The Ministry of Environmental Protection recently published the Memorandum for the Climate Law 2021. The memorandum’s main purpose is to create an organizational framework for Israel’s handling of the global climate crisis. It follows the developing trend among countries worldwide that have enacted similar climate legislation. According to the memorandum, handling the crisis shall occur on two primary levels. The first is prevention and minimization of greenhouse gas emissions in order for Israel to meet its international obligations under the Paris Agreement. The second is advancing national preparedness for the impacts and harms of the climate crisis.
In 1995, Israel submitted to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate the first goals it established for reduction of greenhouse gas emissions by the year 2030. So far, such goals have been enshrined into a string of government resolutions and national plans, which were ultimately gathered together as the Climate Law.
In addition, the memorandum proposes establishing a committee of experts on climate change at the Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanity. The committee shall operate independently from decision makers. Namely, the Academy will appoint its members and the committee will set its own agenda and the issues for deliberation in order to advance knowledge and research on the matter. Finally, the committee must submit to the Minister of Environmental Protection its opinion on the national plan every five years in order to encourage discourse based on scientific facts.
Further, the memorandum proposes authorizing the Minister of Environmental Protection to make regulations for the implementation of the Climate Law’s provisions and to be responsible for executing its provisions.
To review the full memorandum, click here.