On June 22, 2020, the Federal Trade Commission issued a proposed Made in USA Rule regarding when businesses can advertise that their products are made in the U.S., and giving the agency discretion to impose civil penalties. The proposed rule has not yet been published in the Federal Register, but the agency has invited businesses to file public comments regarding their feedback.
Under the Rule, advertisers would be prohibited from making unqualified Made in USA claims unless the following three factors are met. First, final assembly or processing of the product occurs in the United States; second, all significant processing that goes into the product occurs in the United States; and third all or virtually all ingredients or components of the product are made and sourced in the United States.
The Rule defines “Made in the United States” to mean “any unqualified representation, express or implied, that a product or service, or a specified component thereof, is of U.S. origin, including, but not limited to, a representation that such product or service is ‘made,’ ‘manufactured,’ ‘built,’ ‘produced,’ ‘created,’ or ‘crafted’ in the United States or in America, or any other unqualified U.S.-origin claim.”
The proposed rule and the agency’s staff report on the findings of a Made in USA workshop convened to consider consumer perception were released concurrently. The report is available here. The report found that almost 3 in 5 Americans agree that “Made in America” means that all parts of a product, including any natural resources it contains, originated in the United States. The agency claims that “at least a significant minority of consumers are likely to be deceived by an unqualified Made in USA claim for a product incorporating more than a trivial amount of foreign content.”
In 2019, the FTC found that a number of companies, including food manufacturers, labeled products as U.S.-made when they were produced in other countries. However, no fines were imposed.