Independent Executor Had Authority To Sell Estate Real Property Despite Nothing In Will Giving Him That Authority

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In Graff v. 2920 Park Grove Venture, Ltd., an executor was sued after selling estate real estate because the executor allegedly sold the property for less than fair market value. No. 05-16-01411-CV, 2018 Tex. App. LEXIS 4266 (Tex. App—Dallas June 13, 2018, no pet. history). Among other claims and arguments, the plaintiff alleged that the executor had no authority to sell the property because the will was silent regarding the authority to sell real property. The court of appeals held that the executor had that authority:

It is undisputed that the will did not expressly state the executor had the authority to sell the estate’s real property. However, under Texas law, independent executors like Hayden have authority to do any act which an ordinary executor may do under an order of the probate court without the need for an order. Where the will contains no restrictive terms upon his authority, an independent executor may incur reasonable expenses in the management of the estate, adjust and pay debts against the estate and for that purpose may sell property of the estate, although the will does not expressly grant that power.

The existence of debts against the estate is sufficient to authorize the independent executor to sell real property. Stanley does not dispute that the estate had certain outstanding debts at the time of the sale. In fact, the summary judgment record reveals at the time Hayden decided to sell the apartment complex, the estate had limited cash and several outstanding debts, including federal estate taxes of over $3 million, a mortgage on the apartment complex, executor’s fees of about $800,000, as well as outstanding attorney’s fees incurred in the administration of the estate. Accordingly, Hayden had authority to sell real property to satisfy the outstanding debts of the estate.

As for his contention with respect to probate court authorization, Stanley argues that because the record does not conclusively establish that Hayden needed to sell the property in order to satisfy the estate’s outstanding debts, Park Grove has not shown the probate court would have authorized the sale. According to Stanley, because he put forth evidence of an alternative way to satisfy the outstanding debt without the sale, Park Grove was not entitled to summary judgment on this rescission claim for lack of authority. However, Stanley cites no cases to support his position. To the contrary, the cases upon which he relies suggest that all that is required to authorize a sale is to show the existence of such facts as would authorize the probate court to order a sale, such as outstanding estate debts.

Id. The court of appeals affirmed a summary judgment for the executor on this claim.

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