On 26 February 2019 the Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS) announced the expansion of its Green Bond Grant Scheme to include social and sustainability bonds, and renamed the framework the Sustainability Bond Grant Scheme.
In response to feedback from market participants on the Green Bond Grant Scheme introduced in March 2017 (the Original Scheme) and in furtherance of Singapore’s drive to be the epicentre of Asia’s green, social and sustainability bond markets, the MAS has expanded the scope of the Original Scheme to include social and sustainability bonds that meet prescribed qualifying requirements (the New Scheme), and relaxed the eligibility criteria concerning minimum tenor and issue size.
As reported in our 2018 Spring edition of Debt Capital Markets Global Insights, the purpose of the Original Scheme was to assist certain categories of issuers (qualifying issuers) with the costs incurred in obtaining an external review - or rating of qualifying bonds based on internationally recognised standards and frameworks (eligible expenses). The New Scheme covers the same types of eligible expenses in respect of qualifying social and sustainability bonds.
The categories of qualifying issuers under the New Scheme remain the same: All companies and financial institutions, whether onshore or offshore, qualify for the grant. Sovereign issuers are excluded.
To qualify for the grant under the New Scheme, the qualifying issuer's green, social or sustainability bonds must be:
listed on the Singapore Exchange (SGX);
a "Qualifying Debt Security" for Singapore tax purposes;
substantially arranged by a Financial Sector Incentive (FSI) company or companies in Singapore where more than half of the gross revenue from arranging the issue is attributable to the FSI company/companies; and
verified by an external reviewer as holding such green, social or sustainable status based on internationally-recognised standards and frameworks such as:
ICMA / ASEAN Geen Bond Principles
ICMA / ASEAN Social Bond Principles
ICMA / ASEAN Sustainability Bond Guidelines and Standards
Climate Bonds Standards
Enhanced eligibility criteria: Minimum tenor and principal amount
Eligibility criteria concerning minimum tenor and minimum principal amount remain applicable under the New Scheme, but have been significantly relaxed to enable qualifying issuers, including green bond issuers, to gain access to the grant more easily.
i. Tenor: The requirement for the bonds to have a minimum non-redeemable tenor of three years has been reduced to just a year under the New Scheme.
ii. Principal Amount: The requirement for the bonds to have a minimum principal amount of S$200 million has been retained, but the New Scheme also permits an issue size starting from S$20 million to qualify for the grant provided it is a drawdown under a debt issuance programme of at least S$200 million.
These enhanced eligibility criteria on minimum tenor and principal amount should allow issuers with green, social or sustainability projects that have variable funding needs spread over a period of time to qualify for the grant. Under the Original Scheme, each issuance was required to have minimum non-redeemable tenor of at least three years and a minimum principal amount of S$200 million, which effectively excluded issuers seeking to pursue projects that are designed to be rolled out in smaller phases. Now, large sophisticated issuers as well as smaller sized issuers that do not have the financial strength or a project of sufficient scale to issue a S$200 million bond in the first instance can access the grant by establishing a debt issuance programme which should provide the additional benefit of flexibility, enabling the qualifying issuer to access the capital markets as its funding needs dictate and/or to take advantage of attractive pricing windows.
Maximum amount of grant under the New Scheme
The grant under the New Scheme is subject to the same cap of the lower of 100 per cent of actual eligible expenses and S$100,000.
Where the qualifying issuer has a debt issuance programme size of at least S$200million and an initial issuance of at least S$20million in principal amount, subsequent eligible expenses attributable to issuance(s) under the same debt issuance programme will also be eligible provided:
i. the subsequent issuance(s) takes place within the validity period of the New Scheme; and
ii. the total amount claimed by the qualifying issuer, including for the initial principal amount issued, does not exceed the cap.
Qualifying issuers should note that it remains a requirement under the New Scheme that more than half of the eligible expenses be attributable to Singapore-based external review service providers. Diligent enquiries about staffing and work allocation matters should, therefore, be made with service providers at the outside and throughout the life of the transaction, if necessary, to ensure that the Singapore nexus can clearly be demonstrated to the MAS.
Validity period of the New Scheme
The New Scheme is valid from 1 January 2019 to 31 May 2023.
Similar to the Original Scheme for green bonds, an application for a grant under the New Scheme may only be made after the qualifying bonds have been issued. Qualifying issuers should note the following pre and post-issuance requirements, and seek advice from their external advisers prior to any proposed green, social or sustainability bond issuance to ensure that the proposed issuance will satisfy the eligibility criteria under the New Scheme.
i. Pre-issuance: A qualifying issuer must appoint a lead arranging bank to carry out appropriate due diligence to verify that the proposed issuance will meet the criteria set out under the New Scheme. The appointed lead arranging bank must be a FSI company in Singapore.
ii. Post-issuance: No later than three months after the issuance date, the appointed lead arranging bank is required to submit a completed application form to the MAS on behalf of the qualifying issuer, together with the requisite invoices for the reimbursement of eligible expenses.
The relaxation of the eligibility criteria under the New Scheme demonstrates the MAS' understanding of issuers' funding needs and constraints in the green, social and sustainability bond market, and is expected to encourage more issuances over the next few years. Potential issuers who consider transaction costs associated with external reviews as limiting the attractiveness of such issuances should assess their eligibility for the grant under the New Scheme together with the benefits and flexibilities of issuing bonds under a debt issuance programme. As the grant is available to both onshore and offshore issuers and SGX is typically recognised as an acceptable listing venue by international debt investors, the New Scheme looks set to boost Singapore's competitiveness in the market for this growing asset class.
 Section 13(16), Income Tax Act, Chapter 134 of Singapore; Section 4, Income Tax (Qualifying Debt Securities) Regulations
 Section 13(16), Income Tax Act, Chapter 134 of Singapore
 National standards or guidelines remain excluded under the New Scheme.
 Or its equivalent in other currencies