A recent Tenth Circuit decision undercut policyholder arguments that Telephone Consumer Protection Act (TCPA) claims are insurable under a standard CGL policy. Policyholders should take note of this decision but should not assume that all TCPA claims are necessarily uncovered.
On February 21, the Tenth Circuit affirmed a finding of no coverage on appeal from the District of Colorado. In Ace American Insurance Company v. Dish Network, LLC, the Tenth Circuit held there was no duty to defend Dish in a lawsuit alleging various violations of state and federal laws relating to telemarketing phone calls. The court held that statutory damages and injunctive relief sought under the TCPA were uninsurable penalties instead of insurable “damages” under the relevant liabilities policies. The court also rejected Dish’s argument that the TCPA’s provisions governing actual monetary loss qualified as a remedial provision that could be insured under Colorado law. Finally, the court rejected Dish’s argument that the underlying claims for equitable relief could constitute insurable damages.
Policyholders should take note of this case for several reasons:
This case is not the death knell for coverage for TCPA defendants, but it may prove a hurdle even in jurisdictions beyond Colorado. Companies that face this risk should consider their current coverage portfolio, particularly with respect to any exclusions that may expressly or implicitly apply to TCPA claims. In the event of a claim, companies should analyze each case independently, including consideration of choice of law and the particular policy provisions and allegations at issue.