court, governmental authority, law enforcement agency or other third party where we believe disclosure is necessary to comply with a legal or regulatory obligation, or otherwise to protect our rights, the rights of any third party or individuals' personal safety, or to detect, prevent, or otherwise address fraud, security or safety issues.
  • To our affiliated entities and in connection with the sale, assignment or other transfer of our company or our business.

How We Protect Your Information

JD Supra takes reasonable and appropriate precautions to insure that user information is protected from loss, misuse and unauthorized access, disclosure, alteration and destruction. We restrict access to user information to those individuals who reasonably need access to perform their job functions, such as our third party email service, customer service personnel and technical staff. You should keep in mind that no Internet transmission is ever 100% secure or error-free. Where you use log-in credentials (usernames, passwords) on our Website, please remember that it is your responsibility to safeguard them. If you believe that your log-in credentials have been compromised, please contact us at

Children's Information

Our Website and Services are not directed at children under the age of 16 and we do not knowingly collect personal information from children under the age of 16 through our Website and/or Services. If you have reason to believe that a child under the age of 16 has provided personal information to us, please contact us, and we will endeavor to delete that information from our databases.

Links to Other Websites

Our Website and Services may contain links to other websites. The operators of such other websites may collect information about you, including through cookies or other technologies. If you are using our Website or Services and click a link to another site, you will leave our Website and this Policy will not apply to your use of and activity on those other sites. We encourage you to read the legal notices posted on those sites, including their privacy policies. We are not responsible for the data collection and use practices of such other sites. This Policy applies solely to the information collected in connection with your use of our Website and Services and does not apply to any practices conducted offline or in connection with any other websites.

Information for EU and Swiss Residents

JD Supra's principal place of business is in the United States. By subscribing to our website, you expressly consent to your information being processed in the United States.

  • Our Legal Basis for Processing: Generally, we rely on our legitimate interests in order to process your personal information. For example, we rely on this legal ground if we use your personal information to manage your Registration Data and administer our relationship with you; to deliver our Website and Services; understand and improve our Website and Services; report reader analytics to our authors; to personalize your experience on our Website and Services; and where necessary to protect or defend our or another's rights or property, or to detect, prevent, or otherwise address fraud, security, safety or privacy issues. Please see Article 6(1)(f) of the E.U. General Data Protection Regulation ("GDPR") In addition, there may be other situations where other grounds for processing may exist, such as where processing is a result of legal requirements (GDPR Article 6(1)(c)) or for reasons of public interest (GDPR Article 6(1)(e)). Please see the "Your Rights" section of this Privacy Policy immediately below for more information about how you may request that we limit or refrain from processing your personal information.
  • Your Rights
    • Right of Access/Portability: You can ask to review details about the information we hold about you and how that information has been used and disclosed. Note that we may request to verify your identification before fulfilling your request. You can also request that your personal information is provided to you in a commonly used electronic format so that you can share it with other organizations.
    • Right to Correct Information: You may ask that we make corrections to any information we hold, if you believe such correction to be necessary.
    • Right to Restrict Our Processing or Erasure of Information: You also have the right in certain circumstances to ask us to restrict processing of your personal information or to erase your personal information. Where you have consented to our use of your personal information, you can withdraw your consent at any time.

You can make a request to exercise any of these rights by emailing us at or by writing to us at:

Privacy Officer
JD Supra, LLC
10 Liberty Ship Way, Suite 300
Sausalito, California 94965

You can also manage your profile and subscriptions through our Privacy Center under the "My Account" dashboard.

We will make all practical efforts to respect your wishes. There may be times, however, where we are not able to fulfill your request, for example, if applicable law prohibits our compliance. Please note that JD Supra does not use "automatic decision making" or "profiling" as those terms are defined in the GDPR.

  • Timeframe for retaining your personal information: We will retain your personal information in a form that identifies you only for as long as it serves the purpose(s) for which it was initially collected as stated in this Privacy Policy, or subsequently authorized. We may continue processing your personal information for longer periods, but only for the time and to the extent such processing reasonably serves the purposes of archiving in the public interest, journalism, literature and art, scientific or historical research and statistical analysis, and subject to the protection of this Privacy Policy. For example, if you are an author, your personal information may continue to be published in connection with your article indefinitely. When we have no ongoing legitimate business need to process your personal information, we will either delete or anonymize it, or, if this is not possible (for example, because your personal information has been stored in backup archives), then we will securely store your personal information and isolate it from any further processing until deletion is possible.
  • Onward Transfer to Third Parties: As noted in the "How We Share Your Data" Section above, JD Supra may share your information with third parties. When JD Supra discloses your personal information to third parties, we have ensured that such third parties have either certified under the EU-U.S. or Swiss Privacy Shield Framework and will process all personal data received from EU member states/Switzerland in reliance on the applicable Privacy Shield Framework or that they have been subjected to strict contractual provisions in their contract with us to guarantee an adequate level of data protection for your data.

California Privacy Rights

Pursuant to Section 1798.83 of the California Civil Code, our customers who are California residents have the right to request certain information regarding our disclosure of personal information to third parties for their direct marketing purposes.

