On April 6, 2021, the Italian government, trade unions, and various employers' associations agreed upon and adopted a national protocol permitting employers to facilitate workplace vaccinations. The terms of the protocol govern vaccination for all company workers, regardless of whether the worker is an employee or engaged under a different type of contract. Additional guidelines have been issued by the Italian Authority for Accidents at Work ("INAIL"), and more are expected at the regional level. Employers' associations are free to promote the workplace vaccination programs. As alternatives to providing the vaccines themselves, employers may contract with private health facilities or, in certain cases, utilize INAIL health facilities for vaccine administration.
According to the protocol, in order to proceed with workplace vaccinations, an employer must, among other things:
Expenses are generally to be split between businesses and public authorities (in principle, no cost for employers utilizing INAIL health facilities). While the regional health authority shall supply the vaccine free of charge, companies are responsible for the implementation and administration costs of the vaccination programs.