The Missouri Court of Appeals held that while no fraud was involved, Wahl had violated state anti-pyramid statutes. No fraud was present because the materials used to promote the scheme clearly indicated its pyramid nature without deceptive tactics. However, because the program sold "other property," namely rights to participate in the program for the possibility of making a return, the program fell under the state anti-pyramid statute and was illegal.
Full case and case summary are also available at: http://www.mlmlegal.com/legal-cases/Missouri_v_Wahl.php
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