You can make a request for this information by emailing us at or by writing to us at:

Privacy Officer
JD Supra, LLC
10 Liberty Ship Way, Suite 300
Sausalito, California 94965

Some browsers have incorporated a Do Not Track (DNT) feature. These features, when turned on, send a signal that you prefer that the website you are visiting not collect and use data regarding your online searching and browsing activities. As there is not yet a common understanding on how to interpret the DNT signal, we currently do not respond to DNT signals on our site.

Access/Correct/Update/Delete Personal Information

For non-EU/Swiss residents, if you would like to know what personal information we have about you, you can send an e-mail to We will be in contact with you (by mail or otherwise) to verify your identity and provide you the information you request. We will respond within 30 days to your request for access to your personal information. In some cases, we may not be able to remove your personal information, in which case we will let you know if we are unable to do so and why. If you would like to correct or update your personal information, you can manage your profile and subscriptions through our Privacy Center under the "My Account" dashboard. If you would like to delete your account or remove your information from our Website and Services, send an e-mail to

Changes in Our Privacy Policy

We reserve the right to change this Privacy Policy at any time. Please refer to the date at the top of this page to determine when this Policy was last revised. Any changes to our Privacy Policy will become effective upon posting of the revised policy on the Website. By continuing to use our Website and Services following such changes, you will be deemed to have agreed to such changes.

Contacting JD Supra

If you have any questions about this Privacy Policy, the practices of this site, your dealings with our Website or Services, or if you would like to change any of the information you have provided to us, please contact us at:

JD Supra Cookie Guide

As with many websites, JD Supra's website (located at (our "Website") and our services (such as our email article digests)(our "Services") use a standard technology called a "cookie" and other similar technologies (such as, pixels and web beacons), which are small data files that are transferred to your computer when you use our Website and Services. These technologies automatically identify your browser whenever you interact with our Website and Services.

How We Use Cookies and Other Tracking Technologies

We use cookies and other tracking technologies to:

  1. Improve the user experience on our Website and Services;
  2. Store the authorization token that users receive when they login to the private areas of our Website. This token is specific to a user's login session and requires a valid username and password to obtain. It is required to access the user's profile information, subscriptions, and analytics;
  3. Track anonymous site usage; and
  4. Permit connectivity with social media networks to permit content sharing.

There are different types of cookies and other technologies used our Website, notably:

  • "Session cookies" - These cookies only last as long as your online session, and disappear from your computer or device when you close your browser (like Internet Explorer, Google Chrome or Safari).
  • "Persistent cookies" - These cookies stay on your computer or device after your browser has been closed and last for a time specified in the cookie. We use persistent cookies when we need to know who you are for more than one browsing session. For example, we use them to remember your preferences for the next time you visit.
  • "Web Beacons/Pixels" - Some of our web pages and emails may also contain small electronic images known as web beacons, clear GIFs or single-pixel GIFs. These images are placed on a web page or email and typically work in conjunction with cookies to collect data. We use these images to identify our users and user behavior, such as counting the number of users who have visited a web page or acted upon one of our email digests.

JD Supra Cookies. We place our own cookies on your computer to track certain information about you while you are using our Website and Services. For example, we place a session cookie on your computer each time you visit our Website. We use these cookies to allow you to log-in to your subscriber account. In addition, through these cookies we are able to collect information about how you use the Website, including what browser you may be using, your IP address, and the URL address you came from upon visiting our Website and the URL you next visit (even if those URLs are not on our Website). We also utilize email web beacons to monitor whether our emails are being delivered and read. We also use these tools to help deliver reader analytics to our authors to give them insight into their readership and help them to improve their content, so that it is most useful for our users.

Analytics/Performance Cookies. JD Supra also uses the following analytic tools to help us analyze the performance of our Website and Services as well as how visitors use our Website and Services:

  • HubSpot - For more information about HubSpot cookies, please visit
  • New Relic - For more information on New Relic cookies, please visit
  • Google Analytics - For more information on Google Analytics cookies, visit To opt-out of being tracked by Google Analytics across all websites visit This will allow you to download and install a Google Analytics cookie-free web browser.

Facebook, Twitter and other Social Network Cookies. Our content pages allow you to share content appearing on our Website and Services to your social media accounts through the "Like," "Tweet," or similar buttons displayed on such pages. To accomplish this Service, we embed code that such third party social networks provide and that we do not control. These buttons know that you are logged in to your social network account and therefore such social networks could also know that you are viewing the JD Supra Website.

Controlling and Deleting Cookies

If you would like to change how a browser uses cookies, including blocking or deleting cookies from the JD Supra Website and Services you can do so by changing the settings in your web browser. To control cookies, most browsers allow you to either accept or reject all cookies, only accept certain types of cookies, or prompt you every time a site wishes to save a cookie. It's also easy to delete cookies that are already saved on your device by a browser.

The processes for controlling and deleting cookies vary depending on which browser you use. To find out how to do so with a particular browser, you can use your browser's "Help" function or alternatively, you can visit which explains, step-by-step, how to control and delete cookies in most browsers.

Updates to This Policy

We may update this cookie policy and our Privacy Policy from time-to-time, particularly as technology changes. You can always check this page for the latest version. We may also notify you of changes to our privacy policy by email.

Contacting JD Supra

If you have any questions about how we use cookies and other tracking technologies, please contact us at:

- hide

This website uses cookies to improve user experience, track anonymous site usage, store authorization tokens and permit sharing on social media networks. By continuing to browse this website you accept the use of cookies. Click here to read more about how we use cookies.