On May 28, 2013, the New York State Department of Financial Services (DFS) sent inquiries to 31 of the largest life, health and property/casualty insurance companies pursuant to its authority under Section 308 of the New York Insurance Law. These inquiries requested information on the policies and procedures the insurers have in place to protect against cyber-attacks. Among the information requested by the DFS was the following:
- Information on cyber-attacks to which the companies have been subject to in the past three years;
- The cyber-security safeguards that the companies have put in place;
- The companies’ information technology management policies;
- The amount of funds and other resources dedicated to cyber-security at each company; and
- The companies’ governance and internal control policies related to cyber-security.
The highly technical nature of the 308 letters will likely necessitate a joint effort of legal and information technology personnel to formulate responses. The answers to some of the requests may have implications under New York’s insurance regulations (e.g., Regulation No. 173), HIPAA’s Security Rule (45 C.F.R. §164) and similar regulations in other states. Further, the 308 letter uses numerous terms that do not have well-defined meanings. For example, the term “data loss prevention tools” is extremely vague and can be construed to include anything from a backup tape to sophisticated software systems. Additionally, the term “mobile devices” could include anything from smartphones and iPads to thumb drives, laptops, external hard drives and CDs. The 308 letter also refers to “cloud computing,” which, despite its common usage, does not have a clear definition.
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